Cracroft's Peerage
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Wellesley, Marquess (I, 1799 - 1842)


Creation: let.pat. 2 Dec 1799


Extinct: 26 Sep 1842


Family name: Wesley later Wellesley




Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Gules a Cross Argent between five Plates saltirewise in each quarter (Wellesley);  2nd and 3rd, Or a Lion rampant Gules ducally gorged of the field (Colley);  and as an Honourable Augmentation, by Sign Manual in Dec 1790, an Inescutcheon Purpure charge with an Estoile radiated wavy between eight Spots of the Royal Tiger in pairs saltirewise Or, representing the Standard of the Sultan of Mysore


1st:  Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Demi Lion rampant Gules holding a Banner Purpure charged with an Estoile radiated wavy between eight Spots of the Royal Tiger in pairs saltirewise Or Staff Gold surmounted by a Pennon Argent charged with the Cross of St George, motto over in Hindustan characters;  2nd:  A Cubit Arm erect vested Gules enfiled with a Ducal Coronet Or holding a Staff bendwise on the top thereof the Union Standard of Great Britain and Ireland and underneath the Mysore Standard all proper


Dexter:  a Lion Gules holding in the off-paw the Republican Flag of France inscribed "Republic of France" within a Wreath of Laurel the Staff broken all proper;  Sinister:  the Royal Tiger Guard Vert spotted Or supporting in the off-paw the Mysore Standard Staff also broken all proper, both supporters ducally crowned and chained Gold


Above the second crest:  Virtutis Fortuna Comes;  Beneath the shield:  Porro Unum Est Necessarium



Richard [Wesley later Wellesley], 2nd Earl of Mornington later 1st Marquess Wellesley, KG KP PC

1st son and heir of Garret [Wesley], 1st Earl of Mornington, by his wife Hon Anne Hill-Trevor, 1st dau. of Arthur [Hill later Hill-Trevor], 1st Viscount Dungannon


20 Jun 1760

mar. (1)

29 Nov 1794 his mistress Hyacinthe Gabrielle Roland (d. 7 Nov 1816), dau. of Pierre Roland, of Paris

mar. (2)

29 Oct 1825 Marianne Paterson, Lady of the Bedchamber to Dowager Queen Adelaide (widow of Robert Paterson; d. 17 Dec 1853), 1st dau. of Richard Caton, of Baltimore, Maryland, USA, by his wife Mary Carroll, dau. of Charles Carroll, of Carrollstown, Maryland, USA


s.p.legit. 26 Sep 1842


20 Oct 1797 Baron Wellesley, of Wellesley in the County of Somerset [GB]

2 Dec 1799 Marquess Wellesley [I]

suc. by

brother (in the Earldom of Mornington only)


Member of Parliament for Trim 1780-81, for Beeralston 1784-86, for Saltash 1786-87, for Windsor 1787-96 and for Old Sarum 1796-97; suc. his father 22 May 1781 as 2nd Earl of Mornington; Custos Rotulorum for co. Meath 1781-1842; Grand Master of Freemasons of Ireland 1782-83; Founder Knight of St Patrick 1783; Privy Councillor [I] 1784 and [GB] 1793; a Lord of the Treasury 1786-97; a Commissioner for Indian Affairs 1793-97; Governor of Madras 1797 and Governor-General of Bengal 1797-1805; Chief Remembrancer of the Irish Court of Exchequer 1798; Commander-in-Chief of Bengal 1800-05; Ambassador to the Central Junta of Spain 1809; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1809-1812; Knight of the Garter 1810 (when he resigned the Order of St Patrick); Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1821-28 and 1833-34; Lord Steward of the Household 1830-33; Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1835


On the death of the 1st Marquess Wellesley the Barony and Marquessate of Wellesley became extinct and his other titles passed to his younger brother, William [Wesley later Wellesley later Wellesley-Pole], 1st Baron Maryborough.




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