Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage


Long ago I decided that if at all possible Cracroft's Peerage should be a web-based genealogical resource that is free to all users. However, it costs over 1,000 a month to keep Cracroft's Peerage going.  The harsh reality is that over the years I have paid out a lot of my own money to fund the website as well as carrying out field visits for on-site research and acting as an unpaid knowledge expert.  There will shortly come a time when I will be forced to consider closing down Cracroft's Peerage due to dwindling resources.  If this happens then an awful lot of dedicated hard work will be lost to you.  So, if your visit has been worthwhile or has been of professional benefit, then please consider making a donation, however small, to The Peerage Research Trust. This is the charitable side of Cracroft's Peerage and exists to sponsor academic research into peerage and related matters as well as to raise funds so that I can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage. To make a donation, please click on the "Donate" button below.

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Untitled Families


There are a number of families who, although they do not hold a peerage or a baronetage themselves, provide very important genealogical links between peerage and baronetage families. They often provide the link to a royal descent or a famous connection.


Campbell of Shawfield, Islay and Skipness

This branch of the great Campbell Clan is significant for various marriage alliances it might in a comparatively short period of time between 1726, when Daniel Campbell bought the Isle of Islay, and 1853, when his great-great-grandson had to sell the island due to financial difficulties . The most important of these marriages was that of Col John Campbell MP, 4th of Islay, with his distant cousin Lady Charlotte Campbell, second daughter of the 5th Duke of Argyll.


Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, co. York

The Gascoignes were for a time a prominent family in West Yorkshire. Gawthorpe Hall was very near the site of the present-day Harewood House, the home of the Earls of Harewood. Three generations of the Gascoignes married into the Neville and Percy families, the two leading families in the North of England, thereby providing their descendants, not least Catherine Middleton, with a number of descents from King Edward III and the earlier Plantagenet and Norman kings. Some of the Gascoigne descendants settled in New England, and were the ancestors of many prominent Americans, including General George Washington, the First President of the United States.


Spencer (pre 1603)

The first Spencer to own Althorp, still the seat of the Earls Spencer, was Sir John Spencer, the archetypal self-made man of the Tudor period. The genealogy of the Spencer family prior to 1603, when Sir Robert Spencer was ennobled as the 1st Baron Spencer, is interesting on two counts: firstly, it shows two more connections with General George Washington, the First President of the United States, who descended from the Washington family of Sulgrave Manor, co. Northampton, which is situated only a short distance from Althorp, and secondly it gives a good example of the venality of the Tudor-period heralds "in providing a family, when it had acquired wealth, with arms to which it is not entitled, on the strength of a pedigree concocted for the purpose".


Last updated 3 Jul 2012



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