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Middleton, Earl of (S, 1660 - forfeited 1695)


Creation: let.pat. 1 Oct 1660 with precedency from Sep 1656


Forfeited: 2 July 1695


Family name: Middleton




Per fess Or and Gules a Lion rampant armed and langued Azure within a Double Tressure flory counterflory all counterchanged


Issuing out of a Tower Sable a Lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure


On either side an Eagle volant Sable armed and beaked Or


 Fortis in Arduis



John [Middleton], 1st Earl of Middleton, PC

1st son and heir of Robert Middleton of Caldhame by his wife Helen Strachan, dau. of John Strachan


c. 1608

mar. (1)

Jul 1639 Grizel Ramsay (former wife of Sir Alexander Fotheringham and widow of Sir Gilbert Ramsay of Balmain, 1st Bt.; d. Sep 1666), sister of Sir Alexander Durham of Largo, Lord Lyon King of Arms, and dau. of James Durham of Pitkerrow and Luffness

children by first wife

1. Hon Charles Middleton, later 2nd Earl of Middleton

1. Lady Grizel Middleton (bur. spms. 29 Apr 1666), mar. 12 Jun 1662 William [Douglas], 9th Earl of Morton, and had issue

2. Lady Helen Middleton (d. May 1708), mar. 23 Aug 1662 Patrick [Lyon], 3rd Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and had issue

3. Lady ..... Middleton (bur. 8 Jun 1669)

4. Lady ..... Middleton (bur. Nov 1669)

mar. (2)

16 Dec 1667 Lady Martha Carey (dspms. 23 Jan 1705/6), 6th dau. and cohrss. of Henry [Carey], 2nd Earl of Monmouth, by his wife Lady Martha Cranfield, 1st dau. by his first wife of Lionel [Cranfield], 1st Earl of Middlesex

children by second wife

2. Hon John Middleton (d. Feb 1696)

5. Lady Elizabeth Middleton (bur. 19 Jan 1748), mar. 20 Jul 1693 William Spelman, of Wickmer, co. Norfolk (d. 1713)


after Jun 1673


1 Oct 1660 Lord of Clermont and Fettercairn and Earl of Middleton, with remainder to his heirs (?male) bearing the surname and arms of Middleton and with the precedency of Sep 1656

suc. by

son by first wife


served in France with the Scottish army; joined the Parliamentary army in England 1642; Lieut General 1644; general Major of Horse to the Scottish army 1645; second in command at the Battle of Philiphaugh 1645; engaged against the Duke of Montrose 1646; changed sides and joined the party for the rescue of King Charles I and was taken prisoner after the Battle of Preston 1648; a supporter of King Charles II, he was a Maj General at the Battle of Worcester 1651 where he was wounded and again taken prisoner by the Parliamentarians; escaped to France 1652; in command of the Royalists in the Highlands but defeated at the Battle of Lochgarry 1654 and returned to the Continent; Commander-in-Chief of Scotland, Governor of Edinburgh Castle and Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament 1661; Privy Councillor [S] 1661; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1661-64; Privy Councillor [E] 1662; dismissed from office 1663 following accusations of abuse of power; Lieut General of the Militia in Kent 1666 and in command at Rochester when the Dutch burnt the English ships at Chatham; Governor of Tangiers 1668


Charles [Middleton], 2nd Earl of Middleton


c. 1650


c. 1670 Lady Catherine Brudenell, Governess to the Princess Louise 1692-1712 (b. c. 1648; d. 11 Mar 1743), 1st dau. of Robert [Brudenell], 2nd Earl of Cardigan, by his second wife Lady Anne Savage, 4th dau. of Thomas [Savage], 1st Viscount Savage, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Darcy, suo jure Countess Rivers for life, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Darcy], 1st Earl Rivers


1. Hon John Middleton, styled Viscount Clermont, titular 3rd Earl of Middleton 1719-46, Colonel in the French Army, took part in the French invasion of Scotland 1708, captured off the Scottish coast by Admiral Byng, imprisoned in the Tower of London but released 1711, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the titular King James III 1713 (b. 7 Nov 1683; d. 3 Nov 1746)

2. Chev Hon Charles Middleton, Captain in the French Army, with his brother took part in the French invasion of Scotland 1708, was also captured off the Scottish coast by Admiral Byng, and also imprisoned in the Tower of London but released 1711 (b. 4 Dec 1688; d. 3 Aug 1738)

1. Lady Katherine Middleton (b. 10 Aug 1685; d. 10 Jun 1763), mar. (1) 1705 or 1706 Sir John Gifford, 2nd Bt., of Burstall, co. Leicester, Gentleman of the Chamber to the titular King James III (d. 8 Oct 1707), and (2) after 25 Nov 1709 Lieut Gen Michael Rothe (b. 29 Sep 1661; d. 2 May 1741), son of Edward Rothe, of Kilkenny, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Elizabeth Middleton (b. 25 Jun 1690; d. after 1773), mar. 25 Nov 1709 Hon Edward Drummond, titular 6th Duke of Perth (b. c. 1690; dsp. 7 Feb 1760), only child of James [Drummond], 4th Earl of Perth and titular 1st Duke of Perth, by his third wife and cousin Lady Mary Urquhart, widow of Adam Urquhart of Meldrum and 2nd dau. of Lewis [Gordon], 3rd Marquess of Huntly


8 Aug 1719


Captain, Holland Regiment 1674; Envoy to Vienna 1680; Secretary of State for Scotland 1682-84 and for England 1684-88; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1684-86; Privy Councillor [E] 1684-89; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Wiltshire 1685-87; a supporter of King James II, he was suspected of being unfriendly to the Government and arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1692; released on bail whereupon he crossed over to France and joined the court of the exiled King James II; tried for high treason in absentia and outlawed by the Court of Justiciary 1694; attainted by Act of Parliament 1695, whereupon both his peerage titles were forfeited; in charge of affairs at the exiled Court of St Germain 1692-1713; appointed in the will of King James II to the Council to assist the young Prince, the titular King James III & VIII, and the Queen Dowager, his mother; created Viscount Clermont and Earl of Monmouth by the titular King James III & VIII sometime before 17 Oct 1701 under the terms of his father's will; Great Chamberlain to the Queen Mother 1714-18


Upon the attainder of the 2nd Earl of Middleton in 1695 both his titles were forfeited to the Crown.


 First written 2 Sep 2004



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