Cracroft's Peerage
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Cumberland and Teviotdale, Duke of (GB, 1799 - 1919)

 

Creation: let.pat. 24 Apr 1799

 

Deprived: 28 Mar 1919

 

Family name:

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Arms:

The Royal Arms as borne by HM King George III but without the Inescutcheon on the Arms of Hanover differenced by a Label of three points Argent the centre point charged with a Fleurs de lys Azure and each of the other points with Cross Gules

Crest:

On a Coronet of four Crosses Patty alternated with four Fleurs-de-Lis a Lion statant guardant Or crowned with a like Coronet and differenced by a Label as in the Arms

Supporters:

Same as in the Royal Arms borne by HM King George III differenced by a like Coronet and Label

 

Note: These are the differenced version of the Royal Arms assigned by Royal Warrant to the 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale. When he succeeded his brother as King of Hanover he charged the Arms of Hanover with the Electoral inescutcheon "Gules the Crown of Charlemagne proper" and changed the label to a label of three points Argent as Heir Presumptive to the British Throne. This label was not used after 1848. During the lifetime of his father his son, the future King George V of Hanover, bore the arms of his father with a second label of three points Gules charged on the centre point with a Horse courant Argent as heir to the Throne of Hanover.

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HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, later HM King Ernest I of Hanover, KG KP GCB GCH PC

5th son of King George III by his wife HRH Princess Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dau. of HRH Charles Louis Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

born

5 Jun 1771

mar.

29 May 1815 his cousin HRH Princess Frederica Louise Caroline Sophia Alexandra of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 2 Mar 1778; widow of HRH Prince Frederick Louis Charles of Prussia, and former wife of HSH Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels; d. 29 Jun 1841), 3rd dau. of HRH Charles Louis Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by his first wife HSH Princess Frederica Caroline Louise of Hess-Darmstadt, dau. of HSH George William, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

only surviving child

1. HRH Prince George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus of Cumberland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, later 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (HM King George V of Hanover)

died

18 Nov 1851

created

24 Apr 1799 Earl of Armagh (Peerage of Ireland) and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (Peerage of Great Britain)

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Garter 1786; Lieut, 9th Hanoverian Lancers 1790, Lt Col 1793, Maj Gen 1794 (fought at Tournai and Nimeguen), Lt Gen 1799, Gen 1808, and Field Marshal 1813; Privy Councillor 1799; Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin 1805-51; GCB 1815; GCH 1815; Knight of St Patrick 1821; suc. his brother 20 Jun 1837 as King of Hanover

 

HRH Prince George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus, 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (HM King George V of Hanover), KG GCH

born

27 May 1819

mar.

18 Feb 1843 HSH Princess Alexandra Maria Wilhelmina Katherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina of Saxe-Altenburg VA (b. 14 Apr 1818; d. 9 Jan 1907), 1st dau. of HSH Joseph George Frederick Ernest Charles, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, by his wife HSH Princess Amelia Theresa Louise Wilhelmina Philippa of Württemberg, dau. of HSH Louis Frederick Alexander, Duke of Württemberg

children

1. HRH Prince Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, Crown Prince of Hanover 1851-66, later 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

1. HRH Princess Frederica Sophia Marie Henrietta Amelia Therese CI LJStJ, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 9 Jan 1848; d. 16 Oct 1926), mar. 24 Apr 1880 Liutbert Alexander George Lionel Alphonse, 6th Baron von Pawel-Rammingen. KCB KCVO KCH (b. 1843; d. 20 Nov 1932), and had issue

2. HRH Princess Marie Ernestine Josephine Adophine Henrietta Therese Elizabeth Alexandrine CI, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 2 Dec 1849; d. 4 Jun 1904)

died

12 Jun 1878

note

GCH 1825; Knight of the Garter 1835; deposed as King of Hanover by Prussia 20 Sep 1866; Gen in the British Army 1876

 

HRH Prince Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, KG GCH

born

21 Sep 1845

mar.

