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Warwick, Earl of (E, 1088 - 1446)

 

Creation: let.pat. Jul/Dec 1088

 

Extinct: 11 Jun 1446

 

Family name: de Beaumont later Mauduit later de Beauchamp

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Garter stall plate of Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, KG

A thick oblong plate of gilded copper, with dagged edges and slightly convex surface. The arms

are as below. The helm is silver garnished and buckled gold. The mantling is of silver feathers,

as if in continuation of the swan's head, with a purple lining. The helm and crest are turned so as

to face the High Altar.

 

(Plate XXXIV from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Gules a Fess between six Cross Crosslets Or (de Beauchamp);  2nd and 3rd, chequy Or and Azure a Chevron Ermine (de Beaumont aka de Newburgh);  on an Escutcheon of Pretence, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Or three Chevrons Gules (de Clare);  2nd and 3rd, quarterly Argent and Gules, the gules fretty Or, a Bend Sable (le Despencer)

Crest:

Out of a Crown Gules a Swan's Head feathered Argent quilled Or and beaked Purpure

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Henry [de Beaumont], 1st Earl of Warwick

2nd son of Roger de Beaumont, Lord of Beaumont, Pontaudemer, Brionne and Vatteville, by his wife Adeline of Meulan, sister and hrss. in her issue of Hugh, Count of Meulan, and dau. of Waleran, Count of Meulan

born

c. 1048

mar.

Margaret of Perche (d. after 1156), dau. of Geoffrey, Count of Perche, by his wife Beatrice of Montdidier, dau. of Hilduin, Count of Montdidier and Roucy

children

1. Roger de Beaumont, later 2nd Earl of Warwick

2. Robert de Newburgh, Lord of Beaumont, etc., Chief Justiciar of Normandy, mar. Godeheut of Conches, dau. of Ralph de Toni, Lord of Conches, and had issue

3. Rotrou de Beaumont, Archbishop of Rheims, Chief Justiciar and Steward of Normandy

4. Geoffrey de Beaumont

5. Henry de Beaumont

died

c. 20 Jun 1119

created

betw. Jul and Dec 1088 Earl of Warwick

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Roger [de Beaumont], 2nd Earl of Warwick

born

 

mar.

Lady Gundred de Warenne (mar. (2) as his second wife William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal; d. after 1166), 1st dau. of William [de Warenne], 2nd Earl of Surrey, by his wife Isabel of Vermandois, widow of Robert [de Beaumont], 1st Earl of Leicester and Count of Meulan, dau. of Hugh, Count of Vermandois

children

1. William de Beaumont, later 3rd Earl of Warwick

2. Waleran de Beaumont, later 4th Earl of Warwick

died

1153

suc. by

son

note

 

 

William [de Beaumont], 3rd Earl of Warwick

born

 

mar. (1)

Margery d'Eivile, dau. of John d'Eivile

mar. (2)

bef. 28 Dev 1175 Maud de Percy (dsp. betw. Sep 1202 and 13 Oct 1204), 1st dau. and cohrss. of William de Percy, by his first wife Alice de Tonbridge

died

s.p. 15 Nov 1184

suc. by

brother

note

 

 

Waleran [de Beaumont], 4th Earl of Warwick

born

 

mar. (1)

Lady Margery de Bohun, only dau. of Humphrey [de Bohun], 1st Earl of Hereford, by his wife Lady Maud de Mandeville, suo jure Countess of Essex, sister amd hrss. of William [de Mandeville], 5th Earl of Essex, and dau. by his first wife of Geoffrey [FitzPiers], 3rd Earl of Essex

children by first wife

1. Henry de Beaumont, later 5th Earl of Warwick

2. Waleran de Beaumont, of Gretham and Cottesmore, co. Rutland

1. Lady Gundred de Beaumont, a nun

mar. (2)

c. 1196 Alice de Limesy (d. after Sep 1212), widow of John de Limesy, Lord of Cavendish, co. Suffolk, and dau. of Robert de Harcourt, of Bosworth, co. Leicester, and Stanton, co. Oxford, by his wife Isabel de Camville, dau. and hrss. of Richard de Camville, of Stanton, co. Oxford

only daughter by second wife

2. Lady Alice de Beaumont (d. bef. 1263), mar. William Mauduit, of Hanslape, co. Buckingham, and Hartley Mauduit, co.Hampshire (d. bef. 14 Feb 1256/7), and had issue:

