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Warwick, Earl of (E, 1618 - 1759)

 

Creation: let.pat. 6 Aug 1618

 

Extinct: 7 Sep 1759

 

Family name: Rich

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Arms:

Gules a Chevron between three Crosses Botonnée Or

Crest:

On a Mount proper a Wyvern rising Argent

Supporters:

On either side a Reindeer proper

Motto:

 Garde la Foy (Protect the Faith)

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Robert [Rich], 3rd Baron Rich later 1st Earl of Warwick

1st surv. son and heir of Robert [Rich], 2nd Baron Rich, by his wife Elizabeth Baldry, dau. and hrss. of George Baldry, of Hadley, co. Suffolk

born

Dec 1559

mar. (1)

Oct 1581 (div. 1605) Lady Penelope Devereux (mar. illegally (2) 26 Dec 1605 in her first first husband's lifetime Charles [Blount], 1st Earl of Devonshire; d. 7 Jul 1607), 1st dau. of Walter [Devereux], 1st Earl of Essex, by his wife Lettice Knollys, sister of William [Knollys], 1st Earl of Banbury, and 1st dau. of Sir Francis Knollys KG, by his wife Mary Carey, sister of Henry [Carey], 1st Baron Hunsdon, and dau. of William Carey, Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII (by his wife Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of King Henry VIII and elder sister of Lady Anne Boleyn, suo jure Marchioness of Pembroke, herself second wife of King Henry VIII and mother of Queen Elizabeth I, 1st dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [Boleyn], 1st Earl of Wiltshire and 1st Earl of Ormonde), 2nd son of Sir Thomas Carey, of Chilton Foliat, co. Wiltshire, by his wife Margaret Spencer, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Robert Spencer, of Spencercombe, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Eleanor Butler, widow of James [Butler], 5th Earl of Ormonde, and 1st dau. and cohrss. of Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset

children by first wife

1. Hon Robert Rich, later 2nd Earl of Warwick

2. Hon Henry Rich, later 1st Earl of Holland

3. Hon Sir Charles Rich (d. unm.)

1. Lady Lettice Rich, mar. (1) as his second wife Sir George Cary, of Cockington, co. Devon (d. 19 Feb 1616/7), and (2) Sir Arthur Lake

2. Hon Penelope Rich (b. c. 1590; d. 26 Oct 1613; bur. at Clifton, co. Nottingham), mar. in or shortly before 1613 as his first wife Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Bt., of Clifton, co. Nottingham, and had issue

3. Lady Essex Rich, mar. as his second wife Sir Thomas Cheeke, of Pirgo, co. Essex, and had issue

4. Lady Isabel Rich, mar. Sir John Smith, of Bidborough, co. Kent, and had issue

mar. (2)

14 Dec 1616 Francis St Paul (widow of Sir George St Paul, Bt., of Snarford, co. Lincoln; d. 15 Aug 1634), sister of Sir William Wray, 1st Bt., of Glentworth, co. Lincoln, and 2nd dau. of Sir Christopher Wray, of Glentworth, co. Lincoln, Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, by his wife Anne Girlington, dau. of Nicholas Girlington, of Normanby, co. York

died

24 Mar 1618/9

created

6 Aug 1618 Earl of Warwick

suc. by

son by first wife

note

suc. his father as 3rd Baron Rich 27 Feb 1580/1; Capt of a Troop of Horse 1588/9; a Commissioner for the trial of the Earl of Essex 1600/1

 

Robert [Rich], 2nd Earl of Warwick

born

May 1587

mar. (1)

12 Feb 1604/5 Frances Hatton (b. Jul 1590; d. bef. 21 Nov 1623), dau. and hrss. of Sir William Newport later Hatton, by his wife Elizabeth Gawdy, dau. and hrss. of Sir Francis Gawdy, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1605

children by first wife

1. Hon Robert Rich, later 5th Baron Rich later 3rd Earl of Warwick

2. Hon Charles Rich, later 4th Earl of Warwick

3. Hon Henry Rich (d. unm.)

4. Hon Hatton Rich (d. unm.)

1. Lady Anne Rich (d. 14 Feb 1641/2), mar. (2) 1 Jul 1625 as his second wife Edward [Montagu], 2nd Earl of Manchester, and had issue

2. Lady Lucy Rich (b. c. 1615; d. aft. 1635), mar. 21 Apr 1630 as his first wife John [Robartes], 1st Earl of Radnor, and had issue

3. Lady Frances Rich (bur. 21 Nov 1692), mar. c. 1653 Nicholas [Leke], 2nd Earl of Scarsdale, and had issue

mar. (2)

aft. 12 Mar 1624/5 Susan Halliday (bapt. 19 Sep 1582; widow of Alderman William Halliday, Sheriff of London 1617-18 and Governor of the East India Company; d. 16 Jan 1645/6), dau. of Sir Henry Rowe, Lord Mayor of London 1606-07, by his wife Susan Kighley, dau. of Thomas Kighley, of Gray's, co. Essex

mar. (3)

