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Balfour, Earl of (UK, 1922)


Creation: let. pat. 5 May 1922


Family name: Balfour




Argent on a Chevron engrailed between three Mullets Sable as many Otters' Heads erased of the first


A Palm Tree proper


On either side an Otter proper collared Or


Virtus Ad Arthera Tendit (Virtue strives towards heaven)



James Maitland Balfour

son of James Balfour, of Whittinghame, co. Berwick, and Strathcone, co. Ross (by his wife Lady Eleanor Maitland, 1st dau. of James [Maitland], 8th Earl of Lauderdale), 2nd son of John Balfour of Balbirnie


5 Jan 1820


15 Aug 1843 Lady Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoigne-Cecil (d. 16 May 1872), 2nd dau. of John Brownlow William [Cecil later Gascoyne-Cecil], 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, by his first wife Frances Mary Gascoyne, dau. and hrss. of Bamber Gascoyne, of Childwall Hall, co. Lancaster


1. Arthur James Balfour, later 1st Earl of Balfour

2. Cecil Charles Balfour (b. 22 Oct 1849; d. 5 Apr 1881

3. Prof Francis Maitland Balfour (b. 10 Nov 1851; d. 19 Jul 1882)

4. Gerald William Balfour, later 2nd Earl of Balfour

5. Col Eustace James Anthony Balfour (b. 8 Jun 1854; d. 14 Feb 1911), mar. 12 May 1879 Lady Frances Campbell (b. 22 Feb 1858; d. 25 Feb 1931), 5th dau. of George Douglas [Campbell], 8th Duke of Argyll, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 1st dau. of George Granville [Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 2nd Duke of Sutherland, and had issue:

1a. Lt Col Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour CIE CVO CBE MC, Governor of Red Sea Province, Sudan 1927-28 and Mongalla Province, Sudan 1929-31 (b. 8 Dec 1884; d. 16 Apr 1965), mar. 31 Aug 1920 Hon Phyllis Evelyn Goschen, Lady in Waiting to HRH the Princess Royal 1948-65 (b. 5 Aug 1895; d. 7 May 1976), 1st dau. of George Joachim [Goschen], 2nd Viscount Goschen, by his wife Lady Margaret Evelyn Gathorne-Hardy, 2nd dau. of Gathorne [Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy], 1st Earl of Cranbrook, and had issue:

1b. Capt Eustace Arthur Goschen Balfour (b. 26 May 1921; d. 30 Dec 2000), mar. (1) 28 Sep 1946 (div. 1971) Anne Yule, dau. of Maj Victor Yule, and has issue:

1c. Roderick Francis Arthur Balfour, later 5th Earl of Balfour

2c. Hon Charles George Yule Balfour, heir presumptive to the Earldom of Balfour, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 2004 (b. 23 Apr 1951), mar. (1) 1978 Audrey Margaret Hoare, dau. of Henry Peregrine Rennie Hoare, of Stourton, co. Wiltshire, and (2) 1987 Countess Svea Maria Cecily Lucrezia von Goess, 1st dau. of Count Ernst Friedrich von Goess, of Staupitzhof, Austria, and has issue by his second wife:

1d. George Eustace Charles Balfour (b. 1990)

1d. Eleanor Cecily Isabella Balfour (b. 1989)

Capt Eustace Balfour mar. (2) 1971 Paula Susan Cuene-Grandidier, dau. of John Maurice Davis MBE

1b. Janet Christine Goschen Balfour (b. 8 Nov 1923; d. 18 Mar 1970), mar. 22 Jul 1944 (div. 1962) as his first wife her third cousin George Edward Charles [Hardinge], 3rd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, and had issue

2a. Lt Col Oswald Herbert Campbell Balfour CMG OBE, Military Secretary to Governor-General of Canada 1921-23 (b. 1894; d. 16 Oct 1953)