1a. William Mauduit, later 8th Earl of Warwick

1a. Lady Isabel Mauduit (d. bef. 1268), mar. William de Beauchamp, of Elmley, co. Worcester (d. betw. 7 Jan and 21 Apr 1268), and had issue:

1b. William de Beauchamp, later 9th Earl of Warwick

2b. Sir John de Beauchamp, of Holt, co. Worcester

3b. Walter de Beauchamp, of Powick, co. Worcester, and Alcester, co. Warwick, mar. Alice de Toeni, and had issue:

1c. Giles de Beauchamp, of Powick, co. Worcester, and Alcester, co. Warwick (d. Oct 1361), mar. 1329 Catherine de Bures, dau. and hrss. of Sir John de Bures, and had issue:

1d. John de Beauchamp, of Powick, co. Worcester, and Alcester, co. Warwick (d. betw. 1378 and 1401), mar. Elizabeth ..... (d. 1411), and had issue:

1e. Sir William Beauchamp, of Powick, co. Worcester, and Alcester, co. Warwick (d. bef. 1431), mar. bef. Mar 1414/5 Catherine Ufflete, dau. of Sir Gerard Ufflete, and had issue:

1f. Walter Beauchamp

2f. Robert Beauchamp

3f. Sir John Beauchamp KG, later 1st Baron Beauchamp of Powick

2e. Sir Walter Beauchamp, mar. Elizabeth Roches, dau. and cohrss. of John Roches, and had issue:

1f. William Beauchamp, later jure uxoris 5th Baron St Amand

2f. Richard Beauchamp, Bishop of Salisbury

4b. Thomas de Beauchamp

1b. Sarah de Beauchamp (d. after Jul 1317), mar. after 7 Jan 1268/9 Richard Talbot, feudal Lord of Eccleswall, Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1299-1301 (d. bef. 3 Sep 1306), and had issue

died

c. 24 Dec 1203

suc. by

son by first wife

note

 

 

Henry [de Beaumont], 5th Earl of Warwick

born

 

mar. (1)

after 1205 Margery de Oilly, 1st dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Henry de Oilly, of Hook Norton, co. Oxford, by his wife Maud de Bohun, dau. of Humphrey de Bohun, Constable of England

children by first wife

1. Sir Thomas de Beaumont, later 6th Earl of Warwick

1. Lady Margaret de Beaumont, later suo jure Countess of Warwick

mar. (2)

bef. 1 May 1220 Philippe Basset (mar. (2) (sic?) bef. 4 Nov 1229 (div. 1242) Richard Seward ; d. bef. 29 Nov 1265), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Basset, of Headington, co. Oxford

died

10 Oct 1229

suc. by

son by first wife

note

 

 

Thomas [de Beaumont], 6th Earl of Warwick

born

 

mar.

Lady Ela Longspée (mar. (2) betw. 25 Nov 1254 and 23 Mar 1254/5 as his second wife Sir Philip Basset, of Wycombe, co. Buckingham, Justiciar of England; dsp. 9 Feb 1297/8), dau. of William [Longspée], jure uxoris Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Lady Ela, suo jure Countess of Salisbury, dau. and hrss. of William of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury

died

s.p. 26 Jun 1242

suc. by

sister

note

 

 

Lady Margaret de Beaumont, suo jure Countess of Warwick

born

 

mar. (1)

bef. 22 Aug 1242 John Marshal, Lord of Hingham and Hockering, co. Norfolk, Marshal of Ireland (dsp. betw. 3 Oct and 23 Oct 1242), son and heir of John Marshal, Lord of Hingham and Hockering, co. Norfolk, Marshal of Ireland, by his wife Aline de Rye, 1st dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Hubert de Rye, of Hingham and Hockering, co. Norfolk

mar. (2)

bef. 14 Sep 1243 John du Plessis, jure uxoris Earl of Warwick 1247-1263 (d. 25 Feb 1262/3)

died

s.p. 3 Jun 1253

suc. by

first half-cousin

note

 

 

William [Mauduit], 8th Earl of Warwick

born

c. 1220

mar.

Alice de Segrave (d. after 1268), dau. of Gilbert de Segrave

died

s.p. 8 Jan 1267/8

suc. by

nephew

note

suc. his father as Hereditary Chamberlain of the Exchequer 1257; took part in action against the Welsh 1258, 1260 and 1263; during the Barons' War he initially a supporter of de Montfort but later was on the side of King Henry

 

William [de Beauchamp], 9th Earl of Warwick

born

c. 1238

mar.

