Cracroft's Peerage
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Clarendon, Earl of (E, 1661 - 1753)


Creation: let.pat. 20 Apr 1661


Extinct: 10 Dec 1753


Family name: Hyde




Azure a Chevron between three Lozenges Or


An Eagle wings expanded Gules


On either side an Eagle wings endorsed Sable ducally crowned and charged on the breast with a Cross Or


 Deus nobis haec otia fecit



Edward [Hyde], 1st Baron Hyde later 1st Earl of Clarendon, PC

3rd son of Henry Hyde, of Purton and Dinton, co. Wiltshire, by his wife Mary Langford, dau. and cohrss. of Edward Langford, a rich clothier, of Trowbridge, co. Wiltshire


18 Feb 1608/9

mar. (1)

1629 Anne Ayliffe (dsp. 1630), dau. of Sir George Ayliffe, of Gretenham, co. Wiltshire

mar. (2)

10 Jul 1634 Frances Aylesbury (bapt. 25 Aug 1617; d. 8 Aug 1667), dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bt., Master of the Requests, by his wife Anne Denman, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Francis Denman, of West Retford, co. Nottingham

children by second wife

1. Hon Henry Hyde, later 2nd Earl of Clarendon

2. Hon Lawrence Hyde, later 1st Earl of Rochester

3. Hon Edward Hyde (b. 1645; dvp. young)

4. Hon James Hyde (b. 1650; d. at sea 7 May 1682)

1. Lady Anne Hyde (d. 31 Mar 1671), mar. 24 Nov 1659 as his first wife King James II, and had issue

2. Lady Frances Hyde (b. 22 May 1658), mar. Rt Hon Sir Thomas Knightley, of Hartingfordbury, co. Hertford, Vice Treasurer of Ireland, and had issue


19 Dec 1674


3 Nov 1660 Baron Hyde, of Hindon in the County of Wiltshire

20 Apr 1661 Viscount Cornbury and Earl of Clarendon

suc. by

son by second wife


barrister, Middle Temple 1633; Keeper of the Writs of the Common Pleas 1634; Member of Parliament for Wootton Basset and for Saltash 1640-42; Privy Councillor 1642/3 and 1649-67; knighted 1642/3; Chancellor and Under Treasurer of the Exchequer 1642/3-60; Councillor to the Prince of Wales1644-49; Secretary of State 1653-57; Lord High Chancellor of England 1657/8-67; First Commissioner of the Treasury 1660; Chancellor of Oxford University 1660-67; High Steward of Cambridge 1660-70; Ranger of Whichwood Forest 1661; High Steward of Norwich Cathedral 1661-70; High Steward of Yarmouth 1661-74; High Steward of Salisbury 1662; Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1663-67 and of Wiltshire 1667; Lord High Steward of England at the trial of Lord Morley 1666; High Steward of Woodstock 1667; attempted impeachment of him in the House of Commons 1667 but rejected by the House of Lords; retired to the Continent 1667


Henry [Hyde], 2nd Earl of Clarendon, PC


2 Jun 1638

mar. (1)

bef. 26 Jan 1660/1 Hon Theodosia Capell (bapt. 3 Jan 1639/40; bur. 22 Mar 1661/2), 3rd dau. of Arthur [Capell], 1st Baron Capell, by his wife Elizabeth Morrison, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Bt., of Cashiobury, co. Hertford

only child by first wife

1. Hon Edward Hyde, later 3rd Earl of Clarendon

mar. (2)

bef. 1674 Flower Backhouse (widow of (1) William Bishop and (2) Sir William Backhouse, 1st Bt.; d. 17 Jul 1700), dau. and sole hrss. of Sir John Backhouse, of Swallowfield, co. Berkshire, by his wife Flower Henshaw, dau. of Benjamin Henshaw, of London


