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Welles, Baron (E, 1299 - abeyant 1499)

 

Creation: writ sum. 6 Feb 1298/9

 

Abeyant: 9 Feb 1498/9

 

Family name: (de) Welles

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Arms:

Or a Lion double queued Sable armed and langued Gules

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Adam [de Welles], 1st Baron Welles

brother and heir of William de Welles, feudal lord of Welles, co. Lincoln, and 3rd son of Robert de Welles, feudal lord of Welles, co. Lincoln, by his wife Isabel de Periton, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Adam de Periton, of Ellington, co. Northumberland, Faxton, co. Northampton, and Rampisham, co. Dorset

born

 

mar.

in or bef. 1296 Joan FitzWalter (widow of Walter FitzWalter, 1st son and heir ap. of Robert [FitzWalter], 1st Baron FitzWalter; d. 1 Jun 1315; bur. at Greenfield Priory, co. Lincoln), 1st dau. of Sir John Engaine, of Laxton and Blatherwycke, co. Northampton, by his wife Joan de Greinville, dau. and hrss. of Sir Gilbert de Greinville, of Hallaton, co. Leicester

children

1. Robert de Welles, later 2nd Baron Welles

2. Adam de Welles, later 3rd Baron Welles

3. John de Welles

1. Margaret de Welles, Prioress of Greenfield

died

1 Sep 1311 (bur. at Greenfield Priory, co. Lincoln)

created

by writ of summons 6 Feb 1298/9 Baron Welles

suc. by

son

note

sued concerning the new market at Alford 1290; accompanied Hugh le Despencer on his mission to the King of the Romans 1294; appointed to receive clergy in Lincolnshire into the King's peace 1296/7; summoned for military service beyond the seas 1297 and for military service against the Scots 1299-1310; fought in the King's Division at the Battle of Falkirk 1298; Constable of Rockingham Castle and Keeper of the forest between Stamford and Oxford 1298/9-1307; at the Siege of Caerlaverock 1300; a signatory to the Barons' letter to the Pope 1300/1; was granted free warren in his demesne lands 1301/2; served again in Scotland 1303-04 and 1310; summoned to attend the Coronation of King Edward II 1307/8; a Commissioner for Dykes and Banks for Lincolnshire 1310

 

Robert [de Welles], 2nd Baron Welles

born

1 Jan 1296/7

mar.

bef. 16 Dec 1315 Maud de Clifford (widow of Robert [de Clifford], 1st Baron Clifford; d. betw. 4 Mar 1326/7 and 24 May 1327), 2nd dau. of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond (by his wife Julian FitzMaurice, 2nd dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, Lord Justice of Ireland), 2nd son by his second wife of Richard [de Clare], 5th Earl of Gloucester

died

s.p. 29 Aug 1320

suc. by

brother

note

suc. his grandmother Isabel de Welles 1314/5; given seizin of his lands 1318/9; was sum. for military service against the Scots 1319 and fought at the Battle of Berwick 1319

 

Adam [de Welles], 3rd Baron Welles

born

22 Jul 1304

mar.

bef. 1334 Margaret Bardolf (d. bef. 1334; bur. in the Lady Chapel at Greenfield Priory, co. Lincoln), dau. of Thomas [Bardolf], 2nd Baron Bardolf, by his wife Agnes de Grandson, dau. of William de Grandson, Seigneur de Grandson, by his wife Blanche of Savoy, dau. of Louis of Savoy, Baron de Vaud

children

1. John de Welles, later 4th Baron Welles

1. Margaret de Welles, mar. Sir William Deincourt (dvp. bef. 2 Jun 1364), son and heir ap. of William [Deincourt], 2nd Baron Deincourt, and had issue

2. Elizabeth de Welles (d. after 24 Feb 1344/5), mar. before 14 Oct 1338 as his first wife Roger [la Warre], 3rd Baron la Warre, and had issue

died

24-28 Feb 1344/5 (bur. in the Lady Chapel of Greenfield Priory, co. Lincoln)

suc. by

son

note

given seizin of his lands 1326; served on commissions of the peace, or array, etc., in Lincolnshire 1332-44; sum. for military service against the Scots 1333-40 and in France and Brittany 1342-43

 

John [de Welles], 4th Baron Welles

born

23 Aug 1334

mar.