Maud de Furnivall (widow of Sir Gerard de Furnivall, of Sheffield, co. York, and Worksop, co. Nottingham; d. 16 or 18 Apr 1301), sister and cohrss. of Richard [FitzJohn], 1st Baron FitzJohn, and 1st dau. of Sir John FitzGeoffrey, of Shere, co. Surrey, and Fambridge, co. Essex, Justiciar of Ireland, by his wife Lady Isabel le Bigod, dau. of Hugh [le Bigod], 3rd Earl of Norfolk

children

1. Sir Guy de Beauchamp, later 10th Earl of Warwick

1. Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, mar. (1) Sir Patrick de Chaworth, of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, and Kempsford, co. Gloucester (d. bef. 7 Jul 1283), and (2) c. 1286 Hugh [le Despencer], 1st Earl of Winchester, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Maud de Beauchamp, mar. ..... Rithco

3. Lady Margaret de Beauchamp, mar. John [de Sudeley], 1st Baron Sudeley, and had issue

4. Lady Anne de Beauchamp, a nun

5. Lady Amy de Beauchamp, a nun

died

5 or 9 Jun 1298

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father as hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire and Hereditary Pantler at the King's Coronation 1268; Keeper of the Forest of Dean 1270; took part in military expeditions against the Welsh, the Scots and overseas between 1270 and 1296; Constable of Rockingham Castle and Steward of the Forest between Oxford and Stamford 1296-98; a member of Prince Edward's Council 1297-98

 

Guy [de Beauchamp], 10th Earl of Warwick

born

c. 1270

mar. (1)

bef. 11 May 1297 (dissolved) Lady Isabel de Clare (b. 10 Mar 1262/3; mar. (2) c. 1316 as his second wife Maurice [de Berkeley], 2nd and 1st Baron Berkeley; dsp. 1333), 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his first wife Alice de Lusignan, dau. of Hugh X de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Angoulême

mar. (2)

betw. 12 Jan and 28 Feb 1309/10 Alice de Leyburn (b. c. 1284; widow of Thomas de Leyburn (dspm. and vp. bef. 30 May 1307), 1st son and heir ap. of William [de Leyburn], 1st Baron Leyburn; mar. (3) bef. 25 Feb 1316/7 as his first wife William [la Zouche], 1st Baron Zouche of Mortimer ; d. bef. 8 Jan 1324/5), sister and hrss. of Robert [de Toni], 1st Baron Toni, dau. of Ralph de Toni VII, by his wife Mary .....

children by second wife

1. Sir Thomas de Beauchamp, later 11th Earl of Warwick

2. Sir John de Beauchamp, later 1st Baron Beauchamp of Warwick

1. Lady Maud de Beauchamp (d. 28 Jul 1369), mar. Geoffrey [de Say], 2nd Baron Say, and had issue

2. Lady Emma de Beauchamp, mar. Rowland d'Odingsells

3. Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, mar. John Clinton

4. Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp, mar. bef. 1336/7 Thomas [de Astley], 3rd Baron Astley, and had issue

5. Lady Lucy de Beauchamp, mar. Robert de Knapton

died

12 Aug 1315

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

 

Thomas [de Beauchamp], 11th Earl of Warwick, KG

born

14 Feb 1313/4

mar.

after 22 Feb 1324/5 Lady Catherine de Mortimer (d. betw. 4 Aug and 6 Sep 1369), 1st dau. of Roger [de Mortimer], 1st Earl of March, by his wife Joan de Geneville, dau. and hrss. of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Ludlow, co. Salop

children

1. Sir Guy de Beauchamp (dspm. and vp. 28 Apr 1360), mar. bef. 1353 Philippe de Ferrers (d. bef. 10 Aug 1384), 1st dau. of Henry [de Ferrers], 2nd Baron Ferrers de Groby, by his wife Isabel de Verdun, only dau. and cohrss. by his second wife of Theobald [de Verdun], 2nd Baron Verdun, and had issue:

1a. Katherine de Beauchamp, a nun at Shouldham Priory, co. Norfolk (b. c. 1353; d. after 1 Apr 1400)

2a. Elizabeth de Beauchamp (b. c. 1358; d. after 4 Aug 1369)