1a. Blanche Elizabeth Balfour (d. 16 May 1948), mar. 18 Nov 1902 as his first wife Capt Edgar Trevelyan Stratford Dugdale (d. 14 Oct 1964), younger brother of Sir William Francis Stratford Dugdale, 1st Bt., and 2nd son of William Stratford Dugdale, of Merevale Hall, co. Warwick, and had issue

2a. Joan Eleanor Campbell Balfour (d. 10 May 1939), mar. 11 Mar 1915 Maj Hon Edward Cecil Lascelles DSO MC (b. 28 Jul 1887; d. 18 Aug 1935), 2nd son of Henry Ulick [Lascelles], 5th Earl of Harewood

3a. Alison Catherine Campbell Balfour (d. 3 Sep 1955), mar. 20 Apr 1913 Lt Col Arthur Dawson Milne CMG (d. 12 Feb 1955), son of Very Rev A J Milne, Minister of Fyvie, and had issue

1. Eleanor Mildred Balfour, Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge (d. 10 Feb 1936), mar. 1876 Prof Henry Sidgwick (d. 28 Aug 1900)

2. Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour (d. 7 Apr 1834), mar. 19 Jul 1871 John William [Strutt], 3rd Baron Rayleigh, and had issue

3. Alice Blanche Balfour (d. 12 Jun 1936)


23 Feb 1856

suc. by



Arthur James [Balfour], 1st Earl of Balfour, KG OM PC


25 Jul 1848


19 Mar 1930


5 May 1922 Viscount Traprain, of Whittinghame in the County of East Lothian, and Earl of Balfour, with remainder in default of male issue to his brother, Rt Hon Gerald William Balfour, and the heirs male of his body, failing which to his nephew, Lt Col Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour CIE CBE MC, and the heirs male of his body, failing which to his nephew, Oswald Herbert Campbell Balfour CMG, and the heirs male of his body

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Hertford 1874-85, for East Manchester 1885-1906 and for the City of London 1906-22; Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary 1878-80; on Lord Beaconsfield's Special Mission to Berlin 1878; President, Local Government Board 1885-86; Privy Councillor 1885; Secretary of State for Scotland with a seat in Cabinet 1886-87; Vice-President, Committee of the Council of Education for Scotland 1886-87; Lord Rector of St Andrew's University 1886; Chief Secretary for Ireland 1887-91; Privy Councillor [I] 1897; Member of the Gold and Silver Commission 1887-88; Member of the Senate of London University 1887; Lord Rector of Glasgow University 1890; Chancellor of Edinburgh University 1891; First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the House of Commons 1891-92 and 1895-1905; Leader of the Opposition 1892-95 and 1906-11; Prime Minister 1902-05;  Lord Privy Seal 1902-03;  President, British Association 1904; First Lord of the Admiralty 1915-16; Order of Merit 1916; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1916-19;  Head of the British Mission to the USA 1917; Lord President of the Council 1919-22 and 1924-29; Chancellor of Cambridge University 1919; British Delegate to the Paris Peace Conference 1919; British Representative on the League of Nations 1920-22; Head of British Mission to the Washington Conference 1921; President, British Academy 1921; Knight of the Garter 1922; an Elder Brother of the Trinity House; Freeman of Birmingham 1922; Chairman, Medical Research Council 1924; President, St Mary's Hospital 1925


Gerald William [Balfour], 2nd Earl of Balfour, PC


9 Apr 1853


21 Dec 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Bulwer-Lytton (b. 12 Jun 1867; d. 28 Mar 1942), 1st dau. of Edward Robert Lytton [Bulwer-Lytton], 1st Earl of Lytton, by his wife Edith Villiers, 2nd dau. of Hon Edward Ernest Villiers (by his wife Hon Elizabeth Charlotte Liddell, 5th dau. of Thomas Henry [Liddell], 1st Baron Ravensworth), yr. bro. of George William [Villiers], 4th Earl of Clarendon


1. Hon Robert Arthur Lytton Balfour, later 3rd Earl of Balfour

1. Lady Ruth Balfour CBE (d. 30 Aug 1967), mar. 26 Dec 1914 Brig Edward William Sturgis Balfour of Balbirnie CVO DSO OBE MC DL (d. 23 Dec 1955), and had issue