30 Mar 1646 Eleanor Radcliffe (widow of (1) Sir Henry Lee, 1st Bt., and (2) Edward [Radcliffe], 6th Earl of Sussex; mar. (4) 15 Jul 1659 as his fourth wife Edward [Montagu], 2nd Earl of Manchester; d. 20 Jan 1666/7), 4th dau. of Sir Richard Wortley, of Wortley, co. York, by his wife Elizabeth Boughton, dau. of Edward Boughton, of Cawston, co. Warwick

died

19 Apr 1658

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King James I 1603; Member of Parliament for Maldon 1610-11 and for Essex 1614 ; a member of the Bermudas Company 1615, of the Guinea Company 1618, of the Amazon River Company 1620 and of the Bahamas Company 1630; Councillor for the Colony of Virginia 1619 and for the Plantation of New England 1620 ; Joint lord Lieutenant of Essex 1625-26, 1629-35, 1635-40 and 1640/1-41/2; Burgess of Southampton 1626; a Free Bother of the East India Company 1628; Recorder of Warwick 1629-41; Vice Admiral of Essex 1632 ; Privy Councillor 1641 ; a Commissioner of Regency 1641; Lord Lieutenant of Essex and Norfolk 1641/2 on behalf of Parliament; Admiral of the Fleet 1641/2 (although the appointment was vetoed by the King); Captain-General of the Forces about London 1642; Speaker of the House of Lords 1642 and 1647/8; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1643-45 and 1648-48/9; Governor of Guernsey 1643-46; Governor-in-Chief and Lord High Admiral of the West Indies 1643; Lord High Admiral of England 1643-45 and 1648-48/9; a Commissioner for the offices of Lord High Admiral of England and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1645-48; Commander-in-Chief of the Eastern Association 1645; voted a Dukedom by the House of Commons 1645; commanded the Navy during the Civil War of 1648; Keeper of Hyde Park 1648; following the execution of the King and his own brother the Earl of Holland he took no further part in public life

 

Robert [Rich], 5th Baron Rich later 3rd Earl of Warwick

born

28 Jun 1611

mar. (1)

9 Apr 1632 Lady Anne Cavendish (b. c. 1611; d. 24 Aug 1638), only dau. of William [Cavendish], 2nd Earl of Devonshire, by his wife Hon Christian Bruce, dau. of Edward [Bruce], 1st Lord Kinloss

only child by first wife

1. Hon Robert Rich (b. 1634; dvp. and sp. 16 Feb 1657/8), mar. 11 Nov 1657 Frances Cromwell (bapt. 6 Dec 1638; mar. (2) 7 May 1663 Sir John Russell, 3rd Bt., of Chippenham, co. Cambridge; d. 27 Jan 1719/20), 4th dau. of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, by his wife Elizabeth Bouchier, 1st dau. of Sir James Bouchier, of Little Stambridge and Grandcourts, co. Essex

mar. (2)

3 Oct 1645 his cousin Anne Rogers (widow of Richard Rogers, of Bryanston, co. Dorset; d. bef. 30 May 1659), dau. of Sir Thomas Cheeke, of Pirgo, co. Essex, by his second wife Lady Essex Rich, 3rd dau. by his first wife of Robert [Rich], 1st Earl of Warwick

children by second wife

1. Lady Anne Rich, mar. 8 Nov 1664 (1) Thomas Barrington (b. c. 1643; dvp. 31 Jan 1681/2), 1st son and heir ap. of Sir John Barrington, 3rd Bt. MP, of Barrington Hall, co. Essex, by his wife Dorothy Lytton, dau. by his first wife of Sir William Lytton, of Knebworth, co. Hertford, and (2) her cousin Sir Richard Franklin, 2nd Bt., of Moore Park, co. Hertford, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Mary Rich (bur. 2 Oct 1678), mar. 11 Dec 1673 as his first wife Henry [St John], 1st Viscount St John, and had issue

3. Lady Essex Rich (b. c. 1652; dspm. 23 Mar 1683/4), mar. 16 June 1674 as his first wife Daniel [Finch], 7th Earl of Winchilsea, and had issue

died

s.p.m.s. 30 May 1659

suc. by

brother

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Charles I 1625/6; Member of Parliament for Essex 1628/9 and 1640-40/1; sum. to Parliament v.p. in his father's Barony of Rich 26 Jan 1640/1; originally an active supporter of the King in the Civil War, he was later fined by Parliament as a delinquent and agreed not to take up arms against the Commonwealth

 

Charles [Rich], 4th Earl of Warwick

born

1616

mar.