31 Oct 1709

suc. by

son by first wife


Member of Parliament (Tory) for Lyme Regis 1660 and for Wiltshire 1661-74; Knight of the Bath 1661; Private Secretary to the Queen Consort 1662; Lord Chamberlain to the Queen Consort 1665-76; high Steward of Reading 1674; Privy Councillor 1679 and 1682-89; Keeper of Somerset House 1680; Treasurer to the Queen Consort 1680-84; Lord Privy Seal 1684/5-86/7; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1685-86/7; High Steward of Salisbury 1685; High Steward of the University of Oxford 1686-1709; Councillor to the Queen Consort 1687


Edward [Hyde], 3rd Earl of Clarendon, PC


28 Nov 1661


10 Jul 1688 Hon Katherine O'Brien, suo jure Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold (b. 29 Jan 1673; d. 11 Aug 1706), only surv. dau. and hrss. of Hon Henry O'Brien MP, styled Lord Ilbracken (by his wife Lady Katharine Stuart, suo jure Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold), 1st son and heir ap. of Henry [O'Brien], 6th Earl of Thomond


1. Hon Edward Hyde, styled Viscount Cornbury (bapt. 6 Oct 1691; dvp. 12 Feb 1712/3), later 9th Baron Clifton of Leighton Bromswold

1. Lady Catherine Hyde (d. unm.)

2. Lady Theodosia Hyde, later suo jure Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold


s.p.s. 31 Mar 1723

suc. by



Lt Col, Royal Regiment of Dragoons 1683 and Col of the Regiment 1685-89; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Wiltshire 1685-87 and 1689-95, and for Christchurch 1695-1701; Master of the Horse to Prince George of Denmark 1685-90; Page of Honour at the Coronation of King James II 1685; a supporter of King William III 1688; Governor of New York and New Jersey 1701-08; Privy Councillor 1711-14; Envoy Extraordinary to Hanover 1714


Henry [Hyde], 2nd Earl of Rochester later 4th Earl of Clarendon, PC

1st son and heir of Lawrence [Hyde], 1st Earl of Rochester (by his wife Lady Henrietta Boyle, 4th dau. of Richard [Boyle] , 2nd Earl of Cork), 2nd son of Edward [Hyde], 1st Earl of Clarendon




2 Mar 1691/2 Jane Leveson-Gower (d. 24 May 1725), sister of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Baron Gower, and dau. of Sir William Gower later Leveson-Gower, 4th Bt. MP, by his wife Lady Jane Granville, 2nd dau. of John [Granville], 1st Earl of Bath


1. Hon Henry Hyde, styled Viscount Cornbury later 5th Baron Hyde, Member of Parliament (Tory) for Oxford University 1731/2-50/1; sum. v.p. to Parliament 23 Jan 1750/1 in his father's Barony of Hyde (b. 28 Nov 1710; dvp. and sp. 26 Apr 1753). mar. 9 Nov 1737 Lady Frances Lee, 3rd dau. of George Henry [Lee], 2nd Earl of Lichfield, by his wife Frances Hales, only dau. by his first wife of Sir John Hales, 4th Bt., of Hackington, co. Kent, titular 2nd Earl of Tenterden

1. Lady Jane Hyde, a Lady of the Bedchamber to the Princess of Wales (dspm. 3 Jan 1723/4), mar. 27 Nov 1718 as his first wife William [Capell], 3rd Earl of Essex, and had issue

2. Lady Catherine Hyde (dsps. 17 Jul 1777), mar. 10 Mar 1720 Charles [Douglas], 3rd Duke of Queensberry, and had issue


s.p.m.s. 10 Dec 1753


Member of Parliament (Tory) for Launceston 1692-1711; First Clerk of the Writs in Chancery 1703; Joint Vice-Treasurer and Paymaster of Ireland 1710-16; Privy Councillor 1710-14; suc. his father 2 May 1711 as 2nd Earl of Rochester; Ranger of Richmond Park 1711-27; High Steward of the University of Oxford 1711-53; Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall 1711-14


On the death of the 4th Earl of Clarendon both the Earldoms of Clarendon and Rochester became extinct.


 First written 04 Mar 2003



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