21 Dec 1878 HRH Princess Thyra Amelia Caroline Charlotte Anne of Denmark CI (b. 29 Sep 1853; d. 26 Feb 1933), sister of Queen Alexandra and 3rd dau. of HM King Christian IX of Denmark, by his wife HSH Princess Louise Wilhelmina Frederica Caroline Augusta Julia of Hesse-Cassel, dau. of HSH William X, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel

children

1. HRH Prince George William Christian Albert Edward Alexander Frederick Waldemar Ernest Adolf, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, styled Earl of Armagh, GCVO (b. 28 Oct 1880; dvp. 20 May 1912)

2. HRH Prince Christian Frederick William George Peter Waldemar, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 4 Jul 1885; dvp. 3 Sep 1901)

3. HRH Prince Ernest Augustus Christian George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, Reigning Duke of Brunswick 1913-18 (b. 17 Nov 1887; d. 30 Jan 1953), mar. 24 May 1913 his third cousin once removed HRH Princess Victoria Louise Adelaide Mathilda Charlotte of Prussia (b. 13 Sep 1892; d. 11 Dec 1980), only dau. of HIM William II Victor Albert, German Emperor and King of Prussia, by his wife HSH Princess Augusta Victoria Frederica Louise Theodora Jenny of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, 1st dau. of HH Frederick Christian Augustus, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, and had issue:

1a. HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick 1914-18, Prince of Hanover 1953-87 (b. 18 Mar 1914; d. 9 Dec 1987), mar. (1) 5 Sep 1951 HH Princess Ortrud Bertha Adelheid Hedwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (b. 19 Dec 1925; d. 6 Feb 1980), only dau. of HH Prince Albert Christian Adolph Charles Eugene of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg by his second wife HSH Princess Hertha of Ysenburg und Büdingen, 6th dau. by his second wife of HSH Bruno Casimir Albert Emil Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Ysenburg und Büdingen, and (2) 1981 Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach (b. 8 Aug 1929; d. 4 Jun 2015), and had issue by his first wife:

1b. *HRH Prince Ernest Augustus Albert Paul Otto Rupert Oscar Berthold Frederick-Ferdinand Christian Ludwig, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth, Prince of Hanover 1987- (b. 26 Feb 1954), mar. (1) 28 Aug 1981 (div. 23 Oct 1997) Chantal Hochuli (b. 2 Jun 1955), and had issue:

1c. *HRH Prince Ernest Augustus Andrew Philip Constantine Maximilian Ralph Stephen Louis Rudolph of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth, Hereditary Prince of Hanover 1987- (b. 19 Jul 1983), mar. 6 Jul 2017 Ekaterina Malysheva (b. 1 Jul 1986), dau. of Igor Malysheva, and has issue:

1d. *HRH Princess Elisabeth of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 22 Feb 2018)

2c. *HRH Prince Christian Henry Clemens Paul Frank Peter Welf William-Ernest Frederick Francis of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 1 Jun 1985), mar. 24 Nov 2017 Alessandra de Osma y Foy (b. 1988) dau. of Philip de Osma y Berckemeyer by his wife Elizabeth Foy y Vasquez

The Prince of Hanover mar. (2) 23 Jan 1999 HSH Princess Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi of Monaco (b. 23 Jan 1951; former wife of (1) Philippe Junot, and (2) Stefano Casiraghi), 1st dau. of Rainier III, Ruling Prince of Monaco, by his wife Grace Patricia Kelly, the actress, 2nd dau. of John Brendan Kelly Sr., of East Falls, Philadelphia, USA, and had further issue:

1c. *HRH Princess Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 20 Jul 1999) 

2b. HRH Prince Ludwig Rudolph George William Philip Frederick Wolrad Maximiliam of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 21 Nov 1955; d. 28 Nov 1988). mar. 4 Oct 1987 Countess Isabella Maria von Thurn und Valsassina-Como-Vercelli (b. 1962), dau. of Count Ariprand von Thurn und Valsassina-Como-Vercelli, of Castle Bleiburg, Carinthia, and had issue