21 Jul 1641 Lady Mary Boyle (b. 8 Nov 1625; d. 12 Apr 1678), 7th dau. of Richard [Boyle], 1st Earl of Cork, by his second wife Catherine Fenton, only dau. of Sir Geoffrey Fenton, Secretary of State for Ireland

only child

1. Hon Charles Rich, styled Lord Rich (b. 28 Sep 1643; dvp. and sp. 16 May 1664), mar. 2 Sep 1662 Lady Anne Cavendish (mar. (2) 4 May 1670 John [Cecil], 5th Earl of Exeter; d. 18 Jun 1703), only dau. of William [Cavendish], 3rd Earl of Devonshire, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Cecil, 2nd dau. of William [Cecil], 2nd Earl of Salisbury

died

s.p.m.s. 14 Aug 1673

suc. by

cousin

note

a supporter of Parliament in the Civil War; Member of Parliament for Sandwich 1645-53 and for Essex 1658-59

 

Robert [Rich], 2nd Earl Holland later 5th Earl of Warwick

1st son and heir of Henry [Rich], 1st Earl Holland (by his wife Isabel Cope, dau. of hrss. of Sir Walter Cope, of Kensington, co. Middlesex), 2nd son by his first wife of Robert [Rich], 1st Earl of Warwick

born

c. 1620

mar. (1)

8 Apr 1641 Elizabeth Ingram (bur. 17 Sep 1661), sister of Henry [Ingram], 1st Viscount Irvine, and dau. of Sir Arthur Ingram, of Temple Newson, co. York, by his first wife Eleanor Slingsby, dau. of Sir Henry Slingsby, of Redhouse, co. York

only child by first wife

1. Hon Henry Rich, styled Lord Kensington (b. 26 Aug 1642; dvp. and sp. 15 Apr 1659), mar. 14 Feb 1658/9 Christian Gayer (bapt. 19 Mar 1638/9; widow of John Gayer, of Stoke Poges, co. Essex; mar. (3) bef. 1662 John [Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton; d. 27 Aug 1698), dau. and hrss. by his first wife of Sir Andrew Riccard, of St Olave's, Hart Street, London, Governor of the East India Company and of the Levant Company

mar. (2)

bef. Apr 1668 his first cousin once removed Lady Anne Montagu (bur. 9 Jul 1689), 2nd dau. of Edward [Montagu], 2nd Earl of Manchester, by his second wife Lady Anne Rich, dau. of Robert [Rich], 2nd Earl of Warwick

children by second wife

2. Hon Edward Rich, later 6th Earl of Warwick

1. Lady Elizabeth Rich, mar. Francis Edwardes, of Johnston, co. Pembroke, and had issue

bur.

16 Apr 1675

suc. by

son by second wife

note

suc. his father as 2nd Earl Holland 9 Mar 1648/9

 

Edward [Rich], 6th Earl of Warwick

born

1673

mar.

18 Feb 1696/7 Charlotte Middleton (bapt. 7 Jan 1679; mar. (2) 9 Aug 1716 Rt Hon Joseph Addison; d. 7 Jul 1731), only dau. and hrss. of Sir Thomas Middleton, 2nd Bt. of Chirk Castle, co. Denbigh, by his second wife Charlotte Bridgeman, dau. of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Bt., Lord Keeper of the Great Seal 1667-72

only child

1. Hon Edward Henry Rich, later 7th Earl of Warwick

died

31 Jul 1701

suc. by

son

note

Capt, Queen's Regiment of Horse 1693/4; following a duel in 1698 he was committed to the Tower of London and found guilty of manslaughter

 

Edward Henry [Rich], 7th Earl of Warwick

born

20 Jan 1697/8

died

16 Aug 1721

suc. by

second cousin

note

a Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales 1719-19 and to King George II 1719-21

 

Edward [Rich], 8th Earl of Warwick

only son and heir of Cope Rich, only son and heir of Hon Cope Rich, 4th son of Henry [Rich], 1st Earl of Holland (by his wife Isabel Cope, dau. of hrss. of Sir Walter Cope, of Kensington, co. Middlesex), 2nd son by his first wife of Robert [Rich], 1st Earl of Warwick

born

1695

mar.

1712 Mary Stanton (d. 7 Nov 1769), dau. of Samuel Stanton, of Lyme Regis, co. Norfolk

only child

1. Lady Catherine Rich (b. c. 1713 ; d. 12 Apr 1791)

died

s.p.m. 7 Sep 1759

note

Cornet, Col Newton's Regiment of Dragoons 1715; Ensign, Coldstream Guards 1717 ; a Gentleman Usher to the Prince of Wales 1716; a Governor of the Foundling Hospital 1739

 

On the death of the 8th Earl of Warwick all his titles became extinct

 

 First written 27 Jan 2003

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