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Bute, Earl of (S, 1703)


Creation: let. pat. 14 Apr 1703


Family name: Stuart




See Marquess of Bute



James [Stuart], 1st Earl of Bute, PC

1st son and heir of Sir Dugald Stuart, 2nd Bt., by his wife Elizabeth Ruthven, dau. of Maj Gen Sir John Ruthven of Dunglass, by his second wife Lady Barbara Leslie, 4th dau. of Alexander [Leslie], 1st Earl of Leven


mar. (1)

24 Jul 1680 Agnes Mackenzie (b. 2 Jan 1663; bur. 16 Jul 1696), 1st dau. of Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, Lord Advocate, by his first wife Elizabeth Dickson, dau. of John Dickson of Hartree, a Lord of Session

children by first wife

1. Hon James Stuart, later 2nd Earl of Bute

1. Lady Margaret Stuart (d. 27 Apr 1738), mar. Jan 1697 John [Crawford later Lindsay-Crawford], 1st Viscount of Garnock, and had issue

mar. (2)

Christian Dundas (d. 25 May 1740), dau. and cohrss. of William Dundas of Kincavil

only child by second wife

2. Hon John Stuart (b. 6 Sep 1700; d. Dec 1738)


4 Jun 1710


14 Apr 1703 Lord Mount Stuart, Cumra and Inchmarnock, Viscount Kingarth and Earl of Bute, to him and his heirs male whatsoever

suc. by

son by first wife


suc. his father 1670 as 3rd Baronet of Bute;  Sheriff of Tarbet 1684, and of Argyllshire 1686;  Member of Parliament for the County of Bute 1685-93 and 1702-03;  Privy Councillor [S]


James [Stuart], 2nd Earl of Bute



19 Feb 1711 Lady Anne Campbell (mar. (2) 19 Sep 1731 Alexander Fraser of Stricken, a Lord of Session;  d. 20 Oct 1736), only dau. of Archibald [Campbell], 1st Duke of Argyll, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Tollemache, 1st dau. of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Bt., of Helmingham, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Murray, suo jure Countess of Dysart, 1st dau. and cohrss. of William [Murray], 1st Earl of Dysart


1. Hon John Stuart, later 3rd Earl of Bute

2. Rt Hon James Stuart later Stuart-Mackenzie of Rosehaugh MP, Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland 1763 (dsps. Dec 1749), mar. 16 Feb 1749 his cousin Lady Elizabeth Campbell (dsps. 16 Jul 1799), 4th dau of John [Campbell], 2nd Duke of Argyll, by his second wife Jane Warburton, dau. of Thomas Warburton, of Winnington, co. Chester

3. Hon Archibald Stuart

1. Lady Mary Stuart (dsp. 30 Dec 1773), mar. 31 Oct 1729 Sir Robert Menzies of that Ilk, Bt.

2. Lady Elizabeth Stuart (b. 6 Mar 1717)

3. Lady Anne Stuart (d. 26 Nov 1786), mar. as his second wife James [Johnstone later Ruthven], 5th Lord Ruthven, and had issue

4. Lady Jean Stuart (d. 24 Jan 1802), mar. William Courtenay, and had issue

5. Lady Grace Stuart (d. 5 Jun 1783), mar. John Campbell of Stonefield, a Lord of Session with the title of Lord Stonefield, and had issue


28 Jan 1722/3

suc. by



a Representative Peer 1715-23;  Lord Lieutenant of Co. Bute 1715-23;  a Lord of the Bedchamber 1721-23


