Cracroft's Peerage
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Gower, Earl (GB, 1746)


Creation: let. pat. 8 Jul 1746


Family name: Leveson-Gower




 Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Barry of eight Argent and Gules a Cross Flory Sable (Gower);  2nd and 3rd, Azure three Laurel Leaves Or (Leveson)


 A Wolf passant Argent collared and lined Or


 On either side a Wolf Argent plain collared and Line reflexed over the back Or


Frangas non flectes



John [Leveson-Gower], 2nd Baron Gower later 1st Earl Gower, PC

1st son and heir of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Baron Gower, by his wife Lady Catherine Manners, 1st dau. by his third wife of John [Manners], 1st Duke of Rutland


10 Aug 1694

mar. (1)

13 Mar 1711/2 Lady Evelyn Pierrepont (d. 26 Jun 1727), 3rd dau. of Evelyn [Pierrepont], 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, by his first wife Lady Mary Feilding, only dau. by his first wife of William [Feilding], 3rd Earl of Denbigh

children by first wife

1. Hon John Leveson-Gower (b. 28 Nov 1712; dvp. 15 Jul 1723)

2. Hon William Leveson-Gower (b. 17 Feb 1715/6; dvp. 4 Apr 1739)

3. Hon Granville Leveson-Gower, later 2nd Earl Gower later 1st Marquess of Stafford

4. Hon Richard Leveson-Gower MP (b. 30 Apr 1726; dvp. 19 Oct 1753)

1. Hon Catherine Leveson-Gower (dvp. an infant)

2. Lady Mary Leveson-Gower (b. 30 Oct 1717; d. 30 Apr 1778), mar. c. 1739 Very Rev Sir Richard Wrottesley, 7th Bt., and had issue

3. Lady Gertrude Leveson-Gower (b. 15 Feb 1714/5; d. 1 Jul 1794), mar. 2 Apr 1737 as his second wife John [Russell], 4th Duke of Bedford, and had issue

4. Lady Frances Leveson-Gower (b. 12 Aug 1720; d. 1788), mar. 1744 Lord John Philip Sackville, 2nd son of Lionel Cranfield [Sackville], 1st Duke of Dorset, by his wife Elizabeth Colyear, Maid of Honour to Queen Anne and First Lady of the Bedchamber and Mistress of the Robes to Queen Caroline, dau. and cohrss. of Lt Gen Walter Philip Colyear, brother of David [Colyear], 1st Earl of Portmore, and had issue

5. Lady Elizabeth Leveson-Gower (b. 20 Jan 1723/4; d. 28 Apr 1784), mar. 7 May 1751 John [Waldegrave], 3rd Earl Waldegrave, and had issue

6. Lady Evelyn Leveson-Gower (b. 26 Jan 1724/5; d. 14 Apr 1763), mar. (1) 29 Jun 1744 John [Fitzpatrick], 1st Earl of Upper Ossory, and (2) 6 Feb 1759 Richard Vernon MP, of Hilton, co. Stafford (d. 16 Sep 1800), and had issue by her first husband

7. Hon Diana Leveson-Gower (b. 31 May 1727; dvp. 1737)

mar. (2)

31 Oct 1733 Penelope Atkins (widow of Sir Henry Atkins, 4th Bt., of Clapham, co. Surrey;  d. 19 Aug 1734), 3rd dau. of Rt Hon Sir John Stonhouse, 3rd Bt., MP, of Radley, co. Berkshire, Comptroller of the Household, by his second wife Penelope Dashwood, dau. of Sir Robert Dashwood, 1st Bt., of Northbrooke, co. Oxford

only child by second wife

8. Hon Penelope Leveson-Gower (b. Jun 1734; dvp. 26 Feb 1742)

mar. (3)

16 May 1736 Lady Mary Grey (widow of Anthony [Grey], 3rd Baron Lucas of Crudwell styled Earl of Harold;  d. 12 Feb 1785), 4th dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Tufton], 6th Earl of Thanet, by his wife Lady Catherine Cavendish, 4th dau. and cohrss. of Henry [Cavendish], 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

children by third wife

5. Hon Thomas Leveson-Gower (b. 23 Aug 1738; dvp. young)

6. Admiral Hon John Leveson-Gower RN (b. 11 Jul 1740; d. 28 Aug 1792), mar. 5 Jul 1773 Hon Frances Boscawen (d. 14 Jul 1813), sister of George Evelyn [Boscawen], 3rd Viscount Falmouth, and 1st dau. of Admiral Hon Edward Boscawen RN (by his wife Frances Glanville, dau. of William Evelyn Glanville, of St Clair, co. Kent), 2nd son of Hugh [Boscawen], 1st Viscount Falmouth, and had issue


25 Dec 1754


8 Jul 1746 Viscount Trentham, of Trentham in the County of Stafford, and Earl Gower

suc. by

son by first wife


suc. his father 31 Aug 1709 as 2nd Baron Gower;  Privy Councillor 1742;  Lord Privy Seal 1742-43 and 1744-54;  Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire 1742-54;  a Lord Justice of the Realm 1740, 1743, 1745, 1748, 1750 and 1752;  Colonel in the Army 1745


Granville [Leveson-Gower], 2nd Earl Gower later 1st Marquess of Stafford, KG PC


1 Mar 1786 Marquess of Stafford


The Earldom of Gower has been held by the Marquesses of Stafford since 1 May 1786 and by the Dukes of Sutherland since 28 Jan 1833.


 Last updated 7 May 2005



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