Cracroft's Peerage
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Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Duke of (E, 1664/5 - 1691)


Creation: let.pat. 16 Mar 1664/5


Extinct: 26 Jul 1691


Family name: Cavendish




Sable three Bucks' Heads cabossed Argent, with a Crescent for difference


A Serpent nowed proper


Dexter: a Bull Or ducally crowned Gules; Sinister: a Lion rampant guardant Gules crined and ducally crowned Or


Cavendo Tutus (Secure by caution)



William [Cavendish], 1st Viscount Mansfield later 1st Earl of Newcastle-upon-Tyne later 1st Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne later 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG PC

only surv. son and heir of Sir Charles Cavendish, of Welbeck Abbey, co. Nottingham (younger brother of William [Cavendish], 1st Earl of Devonshire), by his wife Hon Catherine Ogle, suo jure Baroness Ogle, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Cuthbert [Ogle], 7th Baron Ogle


16 Dec 1593

mar. (1)

c.1618 Elizabeth Howard (widow of Hon Henry Howard, 3rd son by his second wife of Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Suffolk; d. 17 Apr 1643), dau. and hrss. of William Bassett, of Blore, co. Stafford, by his wife Judith Austin, dau. of Thomas Austin, of Oxley, co. Stafford

children by first wife

1. Lord Charles Cavendish, styled Viscount Mansfield, Constable and High Steward of Pontefract jointly with his father 1640; Member of Parliament for East Retford 1640-43/4 (b. c.1626; dsp. and vp. Jun 1659), mar. Elizabeth Rogers (mar. (2) as his first wife Charles [Stuart], 6th Duke of Lennox; dsp. 21 Apr 1661), dau. of Richard Rogers, of Bryanston, co. Dorset, by his wife Anne Cheeke, dau. of Sir Thomas Cheeke

2. Lord Henry Cavendish, later 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

1. Lady Jane Cavendish (b. c. 1622; d. 8 Oct 1669), mar. 1654 as his first wife Charles [Cheyne], 1st Viscount Newhaven, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (d. 14 Jun 1663, mar. 22 Jul 1641 John [Egerton], 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, and had issue

3. Lady Frances Cavendish (dsp. 15 Aug 1678), mar. 24 Nov 1654 Oliver [St John], 2nd Earl of Bolingbroke

mar. (2)

c. Dec 1645 Margaret Lucas (b. 1617; dsp. 15 Dec 1673), sister of John [Lucas], 1st Baron Lucas, and dau. of Sir Thomas Lucas, of Colchester, co. Essex, by his wife Elizabeth Leighton, dau. of John Leighton, of London


25 Dec 1676


29 Oct 1620 Baron Ogle of Bothal, of Bothal in the County of Northumberland, and Viscount Mansfield, of Mansfield in the County of Nottingham

7 Mar 1627/8 Baron Cavendish of Bolsover, of Bolsover in the County of Derby, and Earl of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

27 Oct 1643 Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

16 Mar 1664/5 Earl of Ogle and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

suc. by



Knight of the Bath 1610; Member of Parliament for East Retford 1614; Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1626-42 and 1660-76, of Derbyshire 1628-38 and jointly of Northumberland 1670-76/7; suc. his mother 18 Apr 1629 as Baron Ogle; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales 1637/8 and also his Governor 1638; Privy Councillor 1639; Constable and High Steward of Pontefract jointly with his son 1640; Steward and Warden of Sherwood Forest 1641; Governor of the Town and County of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1642; Knight of the Garter 1649/50; Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1660-76/7; Chief Justice in Eyre North of Trent 1661-76/7


Henry [Cavendish], 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG PC


24 Jun 1630


c. 1652 Frances Pierrepont (d. 23 Sep 1695), 1st dau. of Hon William Pierrepont MP, of Thoresby, co. Nottingham (2nd son of Robert [Pierrepont], 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull), by his wife Elizabeth Harris, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Harris, of Tong Castle, co. Salop


1. Lord Henry Cavendish later Percy, styled Lord Mansfield later Earl of Ogle (b. 19 Jan 1662/3; d. sp. and vp. 1 Nov 1680), mar. 27 Mar 1679 Lady Elizabeth Percy, styled Baroness Percy (mar. (2) Jul 1681 Thomas Thynne, of Longleat, co. Wiltshire, and (3) 30 May 1682 as his first wife Charles [Seymour], 6th Duke of Somerset; d. 23 Nov 1722), only dau. and hrss. of Josceline [Percy], 5th Earl of Northumberland

1. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (b. 22 Feb 1654; dsps. 28 Aug 1734), mar. (1) 30 Dec 1699 Christopher [Monk], 2nd Duke of Albemarle, and (2) 8 Sep 1692 as his second wife Ralph [Montagu], 1st Duke of Montagu, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Frances Cavendish (b. 25 Jun 1660; dsp.and vp. 4 Feb 1689/90), mar. as his first wife John [Campbell], 2nd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland

3. Lady Margaret Cavendish (b. 22 Oct 1661; d. 24 Dec 1716), mar. 1 Mar 1689/90 her cousin John [Holles], 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and had issue

4. Lady Catherine Cavendish (b. 14 Jan 1665; d. 20 Apr 1712), mar. 14 Aug 1684 Thomas [Tufton], 6th Earl of Thanet, and had issue

5. Lady Arabella Cavendish (b. 19 Aug 1673; dspm. 4 Jun 1698), mar. 12 Jan 1694/5 as his first wife Charles [Spencer], 3rd Earl of Sunderland, and had issue


s.p.m.s. 26 Jul 1691


Member of Parliament for Derbyshire 1660 and for Northumberland 1661-76; Master of the Robes 1660-62; Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1662-85; Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland 1670-88, of Nottinghamshire 1677-88 and of the North, East and West Ridings of Yorkshire 1688-89; Privy Councillor 1670-88/9; Governor of Newcastle 1666 and 1673 and of Berwick 1675-86; Knight of the Garter 1677; Chief Justice in Eyre North of the Trent 1677-88


On the death of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne the Barony of Ogle fell into abeyance between his daughters and his other titles became extinct


 Last reviewed 29 Mar 2007



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