Cracroft's Peerage
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Sydney, Viscount (GB, 1789 - 1890)


Creation: let.pat. 11 Jun 1789


Extinct: 14 Feb 1890


Family name: Townshend




See Earl Sydney



Thomas [Townshend], 1st Baron Sydney later 1st Viscount Sydney, PC

1st son and heir of Hon Thomas Townshend MP (by his wife Albinia Selwyn, dau. and hrss. in her issue of Col John Selwyn MP, of Matson, co. Gloucester, and of Chislehurst, co. Kent), 2nd son of Charles [Townshend], 2nd Viscount Townshend, by his first wife Hon Elizabeth Pelham, only surv. dau. and hrss. by his first wife of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham


24 Feb 1732/3


19 May 1760 Elizabeth Powys, a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Charlotte (b. 7 Apr 1736; d. 1 May 1826), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Richard Powys MP, of Hintlesham Hall, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Mary Brudenell, 2nd dau. of George [Brudenell], 3rd Earl of Cardigan


1. Hon John Thomas Townshend, later 2nd Viscount Sydney

2. Hon William Augustus Townshend (b. 10 Mar 1776; d. 3 Jul 1816)

3. Col Hon Sir Horatio George Powys Townshend KCH, Lieutenant-Governor of the Round Tower, Windsor Castle (b. 6 Jul 1780; d. 25 May 1843)

1. Hon Georgiana Townshend, State Housekeeper at Windsor Castle (b. 1 Jun 1761; d. 12 Sep 1835)

2. Hon Mary Elizabeth Townshend (b. 2 Sep 1762; dsp. 20 May 1821), mar. 10 Jul 1783 John [Pitt], 2nd Earl of Chatham

3. Hon Frances Townshend (b. 20 Feb 1772; d. 13 Aug 1854), mar. 20 Oct 1794 George Talbot [Rice later de Cardonnell later Rice], 3rd Baron Dynevor, and had issue

4. Hon Harriet Katherine Townshend (b. 20 Nov 1773; d. 24 Aug 1814), mar. 24 Mar 1795 her second cousin Charles William Henry [Scott later Montagu-Scott], 4th Duke of Buccleuch, and had issue


30 Jun 1800


6 Mar 1783 Baron Sydney, of Chislehurst in the County of Kent

11 Jun 1789 Viscount Sydney, of St Leonard's in the County of Gloucester

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Whig) for Whitchurch 1754-83; Clerk of the Household to George, Prince of Wales until 1760; Clerk of the Board of Green Cloth 1760-62; a Lord of the Treasury 1765-67; Privy Councillor 1767; Joint Paymaster-General of the Forces 1767-68; Secretary for War 1782; Home Secretary 1782-83 and 1783-89; President of the Board of Control 1784-90; Chief Justice in Eyre, South of Trent 1789-1800


John Thomas [Sydney], 2nd Viscount Sydney, PC


21 Feb 1764

mar. (1)

13 Apr 1790 Hon Sophia Southwell (b. 10 Jun 1771; d. 9 Nov 1795), 3rd dau. of Edward [Southwell], 20th Baron Clifford, by his wife Sophia Campbell, 3rd dau. of Samuel Campbell, of Mount Campbell, co. Leitrim

children by first wife

1. John Charles Southwell Townshend (b. 9 Nov 1795; dvp. 25 Sep 1796)

1. Hon Sophie Mary Townshend (dsp. 6 Dec 1852), mar. 18 Jan 1833 as his second wife Lt Col Hon Peregrine Francis Cust, 4th son of Brownlow [Cust], 1st Baron Brownlow, by his second wife Frances Bankes, only child of Alderman Sir Henry Bankes, of Wimbledon, co. Surrey

2. Hon Mary Elizabeth Townshend (d. 25 Dec 1847), mar. (1) 4 Oct 1825 as his third wife George James Cholmondeley, Receiver-General of Excise (b. 22 Feb 1752; d. 5 Nov 1830), 1st son of Rev Hon Robert Cholmondeley, Rector of St Andrew's Hertford (by his wife Mary Woffington, dau. of Arthur Woffington), 2nd son of George [Cholmondeley], 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley, and (2) 9 Feb 1832 as his second wife Charles [Marsham], 2nd Earl of Romney, and had issue by both husbands

mar. (2)

27 May 1802 Lady Caroline Elizabeth Letitia Clements (b. c. 1781; d. 9 Aug 1805), 3rd dau. of Robert [Clements], 1st Earl of Leitrim, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Skeffington, 1st dau. by his second wife of Clotworthy [Skeffington], 1st Earl of Massereene

only child by second wife

2. Hon John Robert Townshend, later 3rd Viscount Sydney later 1st Earl Sydney


20 Jan 1831

suc. by

son by second wife


Under Home Secretary 1783-89; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Newport (Isle of Wight) 1786-90 and for Whitchurch 1790-1800; a Lord of the Admiralty 1789-93; a Lord of the Treasury 1793-1800; Capt, Kent Yeomanry 1794; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1800-10; Ranger of Hyde Park and St James's Park 1807-31; High Steward of Great Yarmouth 1815-31


John Robert [Townshend], 3rd Viscount Sydney later 1st Earl Sydney, GCB PC


27 Feb 1874 Earl Sydney, of Scadbury in the County of Kent


The Viscountcy of Sydney was held by the 1st Earl Sydney from 27 Feb 1874 until his death on 14 Feb 1890, when both the Earldom and Viscountcy of Sydney became extinct.


 First written 11 Apr 2005



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