Cracroft's Peerage
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Orford, Earl of (GB, 1742 - 1797)


Creation: let.pat. 6 Feb 1741/2


Extinct: 2 Mar 1797


Family name: Walpole




Or on a Fess between two Chevronels Sable three Cross Crosslets of the field


The Bust of a Man in profile couped at the shoulders proper ducally crowned Or from the coronet flowing a Long Cap turned forwards Gules tasselled and charged with a Catherine Wheel Or


Dexter:  an Antelope; Sinister:  a Stag, both Argent attired proper unguled Or each gorged with a Collar chequy of the last and Azure chained Gold


 Fari Quae Sentiat



Col Robert Walpole MP

1st son and heir of Sir Edward Walpole MP, of Houghton, co. Norfolk, by his wife Susan Crane, 3rd dau. of Sir Robert Crane, 1st Bt., of Chilton, co. Suffolk


c. 1650


Mary Burwell, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Geoffrey Burwell, of Rougham, co. Suffolk


1. Rt Hon Sir Robert Walpole KG MP, later 1st Earl of Orford

2. Rt Hon Horatio Walpole MP, later 1st Baron Walpole

3. Galfridus Walpole

1. Mary Walpole, mar. Sir Charles Turner, of Warham, co. Norfolk

2. Dorothy Walpole (d. 29 Mar 1728). mar. bef. 25 Jul 1713 as his second wife Charles [Townshend], 2nd Viscount Townshend, and had issue

3. Susan Walpole, mar. Anthony Hamond, of Wotton, co. Norfolk (d. 7 Feb 1743), and had issue


18 Nov 1700


Member of Parliament for Castle Rising 1689-1700


Robert [Walpole], 1st Earl of Orford, KG PC


26 Aug 1676

mar. (1)

30 Jul 1700 Catherine Shorter (b. c. 1682; d. 20 Aug 1737), 1st dau. of John Shorter, of Bybrook, co. Kent (by his wife Elizabeth Phillipps, dau. of Sir Erasmus Phillipps, 3rd Bt., of Picton, co. Pembroke), only son of Sir John Shorter, Lord Mayor of London 1687-88

children by first wife

1. Hon Robert Walpole, later 1st Baron Walpole later 2nd Earl of Orford

2. Rt Hon Sir Edward Walpole KB MP, Chief Secretary of Ireland (dsp. legit.)

3. Hon Horace Walpole, later 4th Earl of Orford

1. Lady Katherine Walpole (d. unm.)

2. Lady Mary Walpole (b. c. 1706; d. 2 Jan 1731/2), mar. 14 Sep 1723 George [Cholmondeley], 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley, and had issue

mar. (2)

bef. 3 Mar 1737/8 his mistress Maria Skerrett (d. 4 Jun 1738), only child of Thomas Skerrett, of Hanover Square, London

children by second wife

3. Lady Maria Walpole (b. illegit. c. 1723; legitimated by Royal Warrant), mar. Col Charles Churchill, and had issue


18 Mar 1744/5


6 Feb 1741/2 Baron of Houghton, in the County of Norfolk, Viscount Walpole and Earl of Orford

suc. by

son by first wife


Member of Parliament for Castle Rising 1701-02 and for King's Lynn 1702-42; one of the Council of the Lord High Admiral 1705-08; Secretary at War 1708-10; Treasurer of the Navy 1710-11 (imprisoned in the Tower of London 1712 on a charge of "notorious corruption" and expelled from the House of Commons until 1713); Privy Councillor 1714; Paymaster of the Forces 1714-15 and 1720-21; Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1715-17 and 1721-41/2; a Lord Justice (Regent) of the Realm and Secretary of State 1723; Knight of the Bath 1725-26; Knight of the Garter 1726; High Steward of Yarmouth 1733-44/5 and of King's Lynn 1738-44/5; on his retirement from the Premiership he was awarded a pension of 4,000 a year


Robert [Walpole], 1st Baron Walpole later 2nd Earl of Orford


c. 1701


c. 26 Mar 1724 Margaret Rolle, suo jure Baroness Clinton (b. 17 Jan 1709 ; mar. (2) 25 May 1751 Hon Sewallis Shirley, 2nd son by his second wife of Robert [Shirley], 1st Earl Ferrers; d. 13 Jan 1781), dau. and hrss. of Samuel Rolle, of Hainton Satchville, co. Devon (by his wife Margaret Tuckfield, dau. of Roger Tuckfield, of Haddon Court, co. Devon), 1st son of Robert Rolle, of Hainton Satchville, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Arabella Clinton, 2nd dau. of Theophilus [Clinton], 4th Earl of Lincoln and 12th Baron Clinton


1. Hon George Walpole, later 3rd Earl of Orford

1. Lady Catherine Walpole, mar. Henry Lawes Long, of Hampton Lodge, co. Surrey, and had issue


31 Mar 1751


v.p. 1 Jun 1723 Baron Walpole, of Walpole in the County of Norfolk, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his brothers, Edward and Horatio, and to his father, Robert Walpole, in like manner, with remainder finally to the heirs male of the body of his grandfather, Robert Walpole, dec'd

suc. by



Clerk of the Pells in the Exchequer 1721-39; Knight of the Bath 1725; Ranger of Richmond Park 1725; Lord Lieutenant of Devon 1733-51; Master of the Harriers and Foxhounds 1738; Auditor of the Exchequer 1739-51; High Steward of Yarmouth and of King's Lynn 1745-51


George [Walpole], 3rd Earl of Orford


2 Apr 1730


5 Dec 1791

suc. by



High Steward of Yarmouth and of King's Lynn 1751-91; a Lord of the Bedchamber (Whig) 1755-82; Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk 1757-91; Col of the Norfolk Militia 1758-91; Ranger of St James's Park 1763-91 and of Hyde Park 1763-83; suc. his mother 13 Jan 1781 as 16th Baron Clinton; on his death the Barony of Clinton passed to his third cousin, Robert George William Trefussis


Horatio [Walpole], 4th Earl of Orford


5 Oct 1717


2 Mar 1797


Inspector General of Exports and Imports 1737-37/8; Chief Usher of the Exchequer, Clerk of Estreats and Comptroller of the Pipe 1738-97; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Callington 1741-54, for Castle Rising 1754-57 and for King's Lynn 1757-68


In the death of the 4th Earl of Orford the titles created in 1742 became extinct but the Barony of Walpole (of Walpole) created in 1723 passed to his cousin and heir male, Horatio [Walpole], 2nd Baron Walpole (of Wolterton) later 1st Earl of Orford (created 1806).


First written 5 Jun 2003



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