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Palmerston, Viscount (I, 1723 - 1865)


Creation: let.pat. 12 Mar 1722/3


Extinct: 18 Oct 1865


Family name: Temple




Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Or an Eagle displayed Sable (for Leofric, Earl of Mercia); 2nd and 3rd, Or two Bars Azure each charged with three Martlets Azure (Temple)


A Talbot sejant Sable collared and lined Or


Dexter:  a Lion reguardant Pean;  Sinister:  a Horse reguardant Argent maned tailed and hoofed Or


Flecti Non Frangi



1Henry [Temple], 1st Viscount Palmerston

2nd but 1st surv. son and heir of Sir John Temple, of East Sheen, co. Surrey, and Palmerston, co. Dublin, Solicitor-General, Attorney-General and Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, by his wife Jane Yarner, dau. of Sir Abraham Yarner, of Dublin, Muster-Master-General of Ireland


c. 1673

mar. (1)

Anne Houblon (d. 8 Dec 1735), sister and hrss. of Sir Richard Houblon, and dau. of Abraham Houblon, Governor of the Bank of England, by his wife Dorothy Hubert, dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard Hubert, of Langley, co. Buckingham

children by first wife

1. Hon Henry Temple (dvp. 18 Aug 1740), mar. (1) 18 Jun 1735 Elizabeth Lee (dsp. 8 Oct 1736), dau. of Col Francis Lee, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Lee, 3rd dau. of Edward Henry [Lee], 1st Earl of Lichfield, and (2) 12 Sep 1738 Jane Barnard (d. 28 Jan 1789), dau. of Sir John Barnard MP, Lord Mayor of London 1737-38, by his wife Jane Godschall, dau. of John Godschall, and had issue by his second wife:

1a. Henry [Temple], later 2nd Viscount Palmerston

2. Hon Richard Temple MP, of Romsey, co. Hampshire (d. 8 Aug 1749), mar. Henrietta Pelham (b. 1 Aug 1730; mar. (2) 5 Feb 1753 George [Nevill], 1st Earl of Abergavenny; d. 31 Aug 1768), sister of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Earl of Chichester, and dau. of Thomas Pelham MP, of Stanmer, co. Sussex, by his wife Annetta Bridges, dau. of Thomas Bridges, a merchant at Constantinople

mar. (2)

11 May 1738 Isabella Fryer (widow of Sir John Fryer, Bt.; d. 11 Aug 1762), dau. of Sir Francis Gerard, 2nd Bt., by his wife Isabel Cheek, dau. of Sir Thomas Cheek


10 Jun 1757


12 Mar 1722/3 Baron Temple, of Mount Temple in the County of Sligo, and Viscount Palmerston, of Palmerston in the County of Dublin

suc. by



granted for life the reversion of the Office of Chief Remembrancer of Ireland 1680; Member of Parliament (Whig) for East Grinstead 1727-34, for Bossiney 1734-41 and for Weobley 1711-47


Henry [Temple], 2nd Viscount Palmerston


4 Dec 1739

mar. (1)

6 Oct 1767 Frances Poole (dsp. 1 Jun 1769), only dau. of Sir Francis Poole, 2nd Bt., of Poole, co. Chester, by his wife Frances Pelham, 2nd dau. of Henry Pelham, of Stanmer, co. Sussex, brother of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham

mar. (2)

5 Jan 1783 Mary Mee (d. 20 Jan 1805), 2nd dau. of Benjamin Thomas Mee, of Bath

children by second wife

1. Hon Henry John Temple, later 3rd Viscount Palmerston

2. Hon Sir William Temple KCB, minister plenipotentiary to the Court of Naples (b. 19 Jan 1788; d. 24 Aug 1856)

1. Hon Frances Temple (d. 1838), mar. 9 Aug 1820 Vice Admiral William Bowles RN

2. Hon Elizabeth Temple (d. 1837), mar. 1811 Rt Hon Laurence Sullivan MP, of Ponsbourne Park, co. Hertford, and had issue


16 Apr 1802

suc. by

son by second wife


Member of Parliament for East Looe 1762-68, for Southampton 1768-74, for Hastings 1774-84, for Boroughbridge 1784-90, for Newport in the Isle of Wight 1790-96 and for Winchester 1796-1802; a Lord of Trade 1765-66; a Lord of the Admiralty 1766-67 and of the Treasury 1777-82


Henry John [Temple], 3rd Viscount Palmerston, KG GCB PC


20 Oct 1784


16 Dec 1839 Hon Emily Mary Cowper (b. 21 Apr 1787; widow of Peter Leopold Louis Francis Nassau [Cowper], 5th Earl Cowper; d. 11 Sep 1869), 1st dau. of Peniston [Lamb], 1st Viscount Melbourne, by his wife Elizabeth Milbanke, dau. of Sir Ralph Milbanke, 5th Bt., of Halnaby, co. York


s.p. 18 Oct 1865


Member of Parliament for Newport in the Isle of Wight 1807-11, for the University of Cambridge 1811-31, for Bletchingley 1831-32, for South Hampshire 1832-34 and for Tiverton 1835-65; a Lord of the Admiralty 1807-09; Privy Councillor 1809; Secretary at War 1809-28; Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1830-34, 1835-41 and 1846-51; GCB 1832; Home Secretary 1852-55; First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1855-58 and 1859-65; Knight of the Garter 1856; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1860-65 and Master of the Trinity House 1862-65; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1861-65; Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow 1862-65


On the death of the 3rd Viscount Palmerston both his titles became extinct.


Last updated 21 Jan 2003



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