c. 1344/5 Maud de Ros (d. 9 Dec 1388), dau. of William [de Ros], 2nd Baron Ros, by his wife Margery de Badlesmere, sister and cohrss. of Giles [de Badlesmere], 2nd Baron Badlesmere, and 1st dau. of Bartholomew [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere

children

1. John de Welles, later 5th Baron Welles

1. Margaret de Welles, mar. (1) John de Huntingfield, son and heir ap. of William [de Huntingfield], 1st Baron Huntingfield, and (2) bef. 15 Dec 1376 Stephen [le Scrope], 2nd Baron Scrope of Masham, and had issue by her second husband

2. Anne de Welles (d. aft. 1396), mar. bef. 17 Jun 1386 James [Butler], 3rd Earl of Ormonde, and had issue

died

11 Oct 1361

suc. by

son

note

given seizin of his lands 1355; sum. for military service against the Scots 1355 and overseas 1359-60

 

John [de Welles], 5th Baron Welles

born

20 Aug 1352

mar. (1)

bef. May 1386 Eleanor de Mowbray (b. bef. 25 Mar 1364; d. c. 1399), sister of Thomas [de Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk, and 1st dau. of John [de Mowbray], 4th Baron Mowbray, by his wife Elizabeth de Segrave, suo jure Baroness Segrave, dau. and hrss. of John [de Segrave], 4th Baron Segrave

children by first wife

1. Eudo de Welles, took part in the rebellion of 1405, had licence to travel abroad 1407 (dvp.), mar. Maud de Greystock, 1st dau. of Ralph [de Greystock], 3rd Baron Greystock, by his wife Katherine de Clifford, dau. of Roger [de Clifford], 5th Baron Clifford, and had issue:

1a. Sir Lionel de Welles, later 6th Baron Welles

2a. Sir William Welles, Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1461-63 (b. c. 1410; d. 1463), mar. Anne Barnewall, dau. of Sir Nicholas Barnewall, of Crickstown, Chief Justice of Ireland, by his wife Ismay Serjeant, dau. of Sir Robert Serjeant, of Castleknock, and had issue:

1b. Elizabeth Welles, mar. (1) before 5 Jan 1463/4 Christopher [Plunkett], 2nd Baron Killeen, and (2) James [Fleming], 7th Baron Slane, and had issue by both husbands

2b. Ismay Welles, mar. Thomas Nangle, Feudal Baron of Navan, and had issue

mar. (2)

bef. 13 Aug 1417 Margery ..... (d. 8 Apr 1426)

died

26 Aug 1421

suc. by

grandson

note

retained to stay with the Duke of Lancaster for life 1371/2; accompanied the Duke on his march from Calais to Bordeaux 1373; given seizin of his lands 1373; served on many commissions of the peace, of array, etc. in Lincolnshire from 1374; frequently abroad or serving in the French wars 1377, 1379-83 and 1387-88; was with the garrison of Berwick-on-Tweed 1378-79; had licence to go to France 1384; took part in King Richard II's only expedition to Scotland 1385; in 1390 he and Sir David Lindsay, later 1st Earl of Crawford, performed a notable feat of arms on London Bridge where he was unhorsed on the third course; present when his brother-in-law, the Duke of Norfolk, sailed from Lowestoft into exile 1398; summoned to perform homage and fealty to King Henry IV 1400; appointed to proclaim in Lincolnshire King Henry's intention to enforce law and order 1400; ordered to stop granting livery and making unlawful assemblies 1403

 

Lionel [de Welles], 6th Baron Welles, KG

born

1406

mar. (1)

15 Aug 1417 Joan Waterton (d. after 1434; bur. in the Waterton Chapel in St Oswald's Church, Methley, co. York), sister and hrss. in her issue of Sir Robert Waterton, of Waterton and Methley, co. York, and dau. of Sir Robert Waterton, of Waterton and Methley, co. York, by his wife Joan Ellis (widow of Sir William Ellis, of Kiddal, co. York), dau. of William de Everingham, of Laxton, co. Nottingham

children by first wife

1. Sir Richard de Welles, later 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby later 7th Baron Welles

1. Eleanor de Welles, mar. (1) as his second wife Thomas [Hoo], 1st Baron Hoo, and (2) James Lawrence, and had issue by both husbands

2. Cecily de Welles (d. 1480), mar. Sir Robert Willoughby, 1st son of Sir Robert Willoughby (by his wife Joan Arundell, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Richard Arundell), 2nd son by his first wife of William [Willoughby], 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and had issue

3. Margaret de Welles (d. 3 Jul 1480), mar. (1) c. 1457 Sir Thomas Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, co. Lincoln, and (2) bef. 8 May 1472 Robert Radcliffe, son of Sir John Radcliffe, and had issue by her first husband

