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Dunfermline, Earl of (S, 1605 - forfeited 1690)


Creation: let.pat. 4 Mar 1604/5


Forfeited: 1690


Family name: Seton




Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Or three Crescents within a Double Tressure flory counterflory Gules (Seton);  2nd and 3rd, Argent on a Fess Gules three Cinquefoils of the first (Hamilton of Sanquhar)


A Crescent Gules


On either side a Horse at liberty Argent maned and tailed Or





Alexander [Seton], 1st Lord Fyvie later 1st Earl of Dunfermline, PC

4th son of George [Seton], 5th Lord Seton, by his wife Isabel Hamilton, dau. of Sir William Hamilton of Sorn and Sanquhar, High Treasurer of Scotland



mar. (1)

bef. 1 Jul 1592 Hon Lilias Drummond (dspm. 8 May 1601), 2nd dau. of Patrick [Drummond], 3rd Lord Drummond, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, 1st dau. by his second wife of David [Lindsay], 9th Earl of Crawford

children by first wife

1. Lady Anne Seton, mar. 1610 Hon Alexander Erskine, styled Viscount Fentoun (dvp. 11 Feb 1633), 1st son and heir ap. of Thomas [Erskine], 1st Earl of Kellie, by his first wife Anne Ogilvy, dau. of Sir Gilbert Ogilvy of Powrie, and had issue

2. Lady Isabel Seton (b. 1 Aug 1594; d. 2 Nov 1638), mar. bef. 18 Jun 1610 John [Maitland], 1st Earl of Lauderdale, and had issue

3. Lady Margaret Seton (b. 15 Jun 1596)

4. Lady Margaret Seton (b. 8 Aug 1599; dspm. 20 Feb 1629/30), mar. 5 Jun 1614 Colin [Mackenzie], 1st Earl of Seaforth, and had issue

5. Lady Sophia Seton (d. after 1 Jun 1640), mar. 16 Feb 1611/2 her first cousin once removed David [Lindsay], 1st Lord Lindsay of Balcarres, and had issue

mar. (2)

after 27 Oct 1601 Lady Grizel Leslie (d. 6 Sep 1606), half-sister of John [Leslie], 6th Earl of Rothes, and 1st dau. of Hon James Leslie, Master of Rothes (by his first wife Hon Margaret Lindsay, only dau. of Patrick [Lindsay], 6th Lord Lindsay of the Byres), 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of Andrew [Leslie], 5th Earl of Rothes

children by second wife

1. Hon Charles Seton, styled Lord Fyvie (dvp. young)

6. Lady Lilias Seton (d. unm.)

7. Lady Jean Seton (d. 21 Aug 1625), mar. 1624 as his first wife John [Hay], 1st Earl of Tweeddale, and had issue

mar. (3)

after 15 Nov 1607 Hon Margaret Hay (mar. (2) 1633 James [Livingston], 1st Earl of Callendar; d. 30 Dec 1659), sister of John [Hay], 1st Earl of Tweeddale, and only dau. of James [Hay], 7th Lord Hay of Yester, by his wife Lady Margaret Kerr, 3rd dau. of Mark [Kerr], 1st Earl of Lothian

children by third wife

2. Hon Charles Seton, later 2nd Earl of Dunfermline

8. Lady Grizel Seton (b. 26 Dec 1609; d. unm.)

9. Lady Mary Seton (d. young)


16 Jun 1622


4 Mar 1597/8 Lord Fyvie, with remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his next elder brother Sir John Seton of Barns, in like manner

4 Mar 1604/5 Earl of Dunfermline, to him and his heirs male

suc. by

son by third wife


originally trained as a Jesuit; Prior of Pluscarden 1565-81, when he became a Protestant; Privy Councillor [S] 1585; a Lord of Session Extraordinary 1585/6-87/8, Ordinary under the style of Lord Urquhart 1588-93, and Lord President of Session 1593-1605; a Lord of the Treasury 1596-97; Lord Provost of Edinburgh 1598-1608; Lord High Chancellor of Scotland 1605-22; Privy Councillor [E] 1609


Charles [Seton], 2nd Earl of Dunfermline


Nov 1615


after 9 Nov 1632 Lady Mary Douglas (d. c. 1659), 3rd dau. of William [Douglas], 7th Earl of Morton, by his wife Lady Anne Keith, 1st dau. by his first wife of George [Keith], 4th Earl Marischal


1. Hon Charles Seton, styled Lord Fyvie (b. 13 Jun 1640; dvp. 1672)

2. Hon Alexander Seton, later 3rd Earl of Dunfermline

3. Hon James Seton, later 4th Earl of Dunfermline

1. Lady Henrietta Seton (b. Jun 1652; d. betw 30 Nov 1699 and 19 Apr 1700), mar. (1) Sep 1670 William [Fleming], 5th Earl of Wigtown, and (2) bef. 1689 as his second wife William [Lindsay], 18th Earl of Crawford, and had issue by her first husband


11 May 1672

suc. by



a leader of the Army of Covenanters 1639-40 but after an active supporter of King Charles I; High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 1643; Privy Councillor [S] 1640-48 and 1660/1-72; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1669-72; Lord Privy Seal of Scotland 1671-72


Alexander [Seton], 3rd Earl of Dunfermline


12 Jun 1642


betw. 23 Aug and 27 Oct 1677

suc. by




James [Seton], 4th Earl of Dunfermline



after 6 Jul 1682 Lady Jean Gordon (d. after 4 Mar 1694/5), 3rd dau. of Lewis [Gordon], 3rd Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Mary Grant, dau. of Sir John Grant of Freuchie


s.p. 26 Dec 1694


although he served abroad under the Prince of Orange (later King William III), he supported King James II and was in command of a Troop of Horse at the Battle of Killiecrankie 1689; declared an outlaw by the Scottish Parliament 1690 and all his titles became forfeit; he followed the former King James II to France and spent the rest of his life in exile


The Earldom of Dunfermline became forfeited on the declaration of the 4th Earl of Dunfermline as an outlaw in 1690.


 Last updated 23 Mar 2005



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