3b. *HRH Prince Heinrich Julius Christian Otto Friedrich Francis Anton Günter of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 29 Apr 1961), mar. 30 Apr 1999 Thyra Sixtina Donata von Westernhagen (b. 14 Aug 1973), dau. of Professor Dr Burkhard von Westernhagen by his wife Uta Maria von Pape, and has issue

1b. *HRH Princess Marie Victoria Louise Hertha Frederica of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 26 Nov 1952), mar. 4 Jun 1982 Count Michael von Hochberg (b. 5 Dec 1943), son of Count Conrad von Hochberg by his wife Eleanor von Czettritz und Neuhaus, and has issue

2b. *HRH Princess Olga Sophie Charlotte Anna of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 1958)

3b. *HRH Princess Alexandra Irene Margaretha Elisabeth Bathildis of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b.18 Feb 1959), mar. 5 Oct 1981 HSH Prince Andreas, Prince of Leiningen (b. 27 Nov 1955), and has issue

2a. HRH Prince George William of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 25 Mar 1915; d. 8 Jan 2006), mar. 23 Apr 1946 his second cousin HRH Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark (b. 26 Jun 1914; sister of HRH The Duke of Edinburgh and widow of HRH Prince Christopher Ernest Augustus of Hesse (b. 14 May 1901; d. 7 Oct 1943); d. 24 Nov 2001), 4th dau. of HRH Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, by his wife HSH Princess Alice of Battenberg, and had issue

3a. HRH Prince Christian Oscar of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 1 Sep 1919; d. 10 Dec 1981), mar. 23 Nov 1963 (div. 1976) Mireille Dutry (b.10 Jan 1946), dau. of Belgian industrialist Armand Dutry by his wife Tinou Soinne, and had issue

4a. HRH Prince Welf Henry of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 11 Mar 1923; dsp. 12 Jul 1997), mar. 20 Sep 1960 HSH Princess Alexandra Sophie of Ysenburg und Büdingen (b. 23 Oct 1937; dsp. 1 Jun 2015), dau. of HSH Otto Frederick III, Prince of Ysenburg und Büdingen, by his wife HSH Princess Felicitas Anna Eleanore Cecilie of Reuss-Kostritz

1a. HRH Princess Frederica of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 18 Apr 1917; d. 6 Feb 1981), mar. 9 Jan 1938 her first cousin once removed HM Paul I, King of the Hellenes 1947-64, and had issue

1. HRH Princess Marie Louise Victoria Caroline Amelia Alexandra Augusta Frederica, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 11 Oct 1879; d. 31 Jan 1948), mar. 10 Jul 1900 HRH Maximilian Alexander Frederick William, Margrave of Baden, German Imperial Chancellor 1918 (d. 6 Nov 1929), and had issue

2. HRH Princess Alexandra Louise Maria Olga Elizabeth Theresa Vera, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 29 Sep 1882; d. 19...). mar. 7 Jun 1904 HRH Frederick Francis IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1945), and had issue

3. HRH Princess Olga Adelaide Louise Marie Alexandrina Agnes, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg from birth (b. 11 Jul 1884; d. 19...)

died

14 Nov 1923

note

entered the Hanoverian Army 1862; Maj Gen, British Army 1886, Lieut Gen 1892, Gen 1898; GCH 1866; Knight of the Garter 1878; on 18 Oct 1884 proclaimed himself Reigning Duke of Brunswick but renounced the Duchy in favour of his son 27 Oct 1913; on 13 May 1915 his name was removed from the Roll of the Order of the Garter and on 28 Mar 1919 his name was removed from the Roll of Peers of Great Britain and Ireland by Order of the King in Council under Section 1 of the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 for bearing arms against Great Britain

 

It is open to HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover (b. 1954), grandson of HRH Prince Ernest Augustus (d. 1953), to make a claim to be restored as Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale under Section 2 of the Titles Deprivation Act 1917.

 

Last updated 3 Jan 2019

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