Cracroft's Peerage
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Chandos, Duke of (GB, 1719 - 1789)


Creation: let. pat. 29 Apr 1719


Extinct: 29 Sep 1789


Family name: Brydges




Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Argent on a Cross Sable a Leopard's Face Or  (Brydges); 2nd and 3rd, Argent a Pile issuing from the chief Gules  (Chandos)


The Bust of an Old Man side-faced proper wreathed about the temples Argent and Azure vested paly of the second and Gules and semée of Roundels counterchanged on his head a Cap Or lined with white fur


On either side an Otter Argent


Maintien Le Droit



James [Brydges], 9th Baron Chandos later 1st Earl of Carnarvon later 1st Duke of Chandos, PC

1st son and heir of James [Brydges], 8th Baron Chandos, by his wife Elizabeth Barnard, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Henry Barnard, of London and of Bridgnorth, co. Salop


6 Jan 1673/4

mar. (1)

27 Feb 1695/6 Mary Lake (bapt. 18 Jul 1668;  d. 15 Dec 1712), dau. and event. sole hrss. of Sir Thomas Lake, of Canons in Whitchurch, co. Middlesex, by his wife Rebecca Langham, dau. of Alderman Sir John Langham, 1st Bt., Sheriff of London 1642

children by first wife

1. Lord John Brydges, styled Marquess of Carnarvon (b. 1703;  dvp. 8 Apr 1727), Member of Parliament (Whig) for Steyning 1725/6-27, mar. 1 Sep 1724 Lady Catherine Tollemache (d. 17 Jan 1754), 2nd dau. of Lionel [Tollemache], 3rd Earl of Dysart, by his wife Grace Wilbraham, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 3rd Bt., of Woodhey, co. Chester, and had issue:

1a. Lady Catherine Brydges, mar. (1) William Berkeley Lyon, and (2) 9 Aug 1753 Evelyn Francis Stanhope, of Stanwell House, co. Middlesex (d. 16 May 1807), and had issue by her second husband

2a. Lady Jane Brydges, mar. her cousin James Brydges, of Pinner. co. Middlesex (dsp. 1789)

2. Lord Henry Brydges, later 2nd Duke of Chandos

mar. (2)

4 Aug 1713 his second cousin Cassandra Willoughby (dsp. 16 Jul 1735), sister of Thomas [Willoughby], 1st Baron Middleton, and only dau. of Francis Willoughby, of Wollaton, co. Nottingham, by his wife Emma Barnard, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Francis Barnard, of London and Bridgnorth, co. Salop

mar. (3)

18 Aug 1736 Lydia Catherine Davall (widow of Sir Thomas Davall, of Ramsey, co. Essex), dau. of John van Hattan, by his wife Lydia Davall, dau. of Thomas Davall


9 Aug 1744


19 Oct 1714 Viscount Wilton and Earl of Carnarvon, with a special remainder failing the heirs male of his body to those of his father

29 Apr 1719 Marquess of Carnarvon and Duke of Chandos

suc. by

son by first wife


Member of Parliament for Hereford 1698-1714;  a member of the Lord High Admiral's Council 1703-05;  Paymaster General of the Forces abroad 1705-13;  suc. his father 16 Oct 1714 as 9th Baron Chandos;  Reversionary Clerk of the Hanaper 1714;  Governor of the Turkey Company 1718-36;  Privy Councillor 1721;  Governor of the Charterhouse; Lord Lieutenant of Herefordshire and Radnorshire 1721-42;  Chancellor of the University of St Andrew's 1724-44; Ranger of Enfield Chase;  a Governor of the Foundling Hospital 1739


Henry [Brydges], 2nd Duke of Chandos


1 Feb 1708

mar. (1)

21 Dec 1728 Lady Mary Bruce (d. 14 Aug 1738), 1st dau. and sole hrss. in her issue of Charles [Bruce], 4th Earl of Elgin, by his first wife Lady Anne Savile, 1st dau. and cohrss. by his first wife of William [Savile], 2nd Marquess of Halifax

children by first wife:

1. Lord James Brydges, later 3rd Duke of Chandos

1. Lady Caroline Brydges, mar. 10 Mar 1755 her second cousin John Leigh, of Adlestrop, co. Gloucester, and Longborough, co. Gloucester (bapt. 7 Jul 1724; d. 31 Mar 1774), only son and heir of William Leigh, of Adlestrop and Longborough, by his wife Mary Lord, dau. of Robert Lord, of York Buildings, and had issue

mar. (2)

25 Dec 1744 Anne Jeffries, of St Marylebone, co. Middlesex, and Newbury, co. Berkshire (dspm. 12 Aug 1759), dau. of John Wells

child by second wife:

2. Lady Augusta Anne Brydges, mar. Henry John Kearney

mar. (3)

28 Jul 1767 Elizabeth Major (dsp. 30 Mar 1813), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir John Major, 1st Bt., of Worlingworth Hall, co. Suffolk, by his wife Elizabeth Dale, dau. of Daniel Dale, of Bridlington, co. York


28 Nov 1771

suc. by

son by first wife


Member of Parliament for Hereford 1727-34, for Steyning 1734-41 and for Bishop's Castle 1741-44;  first Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales 1728-35;  Knight of the Bath 1731/2;  Master of the Horse to the Prince of Wales 1735;  Grand Master of Freemasons 1738-39;  Groom of the Stole 1742-51;  Clerk of the Hanaper;  Ranger of Enfield Chase;  High Steward of Winchester 1754


James [Brydges], 3rd Duke of Chandos, PC


16 Dec 1731

mar. (1)

22 Mar 1753 Margaret Nicol (dsp. 14 Aug 1768), dau. and hrss. of John Nicol, of Minchenden House, Southgate, co. Middlesex, by his wife Margaret Keck, widow of John Keck, and dau. of Benjamin Poole, of London

mar. (2)

21 Jun 1777 Anne Eliza Elletson (widow of Roger Hope Elletson;  d. 20 Jun 1813), sister of Sir Richard Grace Gamon, 1st. Bt., and dau. of Richard Gamon, of Datchworthbury, co. Hertford, by his wife Elizabeth Grace, dau. of John Grace, of the Grange, Queen's County

only child by second wife:

1. Lady Anne Eliza Brydges, de jure Lady Kinloss (d. 15 May 1836), mar. 16 Apr 1796 Richard [Nugent-Temple-Grenville later Nugent-Temple-Chandos-Brydges-Temple], 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, and had issue


s.p.m. 29 Sep 1789


suc. his maternal grandfather 10 Feb 1746/7 as de jure 7th Lord Kinloss;  Ranger of Enfield Chase 1753;  Grand Master of Freemasons 1754-57;  Member of Parliament (Whig) for Winchester 1754-61 and for Radnorshire 1761-68;  a Lord of the Bedchamber 1760-64;  Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire 1763-64 and 1771-80;  High Steward of Winchester;  Privy Councillor 1775;  Lord Steward of the Household 1783-89


On the death of the 3rd Duke of Chandos all his peerages became extinct except for the Lordship of Kinloss, which passed to his only surviving daughter, Lady Anne Eliza Brydges.


Last updated 22 Feb 2010



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