Cracroft's Peerage
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Wharton, Duke of (GB, 1717/8 - 1729)


Creation: let.pat. 128 Jun 1717/8


Forfeited: 3 Apr 1729


Family name: Wharton




Sable a Maunch Argent on a Bordure Or eight Pairs of Lion's Gambs in saltire erased Gules


1st:  A Moor kneeling in Coat of Mail all proper ducally crowned Or stabbing himself with a Sword of the first hilted and pommelled Gold;  2nd:  A Bull's Head erased Argent attired Or ducally gorged per pale Gules and Gold


Dexter:  A Bull Argent ducally gorged per pale Or and Gules the dexter Horn of the last the sinister Gold;  Sinister:  A Lion Gules fretty Or



Philip [Wharton], 2nd Marquess of Wharton later 1st Duke of Wharton, PC

only son and heir of Thomas [Wharton], 1st Marquess of Wharton, by his second wife Hon Lucy Loftus, only surv. dau. and hrss. of Adam [Loftus], 1st Viscount Lisburne


21 Dec 1698

mar. (1)

2 Mar 1714/5 Martha Holmes (d. 14 Apr 1726), dau. of Maj Gen Richard Holmes

only child by first wife

1. Lord Thomas Wharton, styled Marquess of Malmesbury (b. 7 Mar 1718/9; dvp. 1 Mar 1719/20)

mar. (2)

22 Jul 1726 Maria Theresa O'Neill O'Beirne, Maid of Honour to the Queen of Spain (d. 13 Feb 1777), dau. of Col Henry O'Beirne, by his wife Henrietta O'Neill, dau. of Henry O'Neill


s.p.m.s. 31 May 1731


28 Jan 1717/8 Duke of Wharton


suc. his father 12 Apr 1715 a 2nd Marquess of Wharton; visited the titular King James III at Avignon and was cr. 22 Dec 1716 Viscount Winchendon, Earl of Malmesbury, Marquess of Woburn and Duke of Northumberland; Privy Councillor [I] 1717-26; Grandmaster of English Freemasons 1722-23; joined the titular King James III 1725 and created Knight of the Garter by him in 1726; fought with the Spanish at the Siege of Gibraltar 1727; outlawed, though informally and irregularly, for high treason 1729 and all his honours and remaining estates in England were forfeited


Although it was sometime after the event, the outlawry and forfeiture were reversed by Writ of Error in the Queen's Bench on 3 May 1845. See Baron Wharton for comments on the descent of the Barony of Wharton.




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