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Ormonde, Duke of (I, 1661 - forfeited 1715)


Creation: let.pat. 30 Mar 1661


Forfeited: 1715 (reversed 1871)


Family name: Butler




See Marquess of Ormonde



James [Butler], 12th Earl of Ormonde and 5th Earl of Ossory later 1st Marquess of Ormonde later 1st Duke of Ormonde, KG PC

son and heir of Hon Thomas Butler, styled Viscount Thurles (by his wife Elizabeth Poyntz, dau. of Sir John Poyntz, of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester), 1st son and heir ap. of Walter [Butler], 11th Earl of Ormonde and 4th Earl of Ossory, by his wife Hon Helen Butler, 1st dau. of Edmund [Butler], 2nd Viscount Mountgarret


19 Oct 1610


Dec 1629 his cousin Lady Elizabeth Preston, suo jure Lady Dingwall (b. 25 Jul 1615; d. 21 Jul 1684), only dau. and hrss. of Richard [Preston], 1st Lord Dingwall and later 1st Earl of Desmond, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Butler, only dau. and hrss. by his second wife of Thomas [Butler], 10th Earl of Ormonde and 3rd Earl of Ossory


1. Hon Thomas Butler (b. 1632; dvp. young)

2. Rt Hon Lord Thomas Butler KG, styled Viscount Thurles 1634-42 and Earl of Ossory 1642-80, Privy Councillor [I] 1660, Member of Parliament (Tory) de facto for Bristol 1661-66 and for University of Dublin 1661-62, Lieut Gen of the Irish Horse 1661-74, sum. v.p. to the Irish House of Lords 8 Aug 1662 in his father's Earldom of Ossory, Deputy Governor of Ireland 1664-65 and 1668-69, Lieut Gen of the Forces in Ireland 1665-80, a Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1666-80, Privy Councillor [E] 1666, sum. v.p. to the English House of Lords 14 Sep 1666 by writ as Baron Butler of Moore Park, of Moore Park in the County of Hertford, Knight of the Garter 1672, Envoy to France 1672, Rear-Admiral of the Blue 1673, Vice-Admiral of the Red 1673 and Commander-in-Chief of the Nore 1673, Master of the Trinity House 1675-76, a Commissioner of the Admiralty 1675-79, Chamberlain to the Queen 1676-80, Governor of Tangier 1680 (b. 8 Jul 1634; dvp. 30 Jul 1680), mar. 7 Nov 1659 Emilia of Nassau (bur. 12 Dec 1688), 1st dau. of Louis of Nassau, Lord of Auverquerque (illeg. son of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, by his mistress Margaretha van Mechelan), by his wife Elizabeth van Hoorn, dau. of Graaf van Hoorn, and had issue:

1a. Hon James Butler, later 2nd Baron Butler of Moore Park later 3rd Lord Dingwall later 2nd Duke of Ormonde

2a. Hon Charles Butler, later 1st Earl of Arran later de jure 3rd Duke of Ormonde

1a. Lady Henrietta Butler (d. 11 Oct 1724), mar. 12 Jan 1697 her cousin Henry [D'Auverquerque], 1st Earl of Grantham, and had issue

2a. Lady Elizabeth Butler (d. 5 Jul 1717), mar. 10 Jul 1673 William George Richard [Stanley], 9th Earl of Derby, and had issue

3. Lord Richard Butler, later 1st Earl of Arran

4. Lord John Butler, later 1st Earl of Gowran

1. Lady Elizabeth Butler (b/ 29 Jun 1640; dspms. Jul 1665), mar. bef. 25 Sep 1660 as his second wife Philip [Stanhope], 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Butler (b. 1646; d. 31 Jul 1710), mar. William [Cavendish], 1st Duke of Devonshire, and had issue


21 Jul 1688


30 Aug 1642 Marquess of Ormonde [Peerage of Ireland]

20 Jul 1660 Baron Butler, of Llanthony in the County of Monmouth, and Earl of Brecknock [Peerage of England]

30 Mar 1661 Duke of Ormonde [Peerage of Ireland]

9 Nov 1682 Duke of Ormonde [Peerage of England]

suc. by



Councillor for New England 1632; suc. his grandfather 24 Feb 1632/3 as 12th Earl of Ormonde and 5th Earl of Ossory; Privy Councillor [I] 1634/5; Lieut Gen of the Horse 1638, Col of a Regiment of Horse 1640, Lieut Gen of the Army in Ireland 1640-41 and Commander-in-Chief 1641; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1643-47, 1648/9-50, 1662-69 and 1677-85; Chancellor of the University of Dublin 1645-53 and 1660-88; Knight of the Garter 1649; Privy Councillor 1651; Lord Steward of the Household 1660; a Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1660-66; Lord Lieutenant of Somerset and Bristol 1660-72; Col of an Irish Regiment of Horse 1660-85; Keeper of Exmoor Forest 1660/1; Privy Councillor [S] 1660/1; Lord High Steward of England for the Coronations of King Charles II 1661 and King James II 1685; Chancellor of Oxford University 1669; Commissioner of the Admiralty 1673-79


