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Churchill, Baron (UK, 1815)


Creation: let. pat. 11 Aug 1815


Family name: Spencer




Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Quarterly Argent and Gules in the second and third quarters a Fret Or over all on a Bend Sable three Escallops of the last (Spencer); 2nd and 3rd, Sable a Lion rampant Argent on a Canton of the last a Cross Gules (Churchill)


Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Griffin's Head between two Wings expanded Argent gorged with a Bar gemelle Gules


Dexter: A Griffin wings elevated per fess Argent and Or gorged with a Collar of the second charged with three Escallops Sable line reflexed over the back also Or; Sinister: A Wyvern wings elevated Gules gorged with a Collar Or charged with three Escallops Sable


Dieu Defend Le Droit (God defend the right)



Francis Almeric [Spencer], 1st Baron Churchill

2nd son of George [Spencer], 4th Duke of Marlborough, by his wife Lady Caroline Russell, only dau. by his second wife of John [Russell], 4th Duke of Bedford


26 Dec 1779


25 Nov 1800 Lady Frances FitzRoy (b. 1 Jun 1780; d. 7 Jan 1866), 4th dau. of Augustus Henry [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Grafton, by his second wife Elizabeth Wrottesley, dau. of Very Rev Sir Richard Wrottesley, 7th Bt., Dean of Worcester, by his wife Lady Mary Leveson-Gower, 1st dau. by his first wife of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Earl Gower


1. Hon Francis George Spencer, later 2nd Baron Churchill

2. Lt Col Hon George Augustus Spencer (b. 6 Feb 1804; d. 18 Jan 1877), mar. 17 Jan 1834 Charlotte Munro (d. 18 Jun 1875), only dau. of Maj Gen John Munro, of Teaninich, Alness, co. Ross, and had issue:

1a. Capt Almeric Ashley John Spencer (b. 2 Apr 1842; d. 16 Aug 1879)

2a. Lt Col John Winston Thomas Spencer later Munro-Spencer, of Teaninich, co. Ross  (b. 27 Sep 1849; d. 27 Nov 1916), mar. (1) 17 Jan 1884 Synolda Ellen Le Petit Butler (d. 4 Nov 1890), 2nd dau. of James William Fitzgerald Butler (by his wife Ada Gwynne, yst. dau. of Lawrence Gwynne LLD, of Cambrian, co. Devon), 1st son of Hon James Butler, of Lamberton Park, Queen's County (by his wife Emilia Mary Fitzgerald, only dau. of Sir William Fitzgerald, 2nd Bt., of Carrygoran, co. Clare), 5th son by his first wife of James [Butler], 13th Baron Dunboyne, and (2) 31 Oct 1899 Helen Ewing (d. 27 Mar 1919), dau. of Alexander Crum Ewing, of Strathleven, and had issue by his first wife:

1b. Capt Almeric Stuart John Munro-Spencer, of Teaninich, co. Ross (b. 26 Aug 1885; dspm. 16 Mar 1960), mar. 17 Jul 1912 (div. 1928) Phyllis Margaret Rivers (d. 1971), only child of Charles Richard Rivers Rivers, of Orrell Mount, Wigan, co. Lancaster, and 20 Palmeira Square, Brighton, co. Sussex, and had issue:

1c. Synolda Joan Margaret Munro-Spencer (b. 19 Jan 1914), mar. 27 Sep 1949 Capt Cecil Campbell Hardy DSO RN (d. 8 Dec 1963), and has issue

1a. Charlotte Frances Bona Spencer (dsp. 18 Jun 1919), mar. 8 Jan 1873 as his second wife her first half-cousin once removed Lt Col George FitzRoy, of Grafton Regis, co. Northampton (b. Jun 1800; d. 4 Jan 1883), 1st son of Gen Lord Charles FitzRoy (by his second wife Lady Frances Anne Stewart, 1st dau. by his second wife of Robert [Stewart], 1st Marquess of Londonderry), 2nd son of Augustus Henry [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Grafton, by his first wife Hon Anne Liddell, dau. and sole hrss. of Henry [Liddell], 1st Baron Ravensworth

2a. Fanny Isabella Catherine Spencer (d. 13 Mar 1900), mar. 17 Jul 1860 Lord Henry Vere Cholmondeley (b. 4 Oct 1834; d. 25 Feb 1882), 2nd son of William Henry Hugh [Cholmondeley], 3rd Marquess of Cholmondeley, by his wife and cousin Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot, dau. of Rt Hon Charles Arbuthnot, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and had issue

