Cracroft's Peerage
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Spencer, Baron (E, 1603)


Creation: let. pat. 21 Jul 1603


Family name: Spencer




Quarterly Argent and Gules in the second and third quarters a Fret Or on a Bend Sable three Escallops of the first


Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Griffin's head between two Wings expanded Argent collared and armed Gules


Dexter: A Griffin per fess Argent and Or; Sinister: A Wyvern Argent wings expanded, both collared and chained Sable, each collar charged with three Escallops of the first


Dieu Défend Le Droit


See note on The Heraldry of the Early Spencers



Robert [Spencer], 1st Baron Spencer

only child of Sir John Spencer, of Wormleighton, co. Warwick, and Althorp, co. Northampton, by his wife Mary Catelin, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Robert Catelin, of Berne, co. Dorset, Chief Justice of the King's Bench




15 Feb 1587/8 Margaret Willoughby (d. 17 Aug 1597; bur. at Great Brington, co. Northampton), 3rd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Francis Willoughby, of Wollaton, co. Nottingham (by his first wife Elizabeth Lyttelton, dau. of Sir John Lyttelton, of Frankley, co. Worcester), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir of Sir Henry Willoughby, of Wollaton, co. Nottingham, by his wife Lady Anne Grey, 4th dau. of Thomas [Grey], 2nd Marquess of Dorset


1. Hon John Spencer (b. shortly bef. 6 Dec 1590; dvp. 6/16 Aug 1610)

2. Hon William Spencer, later 2nd Baron Spencer

3. Col Hon Richard Spencer, of Orpington, co. Kent, Member of Parliament for Northampton 1621, 1624, 1625, 1626 and 1628 and for Rye 1661 (bapt. 21 Oct 1593; d. 1 Nov 1661), mar. 1628 Mary Sandys, dau. of Sir Edwin Sandys MP, of Northbourne Court, co. Kent, and had issue

4. Hon Sir Edward Spencer, of Boston, co. Middlesex (d. 1666), mar. Mary Reade (widow of Sir William Reade, of Osterley, co. Middlesex), dau. of John Goldsmith, of Welby, co. Lincoln

1. Hon Mary Spencer (b. 1588; d. 1658), mar. Sir Richard Anderson, of Penley, co. Hertford (d. 3 Aug 1630), and had issue

2. Hon Elizabeth Spencer (dsp. and vp. 1618), mar. 1617 as his first wife Sir George Fane MP, of Burton Woodfolde and Merewold Castle, co, Kent (d. 26 Jun 1640)

3. Hon Margaret Spencer (dvp. 1613)


25 Oct 1627 (his body was bur. at Great Brington, co. Northampton, and his bowels at Wormleighton, co. Warwick)


21 Jul 1603 Baron Spencer, of Wormleighton in the County of Warwick

suc. by

only surv. son


Member of Parliament for Brackley 1597-98; Commissioner for Musters, co. Northampton 1600; knighted 1601; Sheriff of Northamptonshire 1601-02; took part in the Garter Mission to Stuttgart 1603


William [Spencer], 2nd Baron Spencer


4 Jan 1591/2


1617 Lady Penelope Wriothesley (b. shortly bef. 8 Nov 1598; d. 16 Jul 1667; bur. at Great Brington, co. Northampton), 1st dau. of Henry [Wriothesley], 3rd Earl of Southampton, by his wife Elizabeth Vernon, dau. of John Vernon, of Hodnet, co. Shropshire


1. Hon Henry Spencer, later 3rd Baron Spencer later 1st Earl of Sunderland

2. Hon Robert Spencer, Member of Parliament for Great Bedwin 1660 and for Brackley 1661-79, a Commissioner of Appeals for regulating the Excise 1662-89, cr. 20 Oct 1685 Viscount of Teviot (Peerage of Scotland), Commissioner of the Privy Seal 1685-86/7 (bapt. 2 Feb 1628/9; dsp. by suicide 20 May 1694), mar. Jane Spencer (d. 10 Jun 1689; bur. at Yarnton, co. Oxford), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Spencer, 3rd Bt., of Yarnton, co. Oxford, by his wife Jane Garrard, dau. of Sir John Garrard, 2nd Bt., of Lamer, co. Hertford

3. Hon William Spencer, of Ashton, co. Lancaster, mar. Hon Elizabeth Gerard, only dau. of Dutton [Gerard], 3rd Baron Gerard, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth O'Brien, 3rd dau. and cohrss. of Henry [O'Brien], 4th Earl of Thomond, and had issue

1. Hon Elizabeth Spencer (b. 16 Feb 1617/8; dsp. 11 Aug 1672), mar. (1) 4 Dec 1634 John [Craven], 1st Baron Craven, (2) 7 Jul 1648 Hon Henry Howard, of Revensby, co. Lincoln (dsp. 1663), 3rd son of Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Berkshire, and (3) as his second wife William [Crofts], 1st Baron Crofts

2. Hon Anne Spencer, mar. Sir Robert Agborough later Townshend, of Hem, co. Denbigh, and had issue

3. Hon Alice Spencer (bapt. 29 Dec 1625; d. bef. 1712), mar. Henry [Moore], 1st Earl of Drogheda, and had issue

4. Hon Margaret Spencer (bapt. 19 Jan 1627; dsp. 1693), mar. 30 Aug 1655 as his third wife Anthony [Ashley-Cooper], 1st Earl of Shaftesbury


19 Dec 1636 (bur. at Great Brington, co. Northampton)

suc. by

eldest son


Member of Parliament for Brackley 1614 and for Northamptonshire 1620-22, 1624-25 and 1626; Knight of the Bath at the creation of Charles, Prince of Wales 1616; Deputy Lieutenant for Northamptonshire bef. 1618 until 1621 and after 1624


Henry [Spencer], 3rd Baron Spencer later 1st Earl of Sunderland


8 Jun 1643 Earl of Sunderland


The Barony of Spencer has been held by the Earls of Sunderland since 8 Jun 1643 and by the Dukes of Marlborough since 24 Oct 1733.


 Last updated 16 Apr 2012



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