2. Sir Thomas de Beauchamp, later 12th Earl of Warwick

3. Reynbrun de Beauchamp, mar., and had issue

4. William de Beauchamp, later 1st Baron Bergavenny

5. Roger de Beauchamp

1. Lady Maud de Beauchamp (d. Jan/Feb 1402/3), mar. Roger [de Clifford], 5th Baron Clifford, and had issue

2. Lady Philippe de Beauchamp (d. bef. 6 Apr 1386), mar. bef. 1 Mar 1350/1 Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford, and had issue

3. Lady Alice de Beauchamp (d. 26 Oct 1383), mar. (1) bef. 1354/5 John [de Beauchamp], 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Hacche, and (2) betw. 1371 and 1374 Sir Matthew Gournay

4. Lady Joane de Beauchamp (dsp.), mar. c. May 1338 as his first wife Ralph [Basset], 3rd Baron Basset of Drayton

5. Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, took the veil 1381/2 (d. 29 Sep 1416), mar. (1) John [Lestrange], 2nd or 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere, and (2) c. 12 Jun 1376 as his second wife William [Ufford], 2nd Earl of Suffolk, and had issue by her first husband

6. Lady Margaret de Beauchamp (dsp Jul 1347), mar. Guy to Montfort (dvp. and sp.), only son and heir ap. of Piers [de Montfort], 3rd Baron Montfort, by his wife Margaret [de Furnival], dau. of Thomas [de Furnival], 1st Baron Furnival

7. Lady Agnes de Beauchamp, mar. (1) ..... Cokesay, and (2) ..... Bardolf

8. Lady Juliana de Beauchamp (d. unm.)

9. Lady Catharine de Beauchamp, a nun

died

13 Nov 1369

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Thomas [de Beauchamp], 12th Earl of Warwick, KG

born

bef. 16 Mar 1338/9

mar.

bef. Apr 1381 Margaret de Ferrers (d. 22 Jan 1406/7), 2nd dau. of William [de Ferrers], 3rd Baron Ferrers of Groby, by his first wife Lady Margaret de Ufford, sister and cohrss. in her issue of William [de Ufford], 2nd Earl of Suffolk, and 3rd dau. of Robert [de Ufford], 1st Earl of Suffolk

children

1. Sir Richard de Beauchamp, later 13th Earl of Warwick

1. Lady Katherine de Beauchamp (d. young)

2. Lady Margaret de Beauchamp, a nun

3. Lady Katherine de Beauchamp, a nun

4. Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp

died

8 Apr 1401

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, KG

born

25 or 28 Jan 1381/2

mar. (1)

bef. 5 Oct 1397 Elizabeth de Berkeley, de jure suo jure Baroness Berkeley, Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baroness Teyes (b. c. 1385; dspm. 28 Dec 1422), only dau. and hrss. of Thomas [de Berkeley], 5th Baron Berkeley, by his wife Margaret de Lisle, de jure suo jure Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baroness Teyes, only dau. and hrss. of Warin [de Lisle], 2nd Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baron Teyes

children by first wife

1. Lady Margaret de Beauchamp (b. 1404; d. 14 Jun 1467), mar. 6 Sep 1425 as his second wife John [Talbot], 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and had issue

2. Lady Alianor de Beauchamp (d. 6 Mar 1467), mar. (1) Thomas [de Ros], 8th Baron Ros, (2) 1435 Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset, and (3) Walter Rodesley, and had issue by her first and second husbands

3. Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp (d. c. 1480), mar. George [Nevill], 1st Baron Latymer, and had issue

mar. (2)

26 Nov 1423 Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, de jure suo jure Baroness Burghersh (b. 26 Jul 1400; widow of his cousin Richard [de Beauchamp], 1st Earl of Worcester; d. 27 Dec 1439), sister and hrss. of Richard [le Despencer], 4th Baron Burghersh, and only surv. dau. of Thomas [le Despencer], 1st Earl of Gloucester, by his wife Lady Constance Plantagenet, only dau. of Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York (by his first wife Isabella of Castile, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Peter I, King of Castile), 5th son of King Edward III

children by second wife

1. Sir Henry de Beauchamp, later 14th Earl of Warwick later 1st Duke of Warwick

4. Lady Anne de Beauchamp, later suo jure Countess of Warwick for life

died

30 Apr 1439

suc. by

son by second wife

note

on the death of his first wife the Baronies of Berkeley, Lisle of Kingston and Teyes fell into abeyance between her three daughters and coheirs; his second wife would have also been Baroness le Despencer but for the attainder of her father; this attainder was reversed in 1461 and the Barony of le Despencer fell into abeyance along with the Barony of Burghersh

 

Henry [de Beauchamp], 14th Earl of Warwick later 1st Duke of Warwick

born

22 May 1424/5

mar.