4. Catherine de Welles, mar. (1) Sir Thomas de la Launde, of Horbling, and (2) Robert Tempest, and had issue by both husbands

mar. (2)

after 20 Apr 1447 Margaret Beaufort, de jure suo jure Baroness Beauchamp of Bletsoe (widow of (1) Sir Oliver St John, of Bletsoe, co. Bedford, and (2) John [Beaufort], 3rd Earl of Somerset; d. bef. 3 Jun 1482), sister and heiress of John [Beauchamp], 4th Baron Beauchamp of Bletsoe, and dau. of John [Beauchamp], 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Bletsoe, by his wife Edith Stourton, dau. of Sir John Stourton

only child by second wife

2. John de Welles, later 10th Baron Welles later 1st Viscount Welles

died

29 Mar 1461 (bur. in the Waterton Chapel in St Oswald's Church, Methley, co.York)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

knighted 1426 by the infant King Henry VI; had seizin of his lands 1427; accompanied the King to France 1430; Privy Councillor before 1434; a member of the King's Household before 1437/8; Lieutenant of Ireland 1437/8-41/2; Joint Deputy in Calais for his brother-in-law, the Duke of Somerset, 1451-55; Knight of the Garter 1457; was sent to Calais with reinforcements 1457; taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of Blore Heath 1459; was with Queen Margaret's army which advanced on London and won the first Battle of St Albans 1460/1; killed at the Battle of Towton 1461; after his death he was attainted by Parliament 1461 and all his honours forfeited

 

Richard [de Welles], jure uxoris Baron Willoughby de Eresby later 7th Baron Welles

born

c. 1428-30

mar. (1)

bef. 9 Jan 1448/9 Joan Willoughby, de jure suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby (d. bef. 13 Feb 1461/2), dau. and hrss. of Robert [Willoughby], 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby and 1st Count of Vendôme and Beaumont, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth de Montacute, 2nd dau. of John [de Montacute], 3rd Earl of Salisbury

children

1. Sir Robert de Welles, later 8th Baron Welles and Willoughby de Eresby

1. Joan de Welles, de jure suo jure Baroness Welles and Willoughby Eresby

mar. (2)

after 10 Aug 1468 Margery Ingleby (widow of John Ingleby; d. after 8 May 1475), dau. of Sir James Strangways, of Harlsey Castle, in Osmotherley, co. York, Speaker of the House of Commons, by his first wife Elizabeth Darcy, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Philip [Darcy], 6th Baron Darcy

died

12 Mar 1469/70

created

v.p. by writ of summons 26 May 1455 Baron Willoughby de Eresby

suc by

son by first wife

note

knighted before 1452/3, when he had seizin of his wife's lands; a Commissioner of the peace, of array, etc. in Lincolnshire from 1453; Privy Councillor 1453/4; active in Lincolnshire against the Yorkists 1459; was with his father in Queen Margaret's army that advanced on London and won the first Battle of St Alban's 1460/1; fought at the Battle of Towton 1461 in which his father was killed; obtained a pardon from King Edward IV 1461/2; with the King at Dover 1463; was one of the Yorkist leaders who under Lord Montagu routed the Lancastrians at the Battle of Hexham 1464; given seizin of his father's lands 1465; restored in blood by Act of Parliament 1467, thereby succeeding to his father's title; as a result of a private "war" between himself and Sir Thomas Burgh, of Gainsborough, during the winter of 1469-70 he and his son, Sir Robert de Welles, became involved in the conspiracy of the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence against the Duke's brother, King Edward IV; he was summoned to London and pardoned by the King early in March 1469/70, but was made to march North with the King against his son, who had declared openly for the Earl and the Duke; when Sir Robert refused to lay down his arms Lord Welles was beheaded at the Queen's Cross in Stamford; his lands were seized and in 1474/5 he and his son were attainted as from the date of his death, whereby all his honours were forfeited; the attainder was reversed by Act of Parliament 1485-86

 

Robert [de Welles], 8th Baron Welles and Willoughby de Eresby

born

 

mar.