3a. Caroline Louisa Elizabeth Spencer (dsp. 30 Mar 1901), mar. 7 Jul 1860 Hon Charles Murray Hay Forbes of Brux (b. 13 Mar 1830; dsp. 17 May 1874), 3rd son of Walter [Forbes], 19th Lord Forbes, by his wife Horatia Shaw, 7th dau. of Sir John Gregory Shaw, 5th Bt., of Eltham, co. Kent

4a. Georgiana Millicent Julia Spencer (d. 16 Aug 1904)

3. Gen Hon Sir Augustus Almeric Spencer GCB, commanded the 44th Regiment at the Battles of Alma and Inkerman and the Siege of Sebastopol (b. 25 Mar 1807; d. 28 Aug 1893), mar. 6 Feb 1836 Helen Maria Campbell (d. 17 Jul 1899), 2nd dau. of Lt Gen Sir Archibald Campbell, 1st Bt. GCB, by his wife Helen Macdonald, dau. of ..... Macdonald of The Gart, and had issue:

1a. Lt Col Augustus Campbell Spencer (b. 19 Apr 1851; d. 27 Feb 1912), mar. 12 Oct 1886 Hilda Grant-Thorold (d. 10 Jul 1952), 1st dau. of Alexander William Thorold Grant later Grant-Thorold, of Weelsby House, co. Lincoln, by his wife Anna Hamilton Stirling, 3rd dau. of Capt  Sir James Stirling KCB RN, Governor of Western Australia 1829-38 (by his wife Ellen Mangles, dau. of James Mangles MP, of Woodbridge, co. Surrey), 3rd son of Andrew Stirling of Drumpellier, by his wife Anne Stirling, sister of Sir Walter Stirling, 1st Bt., and only dau. of Capt Sir Walter Stirling of Faskine RN, and had issue:

1b. Col Richard Augustus Spencer DSO OBE (b. 14 Dec 1888; d. 20 Feb 1956), mar. Maud Evelyn Ramsay (d. 1989), 1st dau. of Lt Col Henry Lushington Ramsay (by his wife Sophia Thomas, dau. of J P Thomas, of Warneford Place, co. Wiltshire, and Calcutta, India), 1st son of Gen Hon Sir Henry Ramsay KCSI CB (by his wife Laura Lushington, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Sir Henry Lushington, 3rd Bt.), brother of George [Ramsay], 12th Earl of Dalhousie, and 7th son of Lt Gen Hon John Ramsay (by his wife Mary Delise, dau. of Philip Delise, of Calcutta, India), 4th son of George [Ramsay], 8th Earl of Dalhousie, and had issue:

1c. Richard Harry Ramsay Spencer, later 6th Baron Churchill

2c. Charles Geoffrey Campbell Spencer, of Stokke Common, Savernake Forest, Marlborough, co. Wiltshire, late Lieut in the Coldstream Guards serving in Malaya 1949-50 and Kenya 1954-56 (b. 25 May 1928), mar. 26 Sep 1964 Cherry Elizabeth Clarke, 1st dau. of  William Carlyle Clarke

2b. Lt Col Edward Almeric Spencer OBE (b. 26 Dec 1892; dspm. 1984), mar. 9 Jul 1918 Elsie Winifred Macan (d. 1969), yst. dau. of Arthur Macan DL, of Drumcashel, co. Louth, and had issue

1a. Helen Frances Sepncer (d. 29 Aug 1932), mar. 10 Oct 1870 Col Robert Spencer Liddell (d. 16 Jun 1903), and had issue

2a. Caroline Laura Spencer

3a. Elizabeth Maria Spencer (d. 26 Feb 1928)

4a. Augusta Melita Spencer (d. 29 Aug 1920), mra. (1) 10 Oct 1870 Lt Col Sussex Vane Stephenson (d. 28 Jun 1872), and (2) 15 Aug 1882 Rev Edward Mallet Young, son of Capt Sir George Young, 2nd Bt., RN, and had issue by her first husband

5a. Georgiana Caroline Spencer (d. 24 Apr 1864)

