Cracroft's Peerage
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Cleveland, Duke of (E, 1670 - 1774)


Creation: let.pat. 3 Aug 1670


Extinct: 18 May 1774


Family name: Palmer later FitzRoy




The Royal Arms of Charles II, viz Quarterly: 1st and 4th, France and England quarterly; 2nd, Scotland; 3rd, Ireland; the whole debruised by a Baton sinister Ermine


On a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant guardant Or ducally crowned Azure and gorged with a Collar compony counter-compony Ermine and Azure


Dexter:  a Lion guardant Or ducally crowned Azure;  Sinister:  a Greyhound Argent, each gorged with a Collar company counter-compony Ermine and Azure


Secundis dubusque rectus



Hon Barbara Villiers later Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine later suo jure Duchess of Cleveland

only child of William [Villiers], 2nd Viscount Grandison, by his wife Hon Mary Bayning, 3rd dau. of Paul [Bayning], 1st Viscount Bayning


c. 1641

mar. (1)

14 Apr 1659 Roger [Palmer], 1st Earl of Castlemaine

mar. (2)

25 Nov 1705 (annulled 1707) Col Robert Feilding MP ("Beau Feilding") (former husband of Mary Wadsworth, and mar. (3) Lady Margaret Villiers (widow of (1) Charles [MacCarty], 3rd Viscount Muskerry, and (2) Robert Villiers alias Danvers, self styled Viscount Purbeck; d. Aug 1698), only dau. and hrss. of Ulick [Bourke], 1st Marquess of Clanricarde, by his wife Lady Anne Compton, 2nd dau. of William [Compton], 1st Earl of Northampton; d. 12 May 1712)

children by King Charles II

1. Hon Charles Palmer later Lord Charles FitzRoy, later 2nd Duke of Cleveland and 1st Duke of Southampton

2. Hon Henry Palmer later Lord Henry FitzRoy, later 1st Earl of Euston later 1st Duke of Grafton

3. Hon George Palmer later Lord George FitzRoy, later 1st Earl of Northumberland later 1st Duke of Northumberland

1. Lady Anne Palmer later FitzRoy (b. 25 Feb 1661/2; d. 16 May 1722), mar. 16 May 1674 her second cousin once removed Thomas [Lennard], 1st Earl of Sussex, and had issue

2. Lady Charlotte Palmer later FitzRoy (b. 5 Sep 1664; d. 17 Feb 1717/8), mar. 6 Feb 1676/7 Edward Henry [Lee], 1st Earl of Lichfield, and had issue

3 (?). Lady Barbara FitzRoy, Prioress of Hotel Dieu, Pontoise, France (b. 1672; dsp. legit. 1737)


9 Oct 1709


3 Aug 1670 Baroness Nonsuch, of Nonsuch in the County of Surrey, Countess of Southampton and Duchess of Cleveland for life, with remainder of these dignities to her eldest son, Charles Palmer, styled Lord Limerick, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to George Palmer, her second (sic?) son in like manner

suc. by



first met King Charles II at the Hague in 1659; she accompanied the King back to England in 1660 and as his mistress exercised a large degree of influence over the King until the end of their affair in 1668; her sorrow at the loss of Royal Favour was somewhat mollified by her being created a duchess in her own right in 1670; a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Catherine 1662; Ranger of Bushy Park 1677


Charles [Palmer later FitzRoy], 1st Duke of Southampton later 2nd Duke of Cleveland, KG


18 Jun 1662

mar. (1)

1671 and 1677 Mary Wood (dsp. 15 Nov 1680), only dau. and hrss. of Sir Henry Wood, Bt., Clerk of the Green Cloth, by his second wife Margaret Gardiner, dau. of Sir Thomas Gardiner, Solicitor-General 1645-47

mar. (2)

betw. 25 Oct and 10 Nov 1694 Anne Pulteney (b. 25 Nov 1663; mar. (2) about 5 Aug 1733 Philip Southcote, of Chertsey, co. Surrey; d. 20 Feb 1745/6), dau. of Sir William Pulteney, of Misterton, co. Leicester, by his wife Grace Corbet, dau. of Sir John Corbet, 1st Bt., of Stoke, co. Stafford

children by second wife

1. Lord William FitzRoy, later 3rd Duke of Cleveland and 2nd Duke of Southampton

2. Lord Charles FitzRoy (b. 1699; dvp. 1723)

3. Lord Henry FitzRoy (b. 1701; dvp. 1708)

1. Lady Barbara FitzRoy (d. unm.)

2. Lady Grace FitzRoy (b. 28 Mar 1697; d. 29 Sep 1763), mar. 2 Sep 1725 Henry [Vane], 1st Earl of Darlington, and had issue

3. Lady Anne FitzRoy, mar. Francis Paddy


9 Sep 1730


v.m. 10 Sep 1675 Baron Newbury, of Newbury in the County of Berkshire, Earl of Chichester and Duke of Southampton, with remainder in default of male issue to his brother George

suc. by

son by second wife


in right of his legal father, the Earl of Castlemaine, he was known in his infancy as Charles Palmer, styled Lord Limerick, but as Charles FitzRoy, styled Earl of Southampton, after his mother's elevation to a Dukedom in 1670; Knight of the Garter 1673


William [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Cleveland and 2nd Duke of Southampton


19 Feb 1697/8


22 Jan 1731/2 Lady Henrietta Finch (b. 1705; dsp. 14 Apr 1742), 4th dau. of Daniel [Finch], 7th Earl of Winchilsea, by his second wife Hon Anne Hatton, only dau. by his first wife and hrss. in her issue of Christopher [Hatton], 1st Viscount Hatton


s.p. 18 May 1774


Receiver General of the Profits of the Seals in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and Comptroller of the Seal and Green Wax Office


On the death of the 3rd Duke of Cleveland the Dukedoms of Cleveland and Southampton became extinct. In 1827 his great-nephew, William Harry [Vane], 3rd Earl of Darlington,was created Marquess of Cleveland and in 1833 Duke of Cleveland.


 Last reviewed 29 Mar 2007



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