2. Lady Eleanor Balfour (d. 1980), mar. 7 Dec 1917 Hon Galbraith Lowry Egerton Cole (d. 6 Oct 1929), 3rd son of Lowry Egerton [Cole], 4th Earl of Enniskillen, and had issue

3. Lady Mary Edith Balfour (b. 21 Jan 1894; d. 1980)

4. Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour OBE (b. 16 Jul 1898)

5. Lady Kathleen Constance Blanche Balfour (b. 1912; d. 20 Aug 1996), mar. 23 Aug 1933 Prof Richard Charles Oldfield (d. 27 Aug 1972), son of Sir Francis du Pre Oldfield, and had issue


14 Jan 1945

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Leeds Central 1885-1906; Private Secretary to his brother 1885-86; Chief Secretary for Ireland 1885-1900; Privy Councillor [I] 1895; President of the Board of Trade 1900-05; Privy Councillor 1900; President, Local Government Board 1905-06; Chairman, Commission on lighthouse Administration 1908; Chairman, Cambridge Committee of Oxford and Cambridge Universities Commission


Robert Arthur Lytton [Balfour], 3rd Earl of Balfour


31 Dec 1902


12 Feb 1925 Jean Lily Cooke-Yarborough (d. 1981), 4th dau. of Rev Canon John James Cooke-Yarborough, Rector of Puttenham, co. Surrey, by his wife Emily Foster, dau. of Richard Foster, of Homewood, Chislehurst, co. Kent


1. Hon Gerald Arthur James Balfour, later 4th Earl of Balfour

2. Hon Andrew Maitland Balfour (b. 16 Sep 1936; dvp. 27 Apr 1948)

1. Lady Evelyn Jean Blanche Balfour (b. 22 Mar 1929), mar. 11 Dec 1948 Michael William Brander, and has issue

2. Lady Alison Emily Balfour (b. 16 Nov 1934), mar. 8 May 1963 Thomas Kremer, of Whitworthy Barton, Honiton, co. Devon, son of Bernard Kremer, of Budapest, Hungary, and has issue


28 Nov 1968

suc. by



Gerald Arthur James [Balfour], 4th Earl of Balfour


23 Dec 1925


14 Dec 1956 Natasha Georgina Lousada (former wife of J C Lousada;  d. 22 Sep 1994), dau. of Capt George Anton, of Archangel, North Russia


s.p. 27 Jun 2003

suc. by

second cousin once removed


Roderick Francis Arthur [Balfour], 5th Earl of Balfour


9 Dec 1948


14 Jul 1971 Lady Tessa Mary Isabel Fitzalan-Howard (b. 30 Sep 1950), 1st dau. of Miles Francis Stapleton [Fitzalan-Howard], 17th Duke of Norfolk, by his wife Anne Mary Teresa Constable-Maxwell, 1st dau. of W/Cdr Gerald Joseph Constable-Maxwell MC DFC


1d. Lady Willa Anne Balfour (b. 1973), mar. 17 May 1997 George William Franks, yst. son of Anthony Franks, of Beckett's Grove, Matfield, co. Kent, and has issue

2d. Lady Kinvara Clare Rachel Balfour (b. 1975)

3d. Lady Maria Alice Jubilee Balfour (b. 1977), mar. Charles C Wigan, 1st son of Michael Wigan, of Wivelrod, co. Hampshire, by his wife Mrs John Loudon, of Pusey, co. Oxford, and has issue

4d. Lady Candida Rose Balfour (b. 1984)


The heir presumptive to the Earldom of Balfour is Hon Charles George Yule Balfour, younger brother of the present Earl.


 Last updated 13 Jul 2010




5th Earl of Balfour

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 5 May 1922)

5th Viscount Traprain, of Whittinghame in the County of East Lothian

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 5 May 1922)



Whittinghame Tower, Haddington, East Lothian EH41 4QA

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