Cracroft's Peerage
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Cambridge, Duke of (UK, 1801 - 1904)


Creation: let.pat. 27 Nov 1801


Extinct: 17 Mar 1904


Family name:




The Royal Arms as borne by HM King George III but without the Inescutcheon on the Arms of Hanover differenced by a Label of three points Argent the centre point charged with a Cross and each of the other points with two Hearts in pale Gules


On a Coronet of four Crosses Patty alternated with four Fleurs-de-Lis a Lion statant guardant Or crowned with a like Coronet and differenced by a Label as in the Arms


Same as in the Royal Arms borne by HM King George III differenced by a like Coronet and Label


Note: These are the differenced version of the Royal Arms assigned by Royal Warrant to the 1st Duke of Cambridge. In 1835 Prince George of Cambridge was assigned the same arms as his father, but below the label another label was added of three points Argent. The crest and supporters are similarly charged on the breast with both labels. Both the daughters of the 1st Duke of Cambridge were assigned their father's arms by Royal Warrant.



HRH Prince Adolphus Frederick, 1st Duke of Cambridge, KG GCB GCMG GCH PC

7th son of King George III by his wife HRH Princess Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dau. of HRH Charles Louis Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz


24 Feb 1774


7 May 1818 Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Cassel (b. 25 Jul 1797; d. 6 Apr 1889), 3rd dau. of Frederick III, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, by his wife Caroline Polyxena of Nassau-Usingen, dau. of Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen


1. HRH Prince George William Frederick Charles of Cambridge, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, later 2nd Duke of Cambridge

1. HRH Princess Augusta Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louise of Cambridge CI, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 19 Jul 1822; d. 5 Dec 1916), mar. 28 Jun 1843 HGDH Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and had issue

2. HRH Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth of Cambridge CI, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 27 Nov 1833; d. 27 Oct 1897), mar. 12 Jun 1866 Maj Gen HH Prince Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander, 1st Duke of Teck GCB GCVO (b. 1837; d. 1900), only son of HRH Duke Alexander of Württemberg by his wife Claudine, Countess Rhedey, and had issue:

1a. HH Prince Adolphus Charles Alexander Albert Edward George Philip Louis Ladislas of Teck, later 2nd Duke of Teck later 1st Marquess of Cambridge

2a. Maj HH Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck GCVO DSO (b. 9 Jan 1870; d. 22 Oct 1910)

3a. HH Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George of Teck, later 1st Earl of Athlone

1a. HH Princess Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudia Agnes of Teck KG GCSI VA CI GCVO GBE (b. 26 May 1867; d. 24 Mar 1953), mar. 6 Jul 1893 her third cousin once removed HRH Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, 1st Duke of York (later HM King George V), 1st surv. son of HM King Edward VII by his wife HRH Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julie of Denmark, 1st dau. of Christian IX, King of Denmark, and had issue


17 Jul 1850


27 Nov 1801 Baron of Culloden, Earl of Tipperary and Duke of Cambridge

suc. by



Col in the Hanoverian Army 1793, Lt Gen 1798, Gen, British Army, 1808 and Field Marshal 1813; Knight of the Garter 1786; Privy Councillor 1802; Chancellor of the University of St Andrews 1811-14; GCB 1815; GCH 1815; Viceroy of Hanover 1816-37; GCMG and Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George 1825; Ranger of Richmond Park 1835-50; Ranger of St James's and Hyde Parks 1843-50; Warden of the New Forest 1845-50; Royal Trustee of the British Museum 1847-50


HRH Prince George William Frederick Charles, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, KG KT KP GCB GCSI GCMG GCH GCIE GCVO PC


26 Mar 1819


8 Jan 1847 in contravention of the Royal Marriage Act 1772 Sarah (Louisa) Fairbrother (b. 1816; known after her marriage as "Mrs FitzGeorge"; d. 12 Jan 1890), 5th dau. of Robert Fairbrother, by his wife ..... Freeman, dau. of Thomas Freeman, of Wylcot, Shrewsbury

children (not in succession to the Dukedom of Cambridge)

