Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage


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Gloucester and Edinburgh, Duke of (GB, 1764 - 1834)


Creation: let.pat. 19 Nov 1764


Extinct: 30 Nov 1834


Family name:




The Royal Arms of Great Britain as borne by King George II but without the inescutcheon over the Hanoverian quarter, and overall a Label of five points Argent charged on the centre point with a Fleur de lis Azure and on each of the others with a Cross Gules


On a Coronet composed of two Crosses Pattée and two Strawberry Leaves alternating with four Fleurs-de-lis a Lion statant guardant Or crowned with a like Coronet and differenced with a Label of five points as in the Arms


The Royal Supporters differenced with a like Coronet and Label


The 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh bore the same arms as his father but with an additional label of three points azure below the label of five points. Princess Sophia Matilda was granted by Royal Warrant in 1806 the post-1801 Royal arms without the electoral inescutcheon upon the Hanoverian inescutcheon and with the same label as her father. The lozenge was ensigned by a royal coronet and the Royal supporters were were differenced by a royal coronet and a label as in the arms.



HRH Prince William Henry, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, KG PC

3rd son of HRH Prince Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales (by his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, dau. of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg), 1st son and heir apparent of King George II


14 Nov 1743


6 Sep 1766 Maria Waldegrave (b. 10 Jul 1736; widow of James [Waldegrave], 2nd Earl Waldegrave; d. 22 Aug 1807), 2nd illegit. dau. of Hon Sir Edward Walpole KB by his mistress Dorothy Clement


1. HRH Prince William Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth, later 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh

1. HRH Princess Sophia Matilda, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 29 May 1773; d. 29 Nov 1844)

2. HRH Princess Caroline Augusta Maria, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth (b. 24 Jun 1774; dvp. 14 Mar 1775)


Lady Almeria Carpenter (b. 20 Mar 1752; d. 13 Sep 1809), 1st dau. of George [Carpenter], 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, by his wife Frances Clifton, dau. of Sir Robert Clifton, 5th Bt.

illegitimate child

3. Louisa Maria Edsor or LaCoast (bapt. 5 Feb 1781; d. 10 Feb 1835), mar. 29 Dec 1803 Godfrey Bosville [Macdonald later Bosville later Bosville-Macdonald], 3rd Baron Macdonald of Slate, and had issue


25 Aug 1805


19 Nov 1764 Earl of Connaught, in the Peerage of Ireland, and Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, in the Peerage of Great Britain

suc. by



Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth; Knight of the Garter 1762; Privy Councillor 1764; Maj-General 1767, Lieut-General 1770, General 1772 and Field Marshal 1793; Colonel of the 13th Foot 1766-67, of the 3rd Foot Guards 1767-70, and of the 1st Foot Guards 1770-1805; Ranger of Hampton Court 1763; Keeper of Windsor Forest 1767; Keeper of Cranborne Chase 1767-1805; Warden of the New Forest 1771-1805; Chancellor of the University of Dublin 1771-1805


HRH Prince William Frederick, 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, KG GCB GCH PC


15 Jan 1776


22 Jul 1816 his cousin HRH the Princess Mary, Ranger of Richmond Park 1850-57 (b. 25 Apr 1776; dsp. 30 Apr 1857), 4th dau. of King George III by his wife Princess Sophia Charlotte, dau. of Charles Louis Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz


s.p. 30 Nov 1834


Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from birth; entered the Army 1789; Maj General 1795, Lieut General 1799, General 1808 and Field Marshal 1816; Knight of the Garter 1794; Col of the 6th Foot Guards 1795-1806 and of the 3rd Foot Guards 1806-1814; Ranger of Bagshot Park 1798-1834; Privy Councillor 1806; Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1811-34; GCB 1815; GCH 1815; Governor of Portsmouth 1827-34


On the death of Prince William Frederick the Dukedom of Gloucester and Edinburgh became extinct.


Last updated 6 Apr 2021




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