Cracroft's Peerage
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Temple, Earl (GB, 1749 - 1889)


Creation: let.pat. 18 Oct 1749


Extinct: 26 Mar 1889


Family name: Grenville later Nugent-Temple-Grenville later Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville




See Duke of Buckingham and Chandos



Hester Temple later Grenville, suo jure Viscountess Cobham later suo jure Countess Temple

2nd surv. dau. of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt., of Stowe, co. Buckingham (by his wife Mary Knapp, dau. and cohrss. of Henry Knapp, of Weston, co. Oxford), and sister and cohrss. of Richard [Temple], 1st Viscount Cobham


c. 1690


c. 1710 her second cousin once removed Richard Grenville, of Wooton-under-Barnwood, co. Buckingham, Member of Parliament for Andover and for Buckingham (d. 17 Feb 1726/7), only son of Richard Grenville, of Wooton-under-Barnwood, co. Buckingham, by his wife and step-sister Eleanor Temple, only dau. of Sir Peter Temple, of Stanton Barry, co. Buckingham


1. Hon Richard Grenville later Grenville-Temple, later 2nd Earl Temple

2. Rt Hon George Grenville, Member of Parliament for Buckingham 1741-70, a Lord of the Admiralty 1744 and 1st Lord of the Admiralty 1762, a Lord of the Treasury 1747, Treasurer of the Navy 1754 and 1756, Secretary of State 1762, First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) and Chancellor of the Exchequer 1763-65 (b. 14 Oct 1712; d. 13 Nov 1770), mar. 1749 Elizabeth Wyndham (d. 5 Dec 1769), sister of Charles [Wyndham], 2nd Earl of Egremont, and 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Bt. MP, of Orchard Wyndham, co. Somerset, by his first wife Lady Katherine Seymour, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Charles [Seymour], 6th Duke of Somerset, and had issue:

1a. George Grenville later Nugent-Temple-Grenville, later 3rd Earl Temple later 1st Marquess of Buckingham

2a. Thomas Grenville MP, First Lord of the Admiralty 1806-07 (b. 31 Dec 1755; d. 17 Dec 1846)

3a. William Wyndham Grenville, later 1st Baron Grenville

1a. Charlotte Grenville (d. 29 Sep 1832), mar. 21 Dec 1771 as his second wife Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Bt. and had issue

2a. Elizabeth Grenville (b. 24 Oct 1756; dspm. 21 Dec 1842), mar. 12 Apr 1787 as his second wife Joshua [Proby], 1st Earl of Carysfort, and had issue

3a. Hester Grenville (b. 23 Nov 1760; d. 13 Nov 1847), mar. 10 May 1782 Hugh [Fortescue], 1st Earl Fortescue, and had issue

4a. Catherine Grenville (d. 6 Nov 1796), mar. 19 Jun 1780 Richard [Aldworth-Neville later Griffin], 2nd Baron Braybrooke, and had issue

3. Rt Hon James Grenville MP, Deputy Paymaster of the Forces and a Lord of the Treasury 1755-61 (b. 12 Feb 1715; d. Sep 1783), mar. 1740 Mary Smith (d. 15 Dec 1757), dau. of James Smith, of Annables, co. Hertford, and had issue:

1a. James Grenville, later 1st Baron Glastonbury

2a. Gen Richard Grenville, Member of Parliament for Buckingham (d. 27 Apr 1823)

4. Hon Henry Grenville, Governor of Barbados 1746-56, Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle 1759-61 and for Thirsk 1761, Ambassador to Constantinople 1761 (b. 15 Sep 1717; d. 22 Apr 1784), mar. 11 Oct 1757 Margaret Eleanor Banks (d. 19 Jun 1793), dau. of Joseph Banks, of Revesby Abbey, co. Lincoln, and had issue

5. Capt Hon Thomas Henry Grenville RN (b. 3 Apr 1719; dvm. 3 May 1747)

1. Lady Hester Grenville, cr. 4 Dec 1761 Baroness Chatham, of Chatham in the County of Kent (b. 8 Nov 1720; d. 3 Apr 1803), mar. 16 Oct 1754 William [Pitt], 1st Earl of Chatham, and had issue


6 Oct 1752


18 Oct 1749 Countess Temple

suc. by



suc. her brother 13 Sep 1749 as Viscountess Cobham


Richard [Grenville later Grenville-Temple], 2nd Earl Temple, KG PC


26 Sep 1711


9 May 1737 Anne Chambers (d. 7 Apr 1777), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Chambers, of Hanworth, co. Middlesex, by his wife Lady Mary Berkeley, 1st dau. of Charles [Berkeley], 2nd Earl of Berkeley

only child

1. Lady Elizabeth Grenville-Temple (b. 1 Sep 1738; dvp. 14 Jul 1742)


s.p.s. 12 Sep 1779

suc. by



Member of Parliament (Whig) for Buckingham 1734-41 and 1747-52 and for Buckinghamshire 1741-47; High Steward of Buckingham 1749; took the name of Temple after that of Grenville 1752; Privy Councillor 1756; First Lord of the Admiralty 1756-57; Lord Privy Seal 1757-61; Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire 1758-63; Knight of the Garter 1760


George [Grenville later Temple-Nugent-Grenville], 3rd Earl Temple later 1st Marquess of Buckingham


4 Dec 1784 Marquess of Buckingham


The Earldom of Temple was held by the Marquesses of Buckingham (who were created Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos in 1822) from 1784 until 1889 when, on the death of Richard Plantagenet Campbell [Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville], 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, 6th Earl Temple, etc. without a male heir, the Earldom of Temple became extinct.


Last amended 10 Jan 2003



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