Cracroft's Peerage
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Pelham, Baron (E, 1706 - 1768)


Creation: let.pat. 16 Dec 1706


Extinct: 17 Nov 1768


Family name: Pelham later Pelham-Holles




Azure three Pelicans Argent vulning themselves in the breast Gules


A Peacock in his pride Argent


Dexter:  a Bay Horse;  Sinister:  a Bear proper, each collared Or and gorged with a Belt Argent buckled and studded Gold


 Vicit Amor Patria



Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham

1st son and heir of Sir John Pelham, 3rd Bt., of Laughton, co. Sussex, by his wife Lady Lucy Sydney, 2nd dau. of Robert [Sydney], 2nd Earl of Leicester


c. 1653

mar. (1)

26 Nov 1679 Elizabeth Jones (b. c. 1664; bur. spm. 13 Oct 1681 at Laughton, co. Sussex), dau. and hrss. of Sir William Jones, of Ramsbury, co. Wiltshire, Attorney-General 1675-79, by his wife Elizabeth Alleyne, dau. of Edmund Alleyne, of Hatfield Peverell, co. Essex

children by first wife

1. Hon Lucy Pelham (bur. vp. 2 May 1689)

2. Hon Elizabeth Pelham (b. Oct 1681; d. 11 May 1711), mar. 3 Jul 1698 as his first wife Charles [Townshend], 2nd Viscount Townshend, and had issue

mar. (2)

21 May 1686 Lady Grace Holles (b. c. 1668; d. 13 Sep 1700; bur. at Laughton, co. Sussex), sister and cohrss. of John [Holles], 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 4th dau. of Gilbert [Holles], 3rd Earl of Clare, by his wife Grace Pierrepont (d. Jul 1702), 2nd dau. of Hon William Pierrepont MP, of Thoresby, co. Nottingham (by his wife Elizabeth Harris, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Harris, of Tong Castle, co. Salop), (2nd son of Robert [Pierrepont], 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull

children by second wife

1. Hon Thomas Pelham later Pelham-Holles, later 2nd Baron Pelham later 1st Earl of Clare later 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne later 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2. Rt Hon Henry Pelham, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Seaford 1717-22 and for Sussex 1720-54, a Lord of the Treasury 1721, Secretary at War 1724, Paymaster of the Forces 1730, First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1743-46 and 1746-54 (b. 1696; dspm. 6 Mar 1754), mar. 29 Oct 1726 Lady Catherine Manners (d. 18 Feb 1780), 1st dau. of John [Manners], 2nd Duke of Rutland, by his first wife Lady Catherine Russell, sister of Wriothesley [Russell], 2nd Duke of Bedford, and 2nd dau. of Hon William Russell, styled Lord Russell (by his wife Lady Rachel Wriothesley, 2nd dau. and eventual cohrss. of Thomas [Wriothesley], 4th Earl of Southampton), 1st son and heir ap. of William [Russell], 1st Duke of Bedford, and had issue:

1a. Catherine Pelham (b. 24 Jul 1727; d. 27 Jul 1760), mar. 3 Oct 1744 her cousin Henry [Clinton later Pelham-Clinton], 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, and had issue

2a. Grace Pelham (b. 18 Aug 1728; d. 31 Jul 1777), mar. 12 Oct 1752 Lewis [Monson later Watson], 1st Baron Sondes, and had issue

3. Hon Frances Pelham (dsps. 27 Jun 1756), mar. 31 May 1715 Christopher [Wandesford], 2nd Viscount Castlecomer, and had issue

4. Hon Lucy Pelham (d. 20 Jul 1736), mar. 16 May 1717 Henry [Clinton], 7th Earl of Lincoln, and had issue

5. Hon Margaret Pelham (b. c. 1700; d. 23 Nov 1758; bur. at Clapham, co. Sussex), mar. 16 Mar 1726/7 as his second wife Sir John Shelley, 4th Bt., of Michelgrove, co. Sussex, and had issue


23 Feb 1711/2 (bur. at Laughton, co. Sussex)


16 Dec 1706 Baron Pelham, of Laughton in the County of Sussex

suc. by

son by first wife


Member of Parliament (Whig) for East Grinstead1678-79, for Lewes 1679-1702, and for Sussex 1702-05; a Commissioner for Customs 1689-91; a Lord of the Treasury 1689/90-90/1, 1698-99 and 1701-02; suc. his father as 4th Baronet 20 Jan 1702/3; Vice-Admiral of Sussex 1705


Thomas [Pelham later Pelham-Holles], 2nd Baron Pelham later 1st Earl of Clare later 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne later 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG PC


19 Oct 1714 Viscount Haughton and Earl of Clare, with remainder failing his issue male to his younger brother Hon Henry Pelham

11 Aug 1715 Marquess of Clare and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with a like special remainder

17 Nov 1756 Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to Henry Clinton, Earl of Lincoln, and the heirs male of his body, by Catherine, his wife, niece of the grantee

4 May 1762 Baron Pelham, of Stanmer in the County of Sussex, with a special remainder in favour of his cousin and heir male


The Barony of Pelham was held by the 1st Earl of Clare (later 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne) until his death on 17 Nov 1768 when all his titles became extinct except for the Dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne and the 1762 Barony of Pelham.


 First written 11 Feb 2003



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