1. Col George William Adolphus FitzGeorge (b. 27 Aug 1843; d. 2 Sep 1907), mar. 28 Nov 1885 Rosa Frederick Arkwright (b. 9 Mar 1854; former wife of Frank Wigsell Arkwright, of Sanderstead Court, co. Surrey; d. 10 Mar 1927), dau. of William Henry Baring, of Norman Court, Dean, co. Hampshire, by his wife Elizabeth Hammersley, and had issue:

1a. Cmdr George William Frederick FitzGeorge RN (b. 12 Oct 1892; dsp. 13 Jun 1960), mar. (1) 1918 (div. 1927) Esther Vignon (b. 1888; d. c. 1935), and (2) 1934 (div. 1955) France Bellanger (b. 1911 ; d. 19...), dau. of Robert Bellanger

1a. Mabel Iris FitzGeorge (b. 23 Sep 1886; d. 13 Apr 1976), mar. (1) 12 Dec 1912 Robert Shekelton Balfour (b. 7 Mar 1869 ; d. 1 Nov 1942), son of Robert Balfour, of Stirling, and (2) 12 Aug 1945 as his second wife Prince Vladimir Emmanuelovitch Galitzine (b. 17 Jun 1884; d. 13 Jul 1954), son of Prince Emmanuel Vassilievitch Galitzine by his second wife Catherine Gordéeff, and had issue by her first husband

2a. George Daphné FitzGeorge (b. 23 Feb 1889 ; dsp. 1 Jun 1954), mar. 8 Dec 1915 (div. 1926) as his first wife Sir George Foster Earle CBE (b. 8 Feb 1890; d. 11 Dec 1965), son of John Hudson Earle

2. Rear Adm Sir Adolphus Augustus Frederick FitzGeorge KCVO RN (b. 30 Jan 1846; d. 17 Dec 1922), mar. (1) 21 Sep 1875 Sophia Jane Holden (b. 1857; d. 3 Feb 1920), dau. of Thomas Holden, of Winestead Hall, co. York, and (2) 28 Oct 1920 Margarita Beatrice Watson (b. 1863; d. 26 Feb 1934), dau. of John Watson, of Waresley Court, co. Worcester, and had issue by his first wife:

1a. Olga Mary Adelaide FitzGeorge (b. 11 Jun 1877 ; d. 15 Oct 1928). mar. (1) 18 Dec 1897 (div. 1902) Sir Charles Edward Archibald Watkin Hamilton, 5th and 3rd Bt. (b. 10 Dec 1876; d. 18 Mar 1939), and (2) 5 Jan 1905 S/Ldr Robert Charlton Lane RAF, of Glebe Manor, Havant, co. Hampshire (b. 26 Jan 1873; d. 23 May 1943), 1st son of Charles Thomas Lane, and had issue by both husbands

3. Col Sir Augustus Charles Frederick FitzGeorge KCVO CB (b. 12 Jun 1847; d. 30 Oct 1933)


s.p.legit. 17 Mar 1904


Col in the Army 1837, Major Gen 1845, Lt Gen 1854, Gen 1856, Gen Commanding in Chief 1856-62, Field Marshal Commanding in Chief 1862-87, Commander in Chief of the Army (by patent) 1887-95; Inspector General of Cavalry 1852-54; GCH 1825; Knight of the Garter 1835; GCMG 1845; Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George 1851-1904; Knight of St Patrick 1851; Ranger of St James's and Hyde Parks 1852-1904; GCB 1855; Privy Councillor [UK] 1856 and [I] 1868; Ranger of Richmond Park 1857-1904; GCSI 1877; Knight of the Thistle 1881; Personal ADC to the Queen 1882; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1884-1904; GCIE 1887; GCVO 1897


On the death of the 2nd Duke of Cambridge all his titles became extinct.


 Last updated 4 Jan 2004



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