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Grandison, Viscount (I, 1621)


Creation: let.pat. 3 Jan 1620/1


Family name: St John later Villiers













Nicholas St John, of Lydiard Tregoz, co. Wiltshire, mar. Elizabeth Blount, dau. of Sir Richard Blount, of Mapledurham, co. Oxford, and had issue:

1. Sir John St John, of Lydiard Tregoz, co. Wiltshire (b. c. 1552; d. 1594), mar. as her first husband Lucy Hungerford, dau. and hrss. of Sir Walter Hungerford, of Farley, co. Wiltshire, and had issue:

1a. Walter St John, of Lydiard Tregoz, co. Wiltshire (d. 1597)

2a. Sir John St John, 1st Bt.

3a. Oliver St John (dvp. young)

1a. Barbara St John (bur. 16 Sep 1672), mar. Sir Edward Villiers, President of Munster 1622 (d. 7 Sep 1626), 2nd son of Sir George Villiers, of Brokesby, co. Leicester, by his first wife Audrey Saunders (d. 1 May 1588), dau. and hrss. of William Saunders, of Harrington, co. Northampton, and had issue:

1b. William Villiers, later 2nd Viscount Grandison

2b. John Villiers, later 3rd Viscount Grandison

3b. George Villiers, later 4th Viscount Grandison

4b. Christopher Villiers (bapt. 8 Apr 1619; d. young)

5b. Sir Edward Villiers, of Richmond, co. Surrey, Knight Marshal of the Household, Governor of Tynemouth Castle (bapt. 15 Apr 1620; bur. 2 Jul 1689), mar. (1) Lady Frances Howard (bur. 27 Nov 1677), 5th dau. of Theophilus [Howard], 2nd Earl of Suffolk, and (2) 25 Feb 1686/4 Martha Love (d. 1738), and had issue by his first wife:

1c. Edward Villiers, later 1st Earl of Jersey

2c. Col Henry Villiers, Governor of Tynemouth Castle 1702-07 (d. 18 Aug 1707), mar., and had issue

1c. Elizabeth Villiers, Maid-of-Honour to Queen Mary II and mistress to King William III (d. 19 Apr 1733), mar. 26 Nov 1695 George [Hamilton], 1st Earl of Orkney, and had issue

2c. Katherine Villiers, mar. (1) 20 Jul 1685 Louis James Le Vasseur, Marquis de Puissar (d. 1701), and (2) 1702 her cousin Col Hon William Villiers (d. 7 Sep 1723), 2nd son by his first wife of George [Villiers], 4th Viscount Grandison

3c. Barbara Villiers (d. 19 Sep 1708), mar. John [Berkeley], 4th Viscount FitzHardinge, and had issue

4c. Anne Villiers (d. Nov 1688). mar. 1 Feb 1677/8 as his first wife Hans William [Bentinck], 1st Earl of Portland, and had issue

5c. Henrietta Villiers (d. 1 Feb 1719/20), mar. 23 May 1695 as his second wife John [Campbell], 2nd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, and had issue

6c. Mary Villiers (d. 17 Apr 1753), mar. Apr 1691 as his second wife her cousin William [O'Brien], 3rd Earl of Inchiquin, and had issue

1b. Barbara Villiers (bapt. 1 Jun 1622; d. 13 Dec 1681), mar. (1) Hon Richard Wenman (dsp. and vp. 20 Jun 1646), only son of Thomas [Wenman], 2nd Viscount Wenman, (2) Sir Richard Wentworth, and (3) 15 Feb 1650/1 as his second wife James [Howard], 3rd Earl of Suffolk, and had issue by her third husband

2b. Elizabeth Villiers (d. bef. 15 Dec 1654), mar. Robert [Douglas], 8th Earl of Morton, and had issue

3b. Eleanor Villiers (bur. 16 Jul 1685)

2. Oliver St John, later 1st Viscount Grandison

3. Richard St John

1. Elizabeth St John, mar. 1575 Sir Richard St George, Clarenceux King of Arms, and had issue

2. Eleanor St John, mar. Sir Thomas Cave, and had issue


Oliver [St John], 1st Viscount Grandison, PC


c. 1560


Joan Holcroft (widow of Sir William Holcroft;  d. late Feb 1630/1 (bur. in Battersea, co. Surrey), dau. and hrss. of Henry Roydon, of Battersea, co. Surrey


s.p. 29 Dec 1630 (bur. in Battersea, co. Surrey)


3 Jan 1620/1 Viscount Grandison, of Limerick in the County of Leitrim, with a special remainder, failing the heirs male of his body to those of his niece, Barbara, daughter of Sir John de St John, of Lydiard Tregoz, co. Wiltshire, by her husband, Sir Edward Villiers, President of Munster (Peerage of Ireland)

21 May 1626 Baron Tregoz, of Highworth in the County of Wiltshire (Peerage of England)

suc. by

great nephew


served in the Army in Flanders;  Member of Parliament for Cirencester 1592-93, for Portsmouth 1604-06 and for co. Roscommon 1613-15;  knighted 1599/1600;  fought against the Spaniards at the Battle of Kinsale 1601;  Master General of the Irish Ordnance 1605-14;  Privy Councillor [I] 1605;  President of Munster and Vice President of Connaught;  Lord Deputy 1616-22;  Privy Councillor [E] 1622;  Lord High Treasurer of Ireland 1625-30;  on his death the English Barony of Tregoz became extinct


