Cracroft's Peerage
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Rochester, Earl of (E, 1682 - 1753)


Creation: let.pat. 28 Nov 1682


Extinct: 10 Dec 1753


Family name: Hyde




Azure a Chevron between three Lozenges Or, a Crescent for difference


An Eagle wings expanded Gules, a Crescent for difference


On either side a Stork Argent beaked and membered Gules


 Soyez ferme (Stand firm)



Lawrence [Hyde], 1st Viscount Hyde later 1st Earl of Rochester, KG PC

2nd son of Edward [Hyde], 1st Earl of Clarendon, by his second wife Frances Aylesbury, dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bt., Master of the Requests


15 Mar 1641/2


1685 Lady Henrietta Boyle (b. c. 1645; d. 12 Apr 1687), 5th dau. of Richard [Boyle], 2nd Earl of Cork, by his wife  Lady Elizabeth Clifford, suo jure Baroness Clifford, only child of Henry [Clifford], 5th Earl of Cumberland


1. Hon Henry Hyde, later 2nd Earl of Rochester later 4th Earl of Clarendon

1. Lady Anne Hyde (d. 25 Jan 1684/5), mar. 20 Jul 1682 as his first wife James [Butler], 2nd Duke of Ormonde, and had issue

2. Lady Henrietta Hyde (b. c. 1677; d. 30 May 1730), mar. 2 Jan 1693/4 Lord James Scott, styled Earl of Dalkeith (b. 23 May 1674;  dvm. 14 Mar 1704/5), 1st surv. son and heir ap. of James [Crofts later Scott], 1st Duke of Monmouth (by his wife Lady Anne Scott, suo jure Duchess of Buccleuch), illegitimate son of King Charles II by his mistress Lucy Walters, and had issue

3. Lady Mary Hyde (d. 25 Jan 1708/9), mar. 17 Feb 1703/4 as his first wife Francis [Seymour], 1st Baron Conway, and had issue

4. Lady Catherine Hyde (d. unm.)


2 May 1711


23 Apr 1681 Baron Hyde, of Wotton Bassett in the County of Wiltshire, and Viscount Hyde, of Kenilworth in the County of Warwick

29 Nov 1682 Earl of Rochester

suc. by



Member of Parliament for Newport (co. Cornwall) 1660, for Oxford University 1661-79 and for Wotton Bassett 1679-81; Master of the Robes 1662-75; Ambassador Extraordinary to Poland 1676; Joint Ambassador to the Congress of Nimeguen 1677-78; a Lord of the Treasury 1679; Privy Councillor 1679-88/9, 1691/2-1707 and 1710; First Lord of the Treasury 1679-84; Lord President of the Council 1684-84/5 and 1710-11; Lord High Treasurer of England 1684/5-86; Knight of the Garter 1685; Recorder of Salisbury 1685; Postmaster-General and Chancellor to the Queen Consort 1685; Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1687-89 and of Cornwall 1710-11; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1700-02/3; High Steward of Oxford University 1709-11


Henry [Hyde], 2nd Earl of Rochester later 4th Earl of Clarendon


suc. his cousin 31 Mar 1723 as 4th Earl of Clarendon


The 2nd Earl of Rochester held both the Earldoms of Rochester and of Clarendon from 1723 until his death in 1753, when both titles became extinct


 First written 5 Mar 2003



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