James [Butler], 2nd Baron Butler of Moore Park later 3rd Lord Dingwall later 2nd Duke of Ormonde, KG PC


26 Apr 1665

mar. (1)

20 Jul 1682 Lady Anne Hyde (d. 25 Jan 1684/5), 1st dau. of Laurence [Hyde], 1st Earl of Rochester, by his wife Lady Henrietta Boyle, 4th dau. of Richard [Boyle], 2nd Earl of Cork and 1st Earl of Burlington

only child by first wife

1. Lady Mary Butler (d. 1688)

mar. (2)

3 Aug 1685 Lady Mary Somerset, Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Anne 1702-14 (b. c. 1665; d. 19 Nov 1733), 2nd but 1st surv. dau. of Henry [Somerset], 1st Duke of Beaufort, by his wife Hon Mary Seymour, widow of Lord Henry Seymour, styled Lord Beauchamp, and 1st dau. of Arthur [Capell], 1st Baron Capell

children by second wife

1. Lord Thomas Butler, styled Earl of Ossory (b. 24 Sep 1686; dvp. 26 Feb 1688/9)

2. Lady Elizabeth Butler (d. 20 Apr 1750), claimant to the Scottish Lordship of Dingwall and the English Barony of Butler of Moore Park

3. Lady Mary Butler (b. c.1681; dspvp. 2 Jan 1712/3), mar. 21 Oct 1710 as his first wife John [Ashburnham], 1st Earl of Ashburnham


s.p.m.s. 5 Nov 1745

suc. by



suc. his father 30 Jul 1680 as 2nd Baron Butler of Moore Park but was styled Earl of Ossory; suc. his grandmother 21 Jul 1684 as 3rd Lord Dingwall; a Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1685-88 and 1688/9-1698/9; Chancellor of the Universities of Oxford and Dublin, High Steward of Westminster and Bristol and Governor of the Charterhouse 1688-1714; Knight of the Garter 1688; Lord High Constable of England at the Coronation of King William III 1689; Col of the 2nd Troop of Lifeguards 1689-1712, Maj Gen 1692, Lieut Gen 1694, General of the Horse 1702; present at the Battles of the Boyne 1690, Steinkirk 1692 and Landen 1693 and the Siege of Namur 1695; Privy Councillor [I] 1690 and 1702 and [E] 1696-1714; Lord Lieutenant of Somerset 1690/1-1714 and of Norfolk 1713-14; High Steward of Exeter 1697-1715; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1702/3-07 and 1710-13; Col of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards and Commander-in-Chief 1712; Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1713-14; deprived of all offices and commands on the accession of King George I 1714; supported King James II and fled to France; attainted 1715 when all his Irish, English and Scottish honours were forfeited


Charles [Butler], 1st Earl of Arran later de jure 3rd Duke of Ormonde


4 Sep 1671


18 Sep 1721 Hon Elizabeth Crewe (b. c. 1679; dsp. 21 May 1756), 3rd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Crewe], 2nd Baron Crewe, by his second wife Anne Wodehouse, widow of Sir Thomas Wodehouse, of Kimberly, co. Norfolk, and 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir William Airmine, 2nd Bt., of Osgodby, co. Lincoln


s.p. 17 Dec 1758


8 Mar 1693 Earl of Arran (Peerage of Ireland)

23 Jan 1694 Baron Butler of Weston, of Weston in the County of Huntingdon (Peerage of England)


suc. his niece 20 Apr 1750 as claimant to the Scottish Lordship of Dingwall and the English Barony of Butler of Moore Park; following his death the claim to these two titles passed to his next niece, Lady Frances Elliott, eldest dau. and cohrss. of his sister, Henrietta, Countess of Grantham, and then to her nephew, George Nassau [Clavering-Cowper], 3rd Earl Cowper, and eventually to his great-grandson Francis Thomas de Grey [Cowper], 7th Earl Cowper, who in 1871 had the 1715 attainder of the 2nd Duke of Ormonde reversed and was declared by the House of Lords to be entitled to both the Scottish Lordship of Dingwall and the English Barony of Butler of Moore Park as heir-general of the 2nd Duke of Ormonde


On the death of the Earl of Arran his titles of 1693 and 1694 became extinct as did any claim he had to the Marquessate and Dukedom of Ormonde in the Peerage of Ireland, and the rights to the Earldoms of Ormonde and Ossory together with the Viscountcy of Thurles passed to his second cousin once removed, John Butler, of Kilcash, co. Tipperary, as heir male of Piers [Butler], 8th Earl of Ormonde and 1st Earl of Ossory.


 Last updated 19 Jan 2003



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