William [Villiers], 2nd Viscount Grandison




31 Oct 1639 Hon Mary Bayning (b. c. 1623; mar. (2) 25 Apr 1648 Charles [Villiers], 2nd Earl of Anglesey, and (3) Arthur Gorges, of Chelsea, co. Middlesex (dsp. 18 Apr 1668 ; bur. at Chelsea, co. Middlesex); d. bef. 26 Jan 1671/2), 3rd dau. of Paul [Bayning], 1st Viscount Bayning, by his wife Anne Glemham, dau. of Sir Henry Glemham, of Glemham, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Anne Sackville, 1st dau. of Thomas [Sackville], 1st Earl of Dorset

only child

1a. Hon Barbara Villiers, later suo jure Duchess of Cleveland


s.p.m. 30 Sep 1643 (bur. in Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford)

suc. by



knighted at the installation of the Prince of Wales as a Knight of the Garter 1638; as supporter of the Royal cause in the Civil War, he was mortally wounded at the Siege of Bristol


John [Villiers], 3rd Viscount Grandison



Catherine Clarke (bur. 16 Jan 1683/4 in St Martin's-in-the-Fields, co. Middlesex), dau. of John Clarke, of Ardington, co. Berkshire, by his wife Catherine Bateman, dau. of John Bateman, of Tottenham Court, co. Middlesex


s.p. 9 Nov 1659

suc. by



fought against the rebel Irish at the Battle of Dungan Hill 1647


George [Villiers], 4th Viscount Grandison


mar. (1)

bef. 1652 his first cousin once removed Lady Mary Leigh (d. 7 Jul 1671; bur. at Brantfield, co. Hertford), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Francis [Leigh], 1st Earl of Chichester, by his second wife Hon Audrey Anderson (widow of Sir Francis Anderson), sister and cohrss. of William [Boteler], 2nd Baron Boteler of Brantfield, and 1st dau. of John [Boteler], 1st Baron Boteler of Brantfield, by his wife Elizabeth Villiers, half-sister of George [Villiers], 1st Duke of Buckingham, and 1st dau. by his first wife of Sir George Villiers, of Brokesby, co. Leicester

children by first wife

1. Brig Gen Hon Edward Villiers later FitzGerald (dvp. 1693), mar. 25 Mar 1676/7 Katherine Power, granted the style and precedence of a Viscountess by Royal Warrant 1699/1700 (b. Aug 1660; widow of her cousin John [Power], 2nd Earl of Tyrone; mar. (3) General Rt Hon William Steuart MP, Commander-in-Chief in Ireland (b. 1643; d. 4 Jun 1726), 2nd son of Col William Stewart by his wife Barbara Stewart, 2nd dau. of Henry Stewart, of Corrigan, co. Tyrone (by his wife Margaret Urie, dau. of William Urie of Pitsligo), 2nd son of John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Arran; d. 26 Dec 1725; bur. in Westminster Abbey), only child and hrss. of Sir John FitzGerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford, by his first wife Hon Katherine Power, sister of Richard [Power], 1st Earl of Tyrone, and 1st dau. of John [Power], 5th Baron Le Power and Coroghmore, and had issue:

1a. George FitzGerald-Villiers (dvp. an infant)

2a. Hon John FitzGerald-Villiers, later 5th Viscount Grandison later 1st Earl Grandison

1a. Mary FitzGerald-Villiers (d. 24 Dec 1725), mar. her stepfather's nephew Brig Gen William Steuart, of Ballyblane, co. Waterford (d. 10 Nov 1736; bur. in Bath Abbey), 1st son of Capt James Steuart, elder brother of General Rt Hon William Steuart MP

2a. Harriet FitzGerald-Villiers (d. 21 Oct 1736), mar. Robert Pitt MP, of Boconnock, co. Cornwall, Clerk of the Board of Green Cloth (d. 20 May 1727), and had issue

2. Col Hon Richard Villiers (dsp. 7 Sep 1723), mar. 1702 his cousin Katherine Le Vasseur (widow of Louis James Le Vasseur, Marquis de Puissar), 2nd dau. of his uncle Sir Edward Villiers, of Richmond, co. Surrey, Knight Marshal of the Household, Governor of Tynemouth Castle, by his first wife Lady Frances Howard, 5th dau. of Theophilus [Howard], 2nd Earl of Suffolk

1. Hon Audrey Villiers, mar. 28 Apr 1668 Richard Harrison MP, of Balls, co. Hertford, and had issue

2. Hon Mary Villiers, mar. 9 Jun 1677 Skynner Byde, of Ware Park, co. Hertford

3. Hon Anne Villiers, mar. Edward Rumbould, Surveyor-General of Customs (bapt. 5 Jun 1665; dsp. 19 Aug 1729), 1st son and heir of William Rumbould, of Parson's Green, co. Middlesex, Comptroller of the Great Wardrobe and Surveyor-General of Customs, by his wife Mary Barclay, dau. of William Barclay, Esquire of the Body to King Charles I

mar. (2)

after 14 Nov 1674 Mary Starling (b. c. 1628; widow of Sir Samuel Starling, Lord Mayor of London; d. 1700), dau. of Richard Garford, of the Minories, London, tallow chandler


16 Dec 1699 (bur. at Brantfield, co. Hertford)

suc. by


knighted 1644; Capt of a Troop of Horse 1660; received large grants of land in King's County 1674; Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard 1662-88/9


John [FitzGerald-Villiers], 5th Viscount Grandison later 1st Earl Grandison


11 Sep 1721 Earl Grandison


The Viscountcy of Grandison was held by the 1st Earl Grandison from 11 Sep 1721 until 14 May 1766, when on his death the Earldom of Grandison became extinct and the Viscountcy of Grandison passed to his second cousin once removed, William [Villiers], 3rd Earl of Jersey. The Viscountcy of Grandison has been held by the Earls of Jersey since that date.


 First written 19 Feb 2012



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