1434 Lady Cecily Nevill, Sheriff of Worcestershire 1449 (mar. (2) aft. 3 Apr 1449 as his first wife John [Tiptoft], 1st Earl of Worcester; d. 28 Jul 1450), 2nd dau. of Richard [Nevill], jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Lady Alice Montacute, suo jure Countess of Salisbury, dau. and hrss. of Thomas [Montacute], 4th Earl of Salisbury

only child

1. Lady Anne de Beauchamp, suo jure Baroness Burghersh (b. Feb 1443/4; d. 3 Jan 1448/9)

died

s.p.m. 11 Jun 1446

created

2 Apr 1444 Premier Earl of the Realm, with remainder to the heirs male of his body

5 Apr 1445 Duke of Warwick, with remainder to the heirs male of his body and with precedence next after the Duke of Norfolk and before that of the Duke of Buckingham

note

suc. his mother as 6th Baron Burghersh 27 Dec 1439

 

On the death of the 1st Duke of Warwick both the Dukedom and Earldom of Warwick became extinct (see Editor's Note below) and the Barony of Burghersh passed to his only child, Lady Anne de Beauchamp. On her death in 1449 the Barony fell into abeyance between her aunts (the daughters of Isabel, her grandmother, by her two husbands) or their descendants.

 

Editor's note:

 

There is some uncertainty as to whether the Earldom of Warwick became extinct on the death of the 1st Duke of Warwick and reverted to the Crown, or whether it passed to his infant daughter Lady Anne de Beauchamp, and then a few years later to his sister of the whole blood, also called Lady Anne de Beauchamp. Circumstantial evidence seems to point to the Earldom being regarded from the mid 14th century onwards as only being capable of passing to heirs male rather than heirs general.

 

For example, in 1344 the 11th Earl of Warwick entailed Warwick Castle and most of his lands in many counties to his sons Guy, Thomas and Reynbrun, in tail male, with remainder to any other son and to his brother, John [de Beauchamp], 1st Baron Beauchamp of Warwick, also in tail male, and with ultimate remainder to his right heirs, the heirs general being ignored. Gower, which he had claimed and secured as heir general, was similarly entailed in 1356, with the inclusion of his younger sons William and Roger. It seems clear that the intention was to limit the Earldom itself, as well as the lands, to the heirs male of the body of the 10th Earl of Warwick, thus bringing it into line with other 14th century creations. It has been said, "It is obviously absurd to suppose that the King intended the estates ..... of an Earldom to descend in a different way from the Earldom."

 

When the 11th Earl of Warwick died in 1369 he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Sir Thomas de Beauchamp, the heir male of the first grantee, rather than his grand-daughter Katherine de Beauchamp, the heir general of the first grantee as the only surviving child of his first son and heir apparent, Sir Guy de Beauchamp. The entail of 1344 prevented her from inheriting any of her grandfather's lands or, it would appear, the Earldom itself.

 

The 14th Earl of Warwick was created Premier Earl in 1444 and Duke of Warwick in 1445, both of these new creations being to the heirs male of his body. His only child, Lady Anne de Beauchamp, was born before both of these creations and presumably there was no reason to suppose that the 14th Earl later 1st Duke of Warwick would not on the future produce a male heir. Even so, it is unlikely that the King would agree to terminology in letters patent that could, however remotely, result in the Earldom of Warwick descending one way and the Dukedom of Warwick descending another.

 

Finally, there is the creation of Lady Anne de Beauchamp, the late Duke's sister, and her husband Sir Richard Nevill, the son and heir apparent of the Lady Alice, suo jure Countess of Salisbury, as Earl and Countess of Warwick for life on 2 Mar 1449/50. If Lady Anne had already inherited the Earldom of Warwick from her niece, would there have been any need for this creation? Could not her husband have been acknowledged as Earl of Warwick jure uxoris, just as his own father was acknowledged as Earl of Salisbury jure uxoris. The fact of this new creation and its extended remainder does strongly suggest that the 1088 Earldom was regarded as having become extinct on the death of the Duke of Warwick in 1446.

 

Although the evidence is, as we stated earlier, entirely circumstantial, regarding the 1088 Earldom of Warwick as having become extinct in 1446 does seem the correct approach to take. It should be pointed out that The Complete Peerage makes no firm decision either way and allows the 1098 Earldom of Warwick with a caution to both the Lady Annes.

 

First written 21 Feb 2004

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