John [Stuart], 3rd Earl of Bute, KG PC


25 May 1713


13/24 Aug 1736 Mary Wortley-Montagu (cr. 3 Apr 1761 Baroness Mount Stuart, of Wortley in the County of York, with remainder to her male issue by her husband, the Earl of Bute;  b. Feb 1718; d. 6 Nov 1794), only dau. of Edward Wortley-Montagu, of Wortley, co. York, Ambassador at Constantinople (by his wife Lady Mary Pierrepont, 1st dau. by his first wife of Evelyn [Pierrepont], 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull), only son of Hon Sidney Montagu later Wortley-Montagu MP (by his wife Anne Wortley, illegit. dau. and hrss. of Sir Francis Wortley, 2nd Bt., of Wortley, co. York), 2nd son of Edward [Montagu], 1st Earl of Sandwich


1. Hon John Stuart, later 1st Baron Cardiff later 4th Earl of Bute later 1st Marquess of Bute

2. Lt Col Hon James Archibald Stuart later Stuart-Wortley later Stuart Wortley-Mackenzie of Rosehaugh (b. 19 Sep 1747; d. 1 Mar 1818), mar. 8 Jun 1767 Margaret Conyngham, dau. of Sir David Cunynghame of Milncraig, Bt., and had issue

3. Hon Frederick Stuart, Member of Parliament for Ayr Burghs 1776-80 and Buteshire 1796-1802 (b. Sep 1751; d. 17 May 1802)

4. Lt Gen Hon Sir Charles Stuart KB, Governor of Minorca (b. Jan 1753; d. 25 May 1801), mar. 19 Apr 1778 Louisa Bertie, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Lord Vere Bertie (by his wife Ann Casey, illegit. dau. of Sir Cecil Wray, 11th Bt.), 1st son of Robert [Bertie], 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, by his second wife Albinia Farrington, dau. of Maj Gen William Farrington, of Chislehurst, co. Kent, and had issue

5. Most Rev Hon William Stuart DD, Archbishop of Armagh (b. Mar 1755; d. 6 Mar 1822), mar. 3 May 1796 Sophia Margaret Juliana Penn (d. Apr 1847), dau. of Thomas Penn, of Stoke Poges, co. Bedford, and had issue

1. Lady Mary Stuart (b. 20 Jan 1740; dsp. 5 Apr 1824), mar. 7 Sep 1761 James [Lowther], 1st Earl of Lonsdale

2. Lady Jane Stuart (b. Apr 1742; dsp. 28 Feb 1828), mar. 1 Feb 1768 George [Macartney], 1st Earl Macartney

3. Lady Anne Stuart (b. Aug 1746; dsp.), mar. (1) 2 Jul 1764 as his first wife (div. by Act of Parliament 16 Mar 1779) Hugh [Percy], 2nd Duke of Northumberland, and (2) Baron von Poellnitz, Chamberlain to the King of Prussia

4. Lady Augusta Stuart (d. 1778), mar. Capt Andrew Corbet, and had issue

5. Lady Caroline Stuart (b. May 1750; d. 20 Jan 1813), mar. 1 Jan 1778 James [Dawson], 1st Earl of Portarlington, and had issue

6. Lady Louisa Stuart (b. c. 1757; d. 4 Aug 1851)


10 Mar 1792

suc. by



a Representative Peer 1737-41 and 1761-80;  Knight of the Thistle 1738;  Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales 1750-51;  Groom of the Stole to George, Prince of Wales 1756-60, and again to him when King 1760-61;  Privy Councillor 1760;  Secretary of State for the North 1761-62;  Chancellor of Marischal College 1761-92;  Ranger of Richmond Park 1761-92;  Knight of the Garter 1762 (having previously resigned the Order of the Thistle);  First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1762-63;  Vice Admiral of Bute 1764-76;  Trustee of the British Museum 1765-92


John [Stuart], 1st Baron Cardiff later 4th Earl of Bute later 1st Marquess of Bute, PC


v.p. 20 May 1776 Baron Cardiff, of Cardiff Castle

21 Feb 1796 Viscount Mountjoy, of the Isle of Wight, Earl of Windsor, and Marquess of Bute


The Earldom of Bute has been held by the Marquesses of Bute since 21 Feb 1796.


 Last updated 9 Jul 2003



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