Elizabeth Bourchier (d. 4 Oct 1470; bur. in the Church of the White Friars, Doncaster, co. York), dau. of John [Bourchier], 1st Baron Berners, by his wife Margery Ferreby (widow of John Ferreby), dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard Berners, of West Horsley, co. Surrey

died

s.p. 19 Mar 1469/70 (bur. in the Church of the White Friars, Doncaster, co. York)

suc. by

sister

note

was to be arrested with his mother on the death of his grandfather 1461; knighted before 1466; a Commissioner of the peace for Lincolnshire from 1466/7; became involved with his father in the conspiracy of the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence, he assumed the style of Captain of the Commons of Lincolnshire and ordered a muster at Ranby Hawe, co. Lincoln, to resist the King; instead of joining the Earl of Warwick at Leicester he marched towards Stamford in the hope of rescuing his father; he refused to lay down his arms, which caused the King to order the execution of Lord Welles; Sir Robert was heavily defeated by the King's forces at Empingham, co. Lincoln, and was captured escaping from the battle; after implicating Warwick and Clarence he was beheaded at Doncaster, just a week after the death of his father; as with his late father, his lands were seized and in 1474/5 he and his father were attainted as from 12 Mar 1469/70, whereby all his honours were forfeited; the attainder was reversed by Act of Parliament 1485-86

 

Joan de Welles later Piggott later Hastings, de jure suo jure Baroness Welles and Willoughby de Eresby

born

 

mar. (1)

Richard Piggott, of London

mar. (2)

bef. 1470 as his first wife Sir Richard Hastings, sum. to Parliament 1482-83 as Ricardo Hastyng de Wellys and thereby held to have become Lord Hastings of Welles or Lord Welles, on the reversal of the attainders on the 7th and 8th Lord Welles and Willoughby de Eresby he was allowed to retain for life all the lands formerly belonging to Robert, 6th Lord Willoughby de Eresby, and style himself Lord Willoughby de Eresby (dsp. Sep 1503; bur. in the Church of the Grey Friars, London), yr. brother of William [Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings, and 2nd son of Sir Leonard Hastings, by his wife Alice Camoys, dau. of Thomas [Camoys], 1st Baron Camoys

died

s.p. bef. Jan 1474/5

suc. by

uncle

note

she had licence 1470 to enter freely into all the lands belonging to her late father; she was living 1472/3 but died before the Act of Attainder against her late brother and father; the Act of Attainder granted the bulk of the forfeited Welles and Willoughby lands to her husband, Sir Richard Hastings; on her death the right to the Barony of Welles (under attainder 1475-85) passed to her uncle, John Welles, and the right to the Barony of Willoughby de Eresby (also under attainder 1475-85) passed to her maternal 2nd cousin, Sir Christopher Willoughby

 

John [Welles], 10th Baron Welles later 1st Viscount Welles, KG

born

 

mar.

betw. 25 Nov 1487 and 1 Jan 1487/8 the Princess Cecily (b. 20 Mar 1468/9; mar. (2) betw. 13 May 1502 and Jan 1503/4 Thomas Kyme, of Friskney, co. Lincoln; d. 24 Aug 1507; bur. in Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight), 3rd dau. of King Edward IV by his wife Lady Elizabeth Wydville, 1st dau. of Richard [Wydville], 1st Earl Rivers

children

1. Elizabeth Welles (dvp. an infant)

2. Anne Welles (dvp. an infant; bur. in the Church of the Austin Friars, London)

died

s.p.s. 9 Feb 1498/9 (bur. in Westminster Abbey)

created

between Nov 1485 and 8 Feb 1485/6 Viscount Welles

note

as John Welles, of Maxey, co. Northampton, late of Bletsoe, co. Bedford, he had a general pardon 1478; took part in the failed rebellion of the Duke of Buckingham 1483 and afterwards fled to Brittany; attainted by Act of Parliament 1483/4; returning to England with his nephew, the Earl of Richmond, he was knighted by him at Milford Haven 1485 and recognized as Lord Welles, becoming so de facto when his own attainder and those of his brother and nephew were reversed by Act of Parliament 1485; Constable of Bolingbroke Castle and Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster lands in Lincolnshire 1485; Constable and Steward of Rockingham Castle, Master of the Game in Rockingham Forest, Steward of Richmond Fee, co. Lincoln, and of the the Lordship and Manor of Holderness 1485; Knight of the Garter 1486; granted the lands forfeited by Lord Lovel and others 1488; granted the castles of Caerleon and Usk for life 1490; took part in the Boulogne expedition 1492; a Joint Commissioner to treat with the Duke of Burgundy 1495/6

 

On the death of Viscount Welles the Viscountcy of Welles became extinct and the Barony of Welles fell into abeyance between his four sisters of the half-blood or their issue.

 

Last updated 30 Jul 2014

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