4. Rev Hon William Henry Spencer, Rector of Great Houghton, co. Northampton (b. 12 Apr 1810; d. 21 Aug 1900), mar. (1) 23 Jan 1838 Elizabeth Rose Thornhill (d. 25 Mar 1851), 2nd dau. of Thomas Thornhill, of Woodleys, (2) 15 Jun 1852 Louisa Mercer Call (dsp. 31 Aug 1892), 3rd dau. of Sir William Call, 2nd Bt., and (3) 1893 Anna Maria Cowley Allan (widow of Robert Francis Allan; d. 25 Jan 1924), dau. of John Horton Sheppard, of Towcester, co. Northamjpton, and had issue by his first wife

5. Hon Henry George Spencxer (b. 5 Jul 1814; d. 2 Jul 1851)

6. Admiral Hon John Welbore Sutherland Spencer, Naval ADC to Queen Victoria (b. 12 Mar 1816; d. 7 Oct 1888)

7. Col Hon Robert Charles Henry Spencer (b. 10 Jun 1817; d. 17 Jun 1881), mar. 14 Jul 1845 his first cousin once removed Lady Louisa Spencer-Churchill (d. 23 Mar 1882), only dau. dau. of George [Spencer-Churchill], 6th Duke of Marlborough, by his first wife and cousin Lady Jane Stewart, 1st dau. of George [Stewart], 8th Earl of Galloway, and had issue

8. Rev Hon Charles Frederick Octavius Spencer, Vicar of Sutton, Isle of Ely (b. 9 Sep 1824; d. 12 Aug 1895), mar. 17 Jun 1847 Hester Eliza Fardell (d. 5 Mar 1905), 1st dau. of Rev Canon Henry Fardell, Vicar of Wisbech, and had issue

1. Hon Caroline Elizabeth Spencer (b. 28 Jun 1805; d. 17 Dec 1864; bur. at Ahascragh, co. Galway), mar. 22 Jun 1830 Robert [Dillon], 3rd Baron Clonbrock, and had issue

2. Hon Frances Elizabeth Spencer (b. c.1809; d. 1 Apr 1884)

3. Hon Louisa Diana Spencer (d. 17 Apr 1882), mar. 11 May 1859 Rev William Wales, Chancellor of the Diocese of Peterborough)

4. Hon Elizabeth Charlotte Spencer (d. 12 Sep 1858), mar. 23 Jul 1850 as his first wife Rev Havilland de Sausmarez, Rector of St Peter's, Northampton (d. 17 Apr 1882), son of Thomas de Sausmarez, Seigneur of Sausmarez 1820-37, Attorney-General of Guernsey, by his second wife Katherine de Havilland, dau. of Sir Peter de Havilland, Bailiff of Guernsey, and had issue


10 Mar 1845


11 Aug 1815 Baron Churchill, of Wychwood in the County of Oxford

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Tory) for Oxfordshire 1801-15; FRS 1818


Francis George [Spencer], 2nd Baron Churchill


6 Oct 1802


19 May 1849 Lady Jane Conyngham VA, a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria 1854-1900 (b. 1 Jun 1826; d. 25 Dec 1900; bur. at Finstock, co. Oxford), 1st dau. of Francis Nathaniel [Conyngham], 2nd Marquess Conyngham, by his wife Lady Jane Paget, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Henry William [Paget], 1st Marquess of Anglesey

only child

1. Hon Victor Albert Francis Charles Spencer, later 3rd Baron Churchill later 1st Viscount Churchill


24 Nov 1886

suc. by



Attaché at Vienna 1823-28 and at Lisbon 1828


Victor Albert Francis Charles [Spencer], 3rd Baron Churchill later 1st Viscount Churchill, GCVO


14 Jul 1902 Viscount Churchill, of Rolleston in the County of Leicester


The Barony of Churchill was held by the Viscounts Churchill from 14 Jul 1902 to 18 Oct 2017, when on the death of the 3rd Viscount Churchill the Viscountcy of Churchill became extinct and he was succeeded as 6th Baron Churchill by his second cousin once removed:


Richard Harry Ramsey [Spencer], 6th Baron Churchill


11 Oct 1926


19 Apr 1958 Antoinette Rose-Marie de Charrière, dau. of Godefroy de Charrière, of Les Pignets, Prévérenges, Lausanne, Switzerland


1. Hon Michael Richard de Charrière Spencer (b. 9 Nov 1960)

2. Hon David Anthony Spencer (b. 11 Mar 1970)


Last updated 30 Jan 2018




6th Baron Churchill, of Wychwood in the County of Oxford

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 11 Aug 1815)



Not known



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