Cracroft's Peerage
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Castlemaine, Earl of (I, 1661 - 1705)


Creation: let.pat. 11 Dec 1661


Extinct: 28 Jul 1705


Family name: Palmer




Or two Bars Gules each charged with three Trefoils Argent in chief a Greyhound courant Sable


A Demi Panther rampant issuing Flames out of its mouth and ears holding in the paws a Holly Branch leaved and berried all proper


On either side a Lion guardant Argent


 Palma Virtuti



Roger [Palmer], 1st Earl of Castlemaine, PC

only son of Sir James Palmer, of Dorney, co. Buckingham, Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, by his second wife Hon Catherine Vaughan, widow of Sir Robert Vaughan, of Lydiard, co. Montgomery, and 1st dau. of William [Herbert], 1st Baron Powis


4 Sep 1634


14 Apr 1659 Hon Barbara Villiers, cr. 3 Aug 1670 Baroness Nonsuch, of Nonsuch in the County of Surrey, Countess of Southampton and Duchess of Cleveland for life, with remainder of these dignities to her eldest son, Charles Palmer, styled Lord Limerick, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to George Palmer, her second (sic?) son in like manner (b. c. 1641; mar. (2) 25 Nov 1705 (annulled 1707) Col Robert Feilding MP ("Beau Feilding"); d. 9 Oct 1709) dau. and sole hrss. of William [Villiers], 2nd Viscount Grandison,  by his wife Hon Mary Bayning, 3rd dau. of Paul [Bayning], 1st Viscount Bayning


s.p. 28 Jul 1705 (bur. at Welshpool, co. Montgomery)


11 Dec 1661 Baron Limerick and Earl of Castlemaine


admitted to the Inner Temple 1656;  Member of Parliament for Windsor 1660-61;  in or before 1661 his wife deserted him and became the mistress of King Charles II, by whom she had several children; was committed to the Old Bailey with other "Popish Lords" 1678, released on bail 1678/9, re-committed 1679 and tried and acquitted 1680 for his supposed part in the plot fabricated by Rev Titus Oates;  sent on an Embassy to Constantinople and to Rome;  Privy Councillor 1687;  excepted from the Act of Indemnity 1690


On the death of the 1st Earl of Castlemaine both his peerage titles became extinct.


 First written 3 Oct 2007



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