Cracroft's Peerage
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Chatham, Earl of (GB, 1766 - 1835)


Creation: let.pat. 4 Aug 1766


Extinct: 24 Sep 1835


Family name: Pitt




Sable a Fess chequy Argent and Azure between three Bezants


A Stork proper beaked and membered Or resting the dexter claw on an Anchor erect cabled of the last


Dexter:  a Lion rampant guardant proper charged on the right shoulder with an Acorn Or slipped and leaved Vert;  Sinister:  a Buck proper attired collared and chained Or


 Benigno Numine



William [Pitt], 1st Earl of Chatham, PC

2nd son of Robert Pitt MP, of Boconnock, co. Cornwall, by his wife Hon Harriet FitzGerald-Villiers, sister of John [FitzGerald-Villiers], 1st Earl Grandison, and 2nd dau. of Brig General Hon Edward Villiers later FitzGerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford (by his wife Katherine FitzGerald, dau. and hrss. of John FitzGerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford), 1st son and heir ap. of George [Villiers], 4th Viscount Grandison


15 Nov 1708


15 Nov 1754 Lady Hester Grenville, cr. 4 Dec 1761 Baroness Chatham, of Chatham in the County of Kent, with remainder to the heirs male of her body by her husband, Rt Hon William Pitt (b. 8 Nov 1720; d. 3 April 1803), sister of Richard [Grenville later Grenville-Temple], 2nd Earl Temple, and only dau. of Richard Grenville MP, of Wootton under Barnwood, co. Buckingham, by his wife Hester Temple, suo jure Viscountess Cobham later Countess Temple, sister and cohrss. of Richard [Temple], 1st Viscount Cobham, and 2nd surv. dau. of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt., of Stowe, co. Buckingham


1. Hon John Pitt, later 2nd Earl of Chatham

2. Rt Hon William Pitt MP, First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1783-1801 and 1804-06 (b. 18 May 1759; d. 23 Jan 1806)

3. Hon James Charles Pitt

1. Lady Hester Pitt (b. 19 Oct 1755; dspm.. 20 Jul 1780), mar. 19 Dec 1774 as his first wife Charles [Stanhope], 3rd Earl Stanhope, and had issue

2. Lady Harriet Pitt (b. 18 Apr 1758; dspm. 25 Sep 1786; bur. in Westminster Abbey), mar. 24 Sep 1785 Hon Edward James Eliot MP (b. 24 Aug 1758; dvp. and spm. 30 Sep 1797; bur. at Saint Germans, co. Cornwall), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir ap. of Edward [Eliot later Craggs-Eliot], 1st Baron Eliot, by his wife Catherine Elliston, only dau. and hrss. of Capt Edward Elliston, of Gestingthorpe, co. Essex, and had issue


11 May 1778


4 Aug 1766 Viscount Pitt, of Burton Pynsent in the County of Somerset, and Earl of Chatham, in the County of Kent

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Whig) for Old Sarum 1735-47, for Seaford 1747-54, for Aldborough 1754-56, for Buckingham 1756, for Oakhampton 1756-57 and for Bath 1757-66; Groom of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales 1737-45; Privy Councillor 1746; Paymaster General of the Forces 1746-55; Secretary of State for the South 1756-57 and 1757-61; Lord Privy Seal 1766-68 and effectively Prime Minister 1766-67


John [Pitt], 2nd Earl of Chatham, KG PC


9 Oct 1756


10 Jul 1783 Hon Mary Elizabeth Townshend (b. 2 Sep 1762; dsp. 21 May 1821), 2nd surv. dau. of Thomas [Townshend], 1st Viscount Sydney, by his wife Elizabeth Powys, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Richard Powys MP, of Hintlesham, co. Suffolk


s.p. 24 Sep 1835


Ensign, 47th Foot 1774, Lieut 39th Foot 1778, Captain, 86th Foot 1779, Lt Col 3rd Foot Guards 1792, Colonel 1793, Maj General 1795, Col of the 4th Foot 1799-1835, Lieut General 1802 and General 1812; First Lord of the Admiralty (Tory) 1788-1794; Privy Councillor 1789; Knight of the Garter 1790; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1792-1835; Lord Privy Seal 1794-96; Lord President of the Council 1796-1801; Master General of the Ordnance 1801-06 and 1807-10; suc. his mother 3 Apr 1803 as 2nd Baron Chatham; Governor of Plymouth 1805-07, of Jersey 1807-20 and of Gibraltar 1820; High Steward of Colchester


On the death of the 2nd Earl of Chatham all his titles became extinct.


 First written 10 Jan 2